Is CBD Oil Legal?

One of the biggest confusions consumers have is whether CBD oil is legal or not. Unfortunately, it’s not a straight forward yes or no answer. Furthermore, things are changing rapidly across the country, making it even harder to keep up with the current status at any given time.

CBD oil has been steadily gaining popularity due to the many therapeutic benefits it is able to provide without causing intoxication. For people looking to enjoy the health benefits of the cannabis plant without getting high, CBD oils would be a prime choice. 

However, even though CBD is not psychoactive like THC, it would be incorrect to assume that it is entirely legal under United States law. Overall, the precise legality of CBD products is a very complicated issue. Let’s shed some light on the current, often murky, laws regarding CBD.

Cannabis/Marijuana Laws

Since CBD is a constituent of the cannabis plant, we must first review the laws referring to cannabis and marijuana. Although marijuana has been classified as a Schedule I substance since 1970, individual states have since instituted their own laws on its recreational and medicinal use. 

In ten states–Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, Oregon, Vermont, and Washington–cannabis is legal both for medical and recreational use. In these states, cannabis products can be easily purchased by those who are of legal age, either online or at dispensaries.

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In addition to the ten states where marijuana is completely legal, 23 states allow for medicinal marijuana use. In 12 other states, marijuana is still illegal. Some states have also “decriminalized” marijuana, and similar legislation has been passed eliminating criminal penalties for CBD.

As an aside, federal law supersedes state laws according to the Supremacy Clause, but the federal government and the DEA rarely interfere with matters involving marijuana/cannabis use.

CBD-Specific Laws

Although some states place restrictions on marijuana use, CBD is often allowed under certain rules and regulations. In some cases, CBD is the only accepted form of legal cannabis.

In states such as Texas, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Kansas, CBD oil made from hemp or with less than .03% THC is legal. In Ohio, only CBD oils sold from licensed dispensaries are considered legal.

In states such as Wyoming, South Carolina, and Mississippi, CBD products are typically only authorized for patients with treatment resistant epilepsy, as long as they contain less than the legal limit of THC. In Virginia and Wisconsin, CBD can be used to treat any condition as long as it is approved by a physician or doctor. In South Dakota, the only form of CBD allowed is the FDA-approved drug Epidiolex. 

If you are looking into any CBD products, it would be wise to review your state’s specific laws on CBD.

The 2018 Farm Bill

The passing of the Farm Bill in late 2018 was a big step forward for CBD. With this bill, hemp, its derivatives, and THC contained in hemp were all removed from the Controlled Substances Act. The bill also made hemp and hemp-derived products legal for sale, transport, or possession, albeit under several regulations and restrictions. Hemp cannot contain more than .03% THC, and can only be grown by licensed cultivators who must discard any cannabis plants exceeding this limit. 

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Although the Farm Bill legalizes hemp on the federal level, it doesn’t make all forms of CBD legal. CBD and other cannabinoids are only considered legal if they are produced in compliance with the Farm Bill, and if not, they are still considered to be a Schedule I substance. Therefore, CBD produced derived from marijuana or by an unlicensed hemp grower will still be illegal. While the Farm Bill marked an important step in the legalization process, additional legislation must be passed before CBD is truly legal. 

Why Does CBD Oil Have Such a Confusing Legal Status?

CBD is non-intoxicating, non-addictive, has scientifically-backed health benefits, and is even accepted as a sole source of medicinal marijuana–so why is its legality so complicated?

One of the main issues is due to confusion over classifying CBD as a health supplement or a medicine. According to the FDA, any product intended to have a therapeutic or medical use is a drug. Many CBD products are marketed as health supplements, but are still used by people with serious conditions as a primary method of treatment, which also makes it a medicine. CBD is not psychoactive like THC-based products, so it has additional viability as a medicine, but its manner of use is still interchangeable.

It is also important to note that CBD products have a history of being mislabeled. If the contents of a CBD oil product are not verified by a third party lab, it’s possible that it could contain potentially dangerous additives or more than the legal amount of THC. A lack of FDA regulation makes it impossible to make sure that all CBD oil products are quality, additive-free, and in accordance with the Farm Bill, which is why its legal status remains complicated.

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CBD Oil’s Future Legality

Even though CBD oil is technically not fully legal in the United States, recent trends suggest that full legalization could be coming soon. The complete legalization of CBD oil will require better regulation of CBD products by the FDA, more research on CBD’s effects in humans and animals, and increased awareness by legislators. The 2018 Farm Bill could allow researchers to more readily access CBD for studies, which might hasten the legalization process.  

A likely scenario in which CBD oil is legalized will be if specific standards for its preparation are approved by the FDA and DEA. This way, the contents of CBD oils would be verifiable. In addition, there’s also the potential that CBD will be rescheduled under the Controlled Substances Act, while cannabis as a whole remains the same. Given that THC is currently listed on its own as a controlled substance, it’s reasonable to assume that CBD and other cannabinoids could be rescheduled independently.


Key Takeaways

  • Hemp-derived CBD oil containing less than .03% THC is legal under federal law.
  • Most CBD oil is also legal at the state level, but many have strict rules and regulations on its use.
  • The 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp, its derivatives, and THC contained in hemp from the Controlled Substances Act, but it did not necessarily make CBD entirely legal on the federal level. 
  • Better regulation of CBD products and additional research will help CBD become fully legal.

BREAKING NEWS: New research says CBD may possibly be used as an antibiotic.

Is CBD an antibiotic? A new preliminary study says yes, which would have huge implications across the world.

CBD (cannabidiol) a non-psychoactive chemical compound found in cannabis is being investigated for a number of medical conditions including, anxiety, pain and inflammation with limited side effects. While the research is still emerging on CBD’s ability to kill a wide range of bacteria including staph and strep, work led by Dr Mark Blaskovich at The University of Queensland’s Institute for Molecular Bioscience’s Centre for Superbug Solutions found that CBD was successful in killing a wide range of Gram-positive bacteria.

“Given cannabidiol’s documented anti-inflammatory effects, existing safety profile in humans, it is a promising new potential antibiotic worth further investigation,” said Dr. Blaskovich. “The combination of inherent antimicrobial activity and the potential to reduce damage caused by the inflammatory response to infections is particularly attractive.”

Can CBD Be the Answer for Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria?

Most remarkably, the CBD retained its activity against certain strains of bacteria that typically become resistant to other traditional antibiotics. According to the CDC, more than 2 million people in the US get an antibiotic-resistant infection each year, and at least 23,000 of them die as a result. In fact, the bacteria studied were not able to form resistance to the CBD at all.

Blaskovich says that they’re not entirely sure exactly how the CBD is effective against bacteria, and states that it may be a “completely new mechanism of action”.  More research on CBD for antibiotic resistant infections needs to be done, but this research is definitely groundbreaking, and provides much hope for the future of infectious medicine.

The project was co-funded by Botanix and Innovation Connections, an Australian government grant scheme to commercialize new products, processes and services. The paper was presented on June 23, 2019 at the Moscone Convention Center in San Francisco during the annual conference of the American Society for Microbiology.

7 Healthy Coffee Alternatives

Coffee is the third most popular beverage in the world, behind water and tea. Many people love it for its flavor and its high caffeine content. Altogether, the world consumes about 400 million cups of coffee each year! 

In addition to its vast popularity, coffee has been shown to have many positive effects on health. Scientific evidence suggests that coffee consumption can help prevent neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, improve cognitive functions, and even help people live longer.

Why You Should Consider Coffee Alternatives

Despite the many benefits of coffee, some people might not enjoy the flavor, and some are not able to drink it due to a sensitivity to caffeine, which causes negatives symptoms such as anxiety, headaches, tremors, and insomnia. As a result, many coffee alternatives have emerged as of late, and they are gaining popularity at restaurants, cafes, and at home alike.

Let’s explore seven healthy alternatives to coffee for those who want to enjoy a nutritional beverage, as well as how you might choose to add CBD hemp oil to enhance their effects…

1. Chicory Coffee

Chicory is a flowering plant whose root is baked and ground to serve as a coffee alternative or as an additive to coffee. Chicory doesn’t contain caffeine or any of the volatile oils found in coffee, but it does have a similar flavor, which is rich, earthy, and somewhat nutty.  

Chicory is native to Europe, where it was used extensively in France as a culinary ingredient and coffee substitute in times of shortage. It is a good source of Vitamin C and antioxidants, and has been used historically to treat digestive issues. Today, chicory coffee is especially popular in Louisiana cafes, most notably at Café Du Monde in New Orleans, where it has become a popular local tradition.

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2. Herbal Tea

Herbal teas, unlike those made with the traditional tea plant, do not contain any caffeine, and are instead made with a mixture of various herbs, spices, fruits, and flowers. Some common herbal teas include ginger, peppermint, chamomile and ginseng, each of which has its own flavor and health benefits. 

Herbal teas can help with relaxation, boost the immune system, and prevent chronic diseases, along with a wide range of additional health benefits depending on the kind of tea. Furthermore, herbal tea contains zero calories when prepared with no added sugars or sweeteners, and can be enjoyed either hot or cold.

3. Yerba Mate

Yerba mate is a tea-like beverage that is traditionally consumed in many regions in South America. The drink is prepared by drying the leaves of the yerba mate plant over a fire, and then steeping them with hot or cold water in a gourd. Mate does contain a compound similar to caffeine that some have dubbed “mateine”, though many people with caffeine sensitivity can drink yerba mate and do not experience the adverse reactions that coffee gives them. 

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Mate has an earthy, bitter flavor that has been likened to green tea, but it is often infused with other herbs, spices, and sweeteners to alter the taste.

Drinking mate can provide a number of positive effects, including a suppressed appetite, weight loss, reduced blood pressure and improved focus and energy. People have reported that mate increases alertness without causing the negative side effects of coffee and other caffeine-rich drinks.

4. Matcha Tea

Matcha is a variation of green tea that uses specially-grown leaves made into a fine powder. Unlike with traditional loose leaf teas, matcha contains whole tea leaves, and provides up to ten times the nutritional content as green tea.

Matcha has a strong, grassy taste that is often compared to spinach, so it is often consumed with sweeteners. It has shown to be a mood booster, reduce blood pressure, help with concentration and prevent disease. 

Matcha typically contains about the same amount of caffeine as a cup of coffee, but the effects are said to be much more calming. In fact, matcha is especially useful for monks who meditate for lengthy periods, and have incorporated the drink into their practice for centuries.

5. Golden Milk

Golden milk is a beverage popular in India and China that is made by adding turmeric and other spices to milk. It is usually served warm, and provides additional health benefits when black pepper is included.

The spices used in golden milk (often turmeric, cinnamon, and ginger) are all rich in antioxidants that can relieve inflammation, improve memory and boost the immune system. Drinking golden milk in the morning or before bed can relieve cold and flu symptoms, as well as help you fall asleep. 

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In addition, golden milk can be completely vegan depending on the kind of milk and ingredients used. Popular recipes for golden milk often use coconut milk, but soy milk and almond milk are both possible options.

6. Kombucha

Kombucha is a slightly effervescent beverage made by fermenting sweetened black or green tea with a culture of yeast and bacteria. It can provide all the positive effects of traditional teas, as well as additional health benefits from the probiotic microorganisms present in the drink. The yeasts and bacteria produce several acids and antioxidants during fermentation which can kill pathogens and reduce toxicity. These acids are also responsible for kombucha’s sour taste.

Even though kombucha has been approved for human consumption by the FDA, it’s important to understand that harmful bacteria can contaminate the drink during its preparation. To be safe, it’s better to buy reputable kombucha products online or in stores, or prepare it according to the FDA’s standards.

7. Bone Broth

Bone broth is a stock made by boiling the bones and connective tissue of animals, as well as other ingredients such as vegetables, and then straining out the solids. It is typically prepared over a long period (8 to 24 hours) to extract the organic matter from the bones. While some might feel that bone broth is not a direct alternative to coffee due to its savory flavors such as chicken and beef, it has been touted as a soothing source of amino acids and calcium that can be enjoyed on the go.

Bone broth provides a unique health benefits and is high in vitamins and nutrients, including calcium, magnesium, and phosphorous Drinking bone broth can be beneficial for the joints, digestive system, immune system, and the amino acids in bone broth may even help promote better sleep in some people.

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Using CBD with Coffee Alternatives

CBD hemp oil provides numerous therapeutic effects without causing any mental impairment like THC. When used in combination with coffee, or any of these healthy coffee alternatives, the benefits can be amplified, or the addition of CBD can create new, unique effects. 

For example, adding CBD oil to yerba mate or golden milk can help boost the immune system, along with providing pain relief for unpleasant cold or flu symptoms. CBD can also be added to matcha tea to reduce anxiety on top of improving focus and concentration. Whatever drink you might choose to add CBD to, the flavor will largely remain the same, and you’ll enjoy added benefits in addition to the ones already provided by the beverage itself.

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Is CBD Useful for Athletes?

Is CBD helpful for athletes? Is it safe? Is it even legal? In this post, we discuss a growing trend in the sports and athletics community and examine how CBD is being used to aid in mental focus, physical training and recovery.

Why Does Considering CBD for Athletes Matter?

The life of an athlete entails rigorous training, tough competition, and an optimally functioning mind and body. Athletes all around the world work hard to prepare for their respective sports, but they often encounter roadblocks such as injuries, chronic pain, as well as various mental hindrances.

CBD is a promising addition to any athlete’s regimen, as it has proven to provide multiple therapeutic applications that is especially useful to athletes. Let’s review everything that an athlete needs to know about hemp CBD, and how using it can benefit their athletic career.

CBD Can Provide Anxiety Relief

Anxiety can cause difficulties in life among members of the general population, but it is particularly detrimental to athletes. Anxiety can negatively impact attention, decision making skills, and self-confidence, all of which are extremely important for athletic performance. 

Athletes may experience anxiety due to pressures to perform well, fear of performing poorly, career uncertainty, or fear of sustaining an injury. If left untreated, anxiety can lead an athlete to reduced performance or even a desire to quit their sport. Given that an estimated 9% of elite athletes suffer from some form of anxiety disorder, many athletes would greatly benefit from finding a way to manage their anxiety.

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Fortunately, using CBD can be a great way for athletes to reduce their anxiety. CBD interacts with a number of receptors in and outside of the endocannabinoid system that regulates fear and anxiety, and has been shown to inhibit the fear response. Taking CBD can help an athlete suppress the amount of anxiety they feel, which could indirectly improve their overall performance. 

Can CBD Improve Athletic Performance?

As mentioned above, CBD can help athletes manage their anxiety, which will consequently lead to better performance, but there is currently no scientific evidence that suggests it directly improves athletic performance.

CBD can, however, make training easier by reducing inflammation and pain thresholds, allowing athletes to make the most out of their workouts. It is also worth noting that CBD can be a stimulant at low doses, so it can provide an energy boost if used before training.

CBD Can Help Athletes Recover

Athletes–specifically those competing at a high level–put a tremendous amount of stress on their bodies. After long workouts or practice sessions, it’s completely natural for an athlete to experience pain and swelling in their muscles

Traditional methods for dealing with pain and inflammation–over the counter pain relievers and opioid based medications–are now known to be more dangerous than they are beneficial. Alternatively, CBD hemp oil provides a natural, safe, and effective way for athletes to manage the everyday wear-and-tear on their bodies. 

CBD has documented analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties that will help athletes consistently perform to the best of their abilities. In addition, CBD can be used as a potent sedative at higher doses, and can help athletes get a good night’s sleep which helps them recover even faster.

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CBD Can Help With Injuries

Injuries are an unfortunate reality of every sport, and can cause athletes to be sidelined with aggravating pain and discomfort. Recovering from an injury and returning to competition usually takes a lot of time and rehab, but your own body can sometimes make this process more difficult. 

The inflammatory response occurs naturally alongside an injury and helps immobilize the affected body part, but it is often excessive, which can lead to muscle atrophy and increased susceptibility to further injury. It is for this reason that athletes try to reduce swelling whenever possible.

Reducing inflammation is one of the most well-known properties of CBD hemp oil, making it very useful for athletes who are recovering from major or minor injuries. Depending on the type of injury, CBD can either be taken orally or applied directly to the injured body part topically. Less inflammation means less pain, which hopefully also means less time spent rehabbing and more time spent playing the sport that you love.

In addition, CBD has been used to alleviate symptoms of concussions, which are common in combat or contact sports. The endocannabinoid system plays a central role in regulating both migraines and post-concussion headaches, and taking CBD can desensitize the neurons that trigger these headaches.

Is CBD Legal and is it Allowed for Athletes?

As all athletes well know, many (often perfectly legal) substances are banned by various sports agencies around the world, and the penalties for violating anti-drug policies can be severe. But is CBD one of these banned substances? 

As of early 2018, the World Anti-Doping Agency and U.S. Anti-Doping Agency have removed CBD and hemp derivatives from its list of prohibited substances, making it suitable for use by athletes in and out of competition. 

CBD is legal at the federal level, as well as in most states, but there are still certain restrictions that should be taken note of. Moreover, individual sports organizations might have policies of their own prohibiting CBD, so it’s important for athletes to check with their organization(s) first.

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Despite the fact that hemp-derived CBD is now allowed, THC and marijuana-derived CBD is still prohibited, which is often found in trace amounts in some CBD products. WADA’s maximum limit for THC content is 150 nanograms, and this threshold can be exceeded if the THC concentration in a CBD product is labeled inaccurately. To avoid suffering harsh penalties, all athletes should take care to ensure that they’re getting their CBD products from a trusted source and taking the appropriate dosage.

Due to the strict regulations against THC for most governing sports bodies, and the associated drug testing involved, it would be safest to stick to broad spectrum CBD or CBD isolate rather than full spectrum CBD products.


Key Takeaways

  • CBD is a growing trend within the sports and athletics community to help with mental focus, physical training and recovery.
  • CBD can help athletes manage their anxiety, which will consequently lead to better performance and recovery.
  • CBD can be a natural, safe, and effective alternative for athletes to manage pain, inflammation and injuries.
  • The World Anti-Doping and U.S. Anti-Doping Agencies have removed hemp-derived CBD from its list of prohibited substances, but athletes should check with their individual sports organizations.
  • THC and marijuana-derived CBD is still prohibited and care should be taken to choose a reputable products to ensure you stay within regulations.
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10 Things to Look For When Buying CBD Oil

Thinking of trying CBD?  Buying CBD for the first time can be confusing and overwhelming.  We’ve written a Beginners Guide to CBD which helps give an overview… but when you’re ready to take the next step, how do you know where to buy CBD hemp oil and how can you tell if it’s a quality product?

In this guide, we’ll go over 10 things to look for when buying CBD.

1. Where Should I Buy CBD Oil?

As we’ve covered before, you should NOT buy CBD oil on Amazon.  Amazon prohibits CBD on their platform so most of the “hemp” products that come up on a search for CBD oil are most likely made with hemp seed oil, which does not contain any significant amount of CBD, if at all.  

Also, vape shops and gas stations are not the best resources for high quality CBD.  These establishments are focused on cheap, low quality products that are meant to move quickly.  Just think, would you buy a high end skincare product at your local gas station convenience store?

Look for a reputable CBD company that focuses on high quality products and that promotes health and wellness as their primary goal.

2. Where is the Hemp Grown?

When buying CBD Oil, you’ll want to know the source from where the hemp was harvested.  Make sure to seek companies that use hemp grown in the USA under strict agricultural guidelines.

Unfortunately, due to the unregulated state of the industry, a lot of companies are importing hemp from other parts of the world that may contain pesticides, harsh chemicals, synthetics or other contaminated materials in their biomass.

3. How is the Hemp Grown?… Is it Organic?

Hemp is a very hardy plant, thus it does not require much to help it grow.  Hemp is a sustainable resource that grows in a variety of climates and soil types, and is naturally resistant to most pests. Look for companies that use organically grown hemp.

Note about organic certification: Although hemp can be grown organically, organic certification is regulated by the USDA. Even though the 2018 US Farm Bill has made hemp and hemp-derived products federally legal, the USDA has not begun issuing organic certifications to any hemp farms as of this writing.

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4. How Much CBD is in the Product?

Make sure you read the labels carefully when buying CBD oil.  You should see clearly listed how much CBD (Cannabidiol) is in the entire bottle/jar, as well as how much CBD there is per serving. 

If the ingredients only list “hemp extract” or “hemp oil” or something similarly vague, you should be suspicious as this does not indicate how much actual CBD, if any, is in the product.

5. How is the CBD Extracted?

There are several methods of extracting CBD from hemp.  CO2 Extraction process is the optimal method as it maintains the purity and integrity of the cannabinoids and terpenes without introducing any solvents or harsh chemicals.

6. What Part of the Plant is the CBD Extracted From?

As mentioned above, hemp seeds do not contain any significant amounts of CBD, so make sure the CBD comes from the flowers, leaves and stalk of the hemp plant.  Look for “whole plant” extracts, which is referred to as either full spectrum or broad spectrum (see next point).

7. What Kind of CBD Oil Is It? (And Does it Contain THC?)

There are many formats for consuming CBD from tinctures to topicals to edibles. Which one you buy will depend on your goals of why you’re using it, as well as your personal preference on how you’d like to incorporate CBD into your daily routine.

Aside from the format, the three main types of CBD oils you can buy indicate the concentration and ratio of CBD vs THC as well as other cannabinoids and terpenes found in hemp.

Full Spectrum CBD

Full Spectrum is a whole plant hemp extract that includes all of the cannabinoids (including trace amounts of THC), terpenes and other beneficial compounds in hemp.

Broad Spectrum CBD

Broad spectrum CBD is also a whole plant hemp extract similar to full spectrum, but with the THC removed.

CBD Isolate

CBD isolate contains only 99.9% CBD and no other compounds from the hemp plant

To read more about the differences, as well as the pros and cons of each spectrum, read our article on Full Spectrum CBD vs Broad Spectrum CBD vs CBD Isolate.

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8. What Other Ingredients are in the CBD Oil?

We believe that it’s always best to consume products that contain ingredients as close to their natural unaltered state as possible.  Look for CBD products that do not contain fillers, synthetic cannabinoids or other artificial ingredients.

9. Is the CBD Oil 3rd Party Tested?

Since there is currently no FDA regulation on CBD products, you should make sure to buy CBD oil from a company that can provide 3rd party lab tests which verifies the potency of cannabinoids and terpenes, as well as the safety of the products, making sure they do not contain pesticides or other harsh chemicals.

Ideally, CBD companies should make their lab tests readily available on their website.

10. Is it a Reputable Company Who Gives Back?

We like to support companies that provide value to the consumer, not just sell products.  We also believe in the golden rule and treat others the way we would expect to be treated.

When buying CBD oil, research the company and its founders to determine if there is transparency in their massage.  Do they provide helpful information and education to their customers, rather than making wild, unsubstantiated claims? Do they have positive online reviews?

Lastly, does the company give back to the community? Great customer service should always be expected, but do they go beyond that and contribute to others outside of their customer base?


11. Bonus Tip: What About Price?

Notice we did not include price as a main factor in our list of what to look for when buying CBD Oil.  That being said, price is definitely part of comparing products from reputable sources where all else is equal.

Some companies are unnecessarily overcharging for CBD products based on their brand recognition.  The opposite extreme is also true… watch out for unusually low prices. Keep in mind the old adage that states “you get what you pay for”. 

Look for pricing between $0.10 – $0.15 per mg of CBD, give or take.

Hopefully these tips will help you feel more confident when you’re ready to buy CBD oil and to ensure you’re receiving a quality product that will help you in your journey to better health and wellness.

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4 Tips for Cooking With CBD (Plus 2 CBD Recipes!)

CBD derived from hemp is being increasingly used for its therapeutic properties, whether it’s as a health supplement, or as a treatment method for many conditions. Despite its many well-known health benefits, hemp’s natural taste may not appeal to everybody. Fortunately, cooking with CBD hemp oil can be a method to help mask its flavor. 

While taking CBD hemp oil sublingually is optimal for absorption and bioavailability, let’s go over some of the ways that CBD can be used in cooking, as well as why it can be a great ingredient to add to your favorite dishes.

Scroll to the end to see our 2 top picks for CBD recipes!

Why Cooking with CBD is Beneficial

CBD provides numerous health benefits on its own, but these effects can be amplified or made more efficient when added to food. Many of the vegetables, herbs, and spices that are used in dishes have their own therapeutic properties, and hemp-derived CBD can either work in tandem or in synergy with these effects. 

In addition, meals high in fat allow for optimal absorption of CBD by the body. CBD is water insoluble, but it is highly lipophilic, meaning it can be easily infused with fats and oils. A recent study conducted by the University of Minnesota found that epileptic patients who ate a high-fat meal prior to taking CBD were able to metabolize it much quicker than patients who fasted. This finding is highly important, as it demonstrates that fats allow for the benefits of CBD to be realized most effectively.

Lastly, many people feel that hemp’s earthy taste is a bit strong, so incorporating it into meals can make it much more palatable. The most popular recipes that include CBD hemp oil are sweets and desserts such as cookies, shakes, and lattes, but savory foods such as soups and pastas can mask hemp’s strong flavor just as well.

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Tips for Cooking with CBD

1. Use the Right Serving Size

It might seem tempting to use large amounts of CBD while cooking, but simply adding more can increase the chance of adverse side effects, as well as possibly ruining the taste of the food. As we’ve covered before in our article “How Much CBD Oil Should I take”… everybody reacts differently to CBD, so it’s best to start with smaller doses and go from there. 

2. Eat on a Schedule

The benefits of a CBD-infused meal are best enjoyed on a set schedule. If you have trouble sleeping, try using it in a light snack before you go to bed, or if you experience pain that routinely flares up in the evening, add CBD to your dish at lunch. Knowing when you’d like to reap the benefits of CBD can help you plan when to prepare it in a meal. Adding CBD to your morning coffee is another popular method for incorporating CBD into your daily routine.

3. Avoid Excessive Temperatures

Exposing CBD to direct heat can denature it, which will cause it to lose its potency. CBD tends to evaporate between 320-350 degrees Fahrenheit, so the temperature should not exceed these limits if you want to get CBD’s full benefits. A solution is to add CBD to food after it has been cooked, or to use it as salad dressing or mix it into spreads such as guacamole.

4. Incorporate Healthy Oils and Fats

As mentioned before, fat helps the body more readily absorb CBD, making it more effective. Low-fat meals may not provide the same benefits of a high-fat meal, so it would be ideal to incorporate healthy fats and oils wherever possible. Try to keep saturated fats from meat and dairy at a minimum, and instead opt for healthy vegetable oils, seeds, and nuts.


Two CBD Recipes to Try

CBD Infused Gluten-Free Chocolate Chip Cookies
(from glutenfreefollowme.com)

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Chocolate chip cookies are a particularly good dessert to make with CBD for a number of reasons. 

For one, the sweetness of the sugar and chocolate can mask the bitter taste of the CBD oil, or you can choose Tessera Naturals mint flavored CBD tinctures and add a hint of peppermint flavor to your cookies!

Secondly, the butter will encourage maximum absorption of CBD by the body. Furthermore, cocoa works great in tandem with CBD. Cocoa is a healthy source of fat, and is high in magnesium, which can help ease muscle tension. When combined with the anti-inflammatory and pain relieving effects of CBD, it can provide potent relief for cramps and other muscle pains. 

However, it is worth noting again that baking at high temperatures will cause some of the CBD to evaporate and lose its potency.

CBD Pizza
(from fodmapeveryday.com)

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CBD can even be added to one of America’s most popular savory dishes… Pizza!

Pizza contains plenty of strong ingredients that can mask or complement the flavor of CBD, as well as plenty of oils and fats to help with CBD’s bioavailability. 

This particular recipe also happens to use fresh, healthy, and all-natural ingredients. Instead of cooking the CBD oil directly into the recipe, it is applied right before serving. This is done to preserve the oil’s potency, and the dose can easily be adjusted depending on what you’re aiming for.

We love making homemade pizza, and the possibilities are truly endless when it comes to toppings, so now you can add CBD to your toppings list and make your pizza even healthier!

5 Common Myths About CBD (Part 2)

Does CBD oil have side effects? Is CBD safe for children? Will CBD show up on a drug test?

Continued from Part 1, we’re going to clarify five more of the common misconceptions about CBD that will aid both new and veteran consumers alike.

1. CBD Oil Has No Side Effects

Due to not being psychoactive like THC, along with its many well-known therapeutic benefits, there is the misconception that CBD oil has no negative side effects. While hemp-derived CBD is not addictive, is non-toxic, and is well-tolerated by most humans, CBD can still have some side effects that range from mildly unpleasant to potentially dangerous.

The most common side effects for particularly high doses of CBD include nausea and vomiting, fatigue, diarrhea, dizziness, and loss of appetite. However, of more concern is that CBD has been shown to inhibit the Cytochrome P450 enzymes’ ability to metabolize certain drugs and can reduce their absorption and elimination. This inhibiting effect is also seen when ingesting grapefruit or grapefruit juice.

The bottom line is that no two people will react the same way to CBD, the severity of side effects depends on dosage, and unfortunately there is currently no regulation for CBD dosing. Avoiding negative side effects comes down to choosing high quality products and taking the most effective dose amount for each individual.

2. All CBD is the Same

Like many other naturally-derived products, not all CBD is created equal. There are three main types of CBD, all of which differ in chemical content, intended use, and target audience. These variations are: Full Spectrum CBD, Broad Spectrum CBD, and CBD Isolate.

Full Spectrum CBD is derived from the entirety of cannabis hemp plant, and thus contains the full range of cannabinoids (including trace amounts of THC), terpenes, and other naturally occurring compounds. Full Spectrum CBD requires minimal processing, and can provide all the benefits of the cannabis plant, but it can be unpleasant for those who are sensitive to THC.

Broad Spectrum CBD contains all of the natural compounds of hemp much like full spectrum CBD, but minus the THC. It can be a good option for those who want to enjoy CBD without any of the intoxicating effects from THC. 

CBD Isolate consists solely of purified CBD, with no other cannabinoids or terpenes found in hemp. It is tasteless and odorless, but contains none of the other beneficial compounds in the cannabis plant.

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Additionally, CBD products differ when it comes to the source and quality of hemp it is derived from, as well as processing methodologies. Fully organic hemp from trusted suppliers will be of much higher quality than hemp grown with pesticides and/or harsh chemicals.  CO2 extraction process is best when extracting CBD oil from hemp in order to ensure purity and safety of your CBD oil while minimizing side effects.

3. Less is More with CBD

While it is true that even small amounts of CBD can be very effective, smaller doses are not necessarily better or more desirable as some have suggested. As we’ve mentioned before, an effective dose of CBD depends on a variety of factors (weight, genetics, metabolism, type of CBD hemp oil, etc.), and not everyone will respond in the same way to the same dose.

Furthermore, high and low doses produce different, often opposing effects. At low doses, CBD is generally a stimulant, while higher doses have sedative effects. More specifically, higher doses of CBD can significantly lower pulse rate making it a potent sedative and anxiety reliever. People who want to enjoy the calming effects of CBD would thus aim for higher doses.

It is apparent then, that the dosage of CBD depends largely on desired effects and individual differences.

4. CBD Isn’t Safe for Children

Given the general stigma on marijuana use among the population’s youth, it should come as no surprise that some people believe CBD to be unsafe for children. However, hemp-derived CBD differs greatly from marijuana and cannot be compared in the same way. CBD is non-addictive, and does not produce the “high” such as from smoking marijuana, so it will not lead to any impairment or dependency issues.

CBD has also proven to be a safe and effective treatment method for children suffering from chronic diseases. In one study, participants (mostly children) with treatment-resistant epilepsy were given 2-50 mg of CBD orally for an average of 48 weeks. CBD oil was well tolerated, with side effects being mild, and it was reported to be responsible for a 48% reduction in total seizures. 

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Furthermore, the CBD drug approved by the FDA (Epidiolex) is used for the treatment of seizures associated with two rare and severe forms of epilepsy in patients two years of age and older.

So, not only is CBD not harmful to children, it is also a highly valuable treatment option that can drastically improve the quality of their lives for those suffering from certain conditions. As always, we advise you speak to your pediatrician before introducing any treatment for your child.

5. CBD Won’t Show Up on a Drug Test

Since most drug tests check for THC, CBD alone is unlikely to yield a positive result. However, some CBD products (such as Full Spectrum CBD) contain small amounts of THC naturally present in hemp, which could possibly show up on a drug test.

Whether or not you fail a drug test also depends on how much CBD is used and how fast your body metabolizes it. It also depends on what kind of drug test is administered.

Broad Spectrum or Isolate CBD products are generally safe to use without fear of failing a drug test since they do not contain THC, but it is important to ensure that they come from a trustworthy source.

Many CBD products are mislabeled or have been subjected to cross-contamination, leading to higher amounts of THC than reported. In addition to reading a product’s specifications, it is important to check that the overall CBD/THC content has been confirmed by a third party lab report.


Key Takeaways

  • CBD hemp oil may contain side effects, or can interfere with prescription medications.
  • All CBD is not created equal. There are various types of hemp extracts, as well as quality and processing differences.
  • Less is not necessarily more. CBD dosage depends on desired effects and individual differences.
  • CBD is not harmful to children and shows promise for various conditions that effect children.
  • CBD may show up on a drug test depending on the THC content as well as testing methodology.

5 Common Myths About CBD (Part 1)

With so much “buzz” around hemp and CBD these days, there is a lot of confusion around it and many consumers are left with incorrect misconceptions about whether CBD is legal, what CBD actually does, or where CBD comes from.

In this two-part series, we’ll go over some of the most common falsehoods around CBD and hopefully clarify the myths that we hear almost daily. If you’re brand new to CBD, you should start with our Beginner’s Guide to CBD.

So here we go…

1. CBD Is Just Marijuana

Saying CBD is just marijuana is like saying calcium is just cows.

CBD is a chemical compound and marijuana is a plant.  While CBD can surely be extracted from marijuana, the majority of CBD products you see on the market are extracted from hemp, which is a different strain of the cannabis plant than marijuana.

The confusion stems from the fact that hemp and marijuana are very similar in terms of physical appearance, taste and smell.  The main difference between hemp and marijuana lies in their chemical makeup.  Marijuana contains significant levels of THC (the compound responsible for its intoxicating effects), while hemp contains only trace amounts.

Therefore, marijuana is more associated with recreational use while CBD (from hemp) is more associated with therapeutic purposes. 

That being said, THC has many therapeutic benefits of its own, and when combined with CBD, they can be a powerhouse treatment for many serious conditions and ailments due to the entourage effect.

2. CBD Makes You High

Since CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant, many people assume it will get you “high” just like recreational marijuana. However, CBD does not produce a euphoric high or psychoactive effects.

Our body has an endocannabinoid system (ECS) that helps regulate functions such as sleep, immune-system response, and pain sensitivity.  Our ECS receives signals from cannabinoids, which can be produced internally (endocannabinoids) or they can come from plants (phytocannabinoids).

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THC is the cannabinoid that affects the ECS receptors and activates the brain’s reward system, producing excess pleasure chemicals such as dopamine, leading to mental impairment or intoxication.

Alternatively, CBD influences the body to use its own internal cannabinoids more efficiently, either by inhibiting or stimulating other cannabinoids in the ECS, promoting homeostasis and balance throughout the body. This helps regulate our sleep patterns, mood, pain sensitivity and immune response, but it won’t get you high… sorry.

3. CBD Doesn’t Work

Because of the lack of FDA regulation on CBD, companies are not legally allowed to make any claims that CBD cures or treats any diseases, and rightly so.  However, in 2018 the FDA approved the first ever CBD derived drug (Epidiolex) to treat two rare forms of epilepsy called Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome and Dravet Syndrome, which debunks the fallacy that CBD is not effective.

In recent years, there have been countless credible studies on hemp-derived CBD as well as other cannabis derived compounds in the treatment of many conditions and ailments.  A search for “cannabidiol” on the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) website will yield thousands of results, with the list growing daily.

Besides clinical and scientific studies, there is now way too much anecdotal evidence of lives being changed by CBD and other cannabis derived compounds.  People all over the world are discovering this natural alternative treatment to traditional prescription medications and hopefully the FDA will soon step in and create formal guidelines and criteria for what can be said about CBD and its effects.

There are many different factors involved in how CBD will work for you, including how much CBD you should take, what kind of CBD you’re taking and where you’re getting your CBD. If you’ve tried CBD and it hasn’t worked for you, there can be several reasons why.

4. CBD Is a Cure-all

Due to the surge in popularity of CBD in recent years, there is the opposite spectrum of whether CBD is effective or not. Many people believe CBD is a miracle cure-all and a quick treatment that will fix everything with no side effects.  In reality, each individual has their own genetic make up, their own conditions and symptoms they are suffering from, as well as their own habits and lifestyles.

Our endocannabinoid system is like our fingerprints, no one has the exact same structure, and one person’s ECS deficiencies are not equal to anyone else’s. Unfortunately, because everyone is different, no treatment works for everyone all the time.

Some CBD manufacturers have come under FDA scrutiny for wild, unconfirmed claims of CBD being a cure-all for cancer and other conditions. While CBD may prove to be a viable option for managing anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain, additional research as well as FDA regulation is needed in order to derive a comprehensive lists of conditions it can treat.

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5. CBD is illegal

While CBD is readily available in most parts of the US, its exact legal status is still in flux.

CBD has always been lumped in with THC/marijuana as a controlled substance until the recent passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, which reclassified hemp as an agricultural product, thus deeming CBD derived from hemp federally legal in the US (as long as it contains less than 0.3% THC).

Even if you make sure that your CBD comes from hemp, some federal agencies and some state laws are not in line with federal regulations.

The FDA has also stated that a CBD product cannot be considered a “dietary supplement” or “food additive” because it has been “authorized for investigation as a new drug…” meaning the drug Epidiolex.

It will take some time for all the regulatory agencies (FDA, DEA, USDA, etc.) to get in sync with a consolidated message, as well as state laws that regulate hemp and medicinal marijuana. Each person will need to determine if CBD products are legal in a specific state and should become familiar with their local cannabis laws.

Marijuana, and CBD derived from marijuana, is still federally illegal in the US.


Key Takeaways

  • CBD is not marijuana, CBD is a chemical compound which can be derived from either marijuana or hemp.
  • CBD does not make you high.
  • There are many studies confirming the growing list of conditions and symptoms CBD can help with.
  • CBD is not a panacea solution or remedy for all conditions or diseases.
  • The legal status of CBD is still a grey area, depending on the local laws of the state you live in.

How Much CBD Should I Take? [VIDEO]

In this video, co-founder of Tessera Naturals, Jason Cohen, goes over one of the most frequently ask questions we receive from CBD beginners… How much CBD should I take as a beginner?

Visit our free CBD Dosage Calculator for a starting recommendation based on weight, condition and severity.

To read our blog article on how much CBD oil you should take, and the factors that can affect dosage, read How Much CBD Oil Should I Take?

For a more in-depth look at the types of CBD, methods for taking CBD, and determining CBD dosage… read our Beginner’s Guide to CBD.

Video Transcript:

Hey guys just wanted to pop on here real quick and answer a question I recently got, actually it’s a pretty frequently asked question in terms of how much CBD you should take as a beginner, so…

Unfortunately there really isn’t a straight answer because it’s different for everyone, it depends on a lot of different factors, your weight, your metabolism, your genetics, what you’re suffering from, if you’re suffering from ailments that’s causing chronic pain, or maybe you’re just having a few little bouts of insomnia, or just anxiety, things like that, so it all depends

And it’s also kind of like caffeine, you know some people are just more sensitive than others, some people can drink pots and pots of coffee all day and be fine, other people can drink a cup of coffee in the afternoon and they won’t sleep all night, so it just depends on that

So our advice is start low, that means maybe try 5, 10, maybe 15 milligrams in a day and see how you react, see how you feel and if you’re not getting much response, maybe slowly increase from there over the next few days until you find the right optimal dose for you, because it’s gonna be different for everyone

Alright so hopefully that helps, but in a recap just start low and slowly increase from there until you find your dose, alright hope that helps, see ya

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What’s the Difference Between Hemp and Marijuana?

Hemp and marijuana are closely related and the terms are often used interchangeably, and despite having a practically identical physical appearance, there are key differences between the two. Properly distinguishing the difference between hemp and marijuana requires an examination of the types of cannabis, their chemical profile, their uses and legality.

Types of Cannabis Plants

There are three main cannabis subspecies that differ in physical and chemical characteristics. 

Cannabis Sativa plants are tall, have narrow leaflets, and generally produce low levels of THC. 

Cannabis Indica plants are typically shorter, have both wide and narrow leaflet variations, and have high to moderate amounts of THC.

Cannabis Ruderalis plants are essentially wild cannabis variations that are only 1-2 feet tall, have short flowering periods, and produce minimal amounts of THC.

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Differences Between Hemp and Marijuana

Most hemp used for industrial purposes is derived from the cannabis sativa plant. Originally cultivated in China, industrial hemp is utilized for a myriad of purposes around the world. Hemp is one of the oldest and most widely-used forms of cannabis.

Marijuana strains are typically referred to as either “sativa” or “indica” depending on their effects, but most marijuana is actually derived from variations of the cannabis indica plant.

Chemical Profile

Hemp and marijuana are both derived from the cannabis plant, but each has unique genetics and its own chemical profile. 

Hemp typically has lower amounts of resin than marijuana, but the main distinguishing characteristic is its lower THC content. Hemp contains less than 0.3% THC, while marijuana contains 10-30% THC on average.

Usage

Hemp fibers are used in fabrics and textiles, yarns, paper, carpeting, and even furniture, while hemp seeds and hemp seed oil are used as ingredients in food and beverages.

According to the U.S. government, cannabis is designated “marijuana” if it is used as a recreational drug or for therapeutic purposes and contains more than 0.3% THC. By this definition, any cannabis product that produces a psychoactive effect is considered marijuana.

Legality

Furthermore, hemp and marijuana both differ in how they are treated legally. Since both are derived from the cannabis plant and are hard to distinguish visually, hemp and marijuana were both considered controlled substances until recently. 

Since the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp has been reclassified as an agricultural product, and is legal under certain restrictions. 

The U.S. government defines hemp as cannabis with less than .3% THC content, and any product exceeding that threshold is deemed illegal. A primary reason for this change in legality was that industrial hemp is very promising for both the agriculture industry and for consumers.

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What about CBD?

CBD (cannabidiol) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid present in the cannabis plant, and the second most abundant cannabinoid. CBD has been shown to reduce or amplify the effects of THC, but it also provides numerous benefits on its own. It has proved effective in treating pain, inflammation, anxiety, and a wide range of psychiatric disorders with little to no side effects.

CBD is present in both hemp and marijuana, but it can exist in particularly higher amounts within hemp, with the THC content being less than 0.3%.  

CBD derived from hemp is considered legal according to the 2018 Farm Bill, while CBD derived from marijuana is still considered illegal.

Furthermore, CBD derived from marijuana will trigger a positive result on a drug test due to the higher THC content, while CBD derived from hemp should not be detected on a drug test.


Key Takeaways

  • There are three strains of cannabis plants; Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis
  • Hemp and marijuana come from the same plant and are closely related, but there are differences in their chemical makeup, uses and legal treatment.
  • The key difference is that hemp contains less than 0.3% THC, while marijuana contains 10-30% THC.
  • CBD can be derived from both hemp and marijuana, but only hemp-derived CBD is legal in the US.
  • CBD derived from hemp should not show up on a drug test due to the low/no THC content.

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