How Much CBD Should I Take? [VIDEO]

In this video, co-founder of Tessera Naturals, Jason Cohen, goes over one of the most frequently ask questions we receive from CBD beginners… How much CBD should I take as a beginner?

Visit our free CBD Dosage Calculator for a starting recommendation based on weight, condition and severity.

To read our blog article on how much CBD oil you should take, and the factors that can affect dosage, read How Much CBD Oil Should I Take?

For a more in-depth look at the types of CBD, methods for taking CBD, and determining CBD dosage… read our Beginner’s Guide to CBD.

Video Transcript:

Hey guys just wanted to pop on here real quick and answer a question I recently got, actually it’s a pretty frequently asked question in terms of how much CBD you should take as a beginner, so…

Unfortunately there really isn’t a straight answer because it’s different for everyone, it depends on a lot of different factors, your weight, your metabolism, your genetics, what you’re suffering from, if you’re suffering from ailments that’s causing chronic pain, or maybe you’re just having a few little bouts of insomnia, or just anxiety, things like that, so it all depends

And it’s also kind of like caffeine, you know some people are just more sensitive than others, some people can drink pots and pots of coffee all day and be fine, other people can drink a cup of coffee in the afternoon and they won’t sleep all night, so it just depends on that

So our advice is start low, that means maybe try 5, 10, maybe 15 milligrams in a day and see how you react, see how you feel and if you’re not getting much response, maybe slowly increase from there over the next few days until you find the right optimal dose for you, because it’s gonna be different for everyone

Alright so hopefully that helps, but in a recap just start low and slowly increase from there until you find your dose, alright hope that helps, see ya

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What’s the Difference Between Hemp and Marijuana?

Hemp and marijuana are closely related and the terms are often used interchangeably, and despite having a practically identical physical appearance, there are key differences between the two. Properly distinguishing the difference between hemp and marijuana requires an examination of the types of cannabis, their chemical profile, their uses and legality.

Types of Cannabis Plants

There are three main cannabis subspecies that differ in physical and chemical characteristics. 

Cannabis Sativa plants are tall, have narrow leaflets, and generally produce low levels of THC. 

Cannabis Indica plants are typically shorter, have both wide and narrow leaflet variations, and have high to moderate amounts of THC.

Cannabis Ruderalis plants are essentially wild cannabis variations that are only 1-2 feet tall, have short flowering periods, and produce minimal amounts of THC.

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Differences Between Hemp and Marijuana

Most hemp used for industrial purposes is derived from the cannabis sativa plant. Originally cultivated in China, industrial hemp is utilized for a myriad of purposes around the world. Hemp is one of the oldest and most widely-used forms of cannabis.

Marijuana strains are typically referred to as either “sativa” or “indica” depending on their effects, but most marijuana is actually derived from variations of the cannabis indica plant.

Chemical Profile

Hemp and marijuana are both derived from the cannabis plant, but each has unique genetics and its own chemical profile. 

Hemp typically has lower amounts of resin than marijuana, but the main distinguishing characteristic is its lower THC content. Hemp contains less than 0.3% THC, while marijuana contains 10-30% THC on average.


Hemp fibers are used in fabrics and textiles, yarns, paper, carpeting, and even furniture, while hemp seeds and hemp seed oil are used as ingredients in food and beverages.

According to the U.S. government, cannabis is designated “marijuana” if it is used as a recreational drug or for therapeutic purposes and contains more than 0.3% THC. By this definition, any cannabis product that produces a psychoactive effect is considered marijuana.


Furthermore, hemp and marijuana both differ in how they are treated legally. Since both are derived from the cannabis plant and are hard to distinguish visually, hemp and marijuana were both considered controlled substances until recently. 

Since the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp has been reclassified as an agricultural product, and is legal under certain restrictions. 

The U.S. government defines hemp as cannabis with less than .3% THC content, and any product exceeding that threshold is deemed illegal. A primary reason for this change in legality was that industrial hemp is very promising for both the agriculture industry and for consumers.

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What about CBD?

CBD (cannabidiol) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid present in the cannabis plant, and the second most abundant cannabinoid. CBD has been shown to reduce or amplify the effects of THC, but it also provides numerous benefits on its own. It has proved effective in treating pain, inflammation, anxiety, and a wide range of psychiatric disorders with little to no side effects.

CBD is present in both hemp and marijuana, but it can exist in particularly higher amounts within hemp, with the THC content being less than 0.3%.  

CBD derived from hemp is considered legal according to the 2018 Farm Bill, while CBD derived from marijuana is still considered illegal.

Furthermore, CBD derived from marijuana will trigger a positive result on a drug test due to the higher THC content, while CBD derived from hemp should not be detected on a drug test.

Key Takeaways

  • There are three strains of cannabis plants; Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis
  • Hemp and marijuana come from the same plant and are closely related, but there are differences in their chemical makeup, uses and legal treatment.
  • The key difference is that hemp contains less than 0.3% THC, while marijuana contains 10-30% THC.
  • CBD can be derived from both hemp and marijuana, but only hemp-derived CBD is legal in the US.
  • CBD derived from hemp should not show up on a drug test due to the low/no THC content.

Can You Mix CBD Oil and Alcohol?

CBD-Infused Cocktails… It’s a Thing Now!

CBD-infused cocktails have recently become a hot new trend in the craft cocktail world. Due to its lack of psychoactive effects, CBD is the preferred cannabinoid when it comes to mixing with alcoholic drinks. A typical CBD-infused cocktail contains about 5-15 mg of CBD per drink. Many people are wondering about the effects and repercussions when you mix CBD oil and alcohol.

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Tessera Naturals CBD-infused Old Fashioned Recipe:
– 2oz Bourbon or Rye Whiskey
– 1 tsp Simple Syrup or Sugar
– 2 Dashes Angostura Bitters
– 1 ML Tessera Naturals CBD oil

While CBD is still not entirely legal as a food supplement according to the FDA, CBD-infused cocktails have been gaining popularity throughout bars in the United States. People are even making their own CBD-infused cocktails at home and finding other creative ways of incorporating CBD into their routines

Non-flavored CBD hemp oil has a very earthy, plant-like taste, so it is usually mixed with stronger-flavored cocktails to avoid being overwhelming. However, CBD is primarily added to these cocktails because of its health benefits, but are they actually present when mixed with alcohol?

What is CBD?

CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid present in the cannabis plant, and is the second most prevalent cannabinoid behind THC. Moreover, CBD has been shown to exhibit a number of therapeutic effects, making it a promising treatment option for many afflictions such as pain, anxiety, epilepsy, schizophrenia, and inflammation. 

CBD’s many benefits, along with its lack of psychotropic effects, have caused it to become increasingly popular among medicinal cannabis users as well as the general public, and have prompted researchers to learn more about the benefits this cannabinoid has to offer. 

What Are The Effects of Mixing CBD Oil and Alcohol

As of right now, there has been limited research studying the synergistic effects of CBD and alcohol. It is clear that adding CBD to alcohol doesn’t reduce alcohol’s usual intoxication or impairment, but it is yet to be seen whether one accentuates or reduces the others’ effects. 

Since both alcohol and CBD are known to induce relaxation and reduce anxiety, it can be assumed that their effects are amplified when used in tandem. Anecdotally, people who have tried CBD-infused cocktails reported that they experienced a unique “buzz” that differs from usual alcohol consumption, so this amplifying effect could be true to an extent. 

Is it Safe To Mix CBD Oil and Alcohol?

Alcohol is known to cause physical and mental impairment, but it is currently unclear as to whether or not CBD hemp oil accentuates these effects enough to cause concern. Not enough up-to-date research has been conducted on how CBD and alcohol interact.

There are, however, no reported instances showing that mixing CBD oil and alcohol is unsafe, so drinking CBD-infused alcohol should have little to no adverse effects if done responsibly and in moderation.

Can CBD Reduce the Negative Effects of Alcohol?

Chronic alcohol use and binge drinking can cause a number of negative effects on one’s health, both immediate and long-term. CBD may potentially reduce these negative effects, either by using it on its own or by mixing it with alcoholic drinks.

Studies in mice have suggested that CBD can treat liver diseases caused by alcohol, which has influenced researchers to push for human trials. In one study, CBD drastically reduced the amount of inflammation, oxidative stress, and fat accumulation in the liver. These benefits make hemp-derived CBD a promising treatment for alcoholism, for which other effective solutions are rather limited. 

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Furthermore, CBD and the endocannabinoid system could play an important role in the development of substance abuse disorders and alcohol tolerance. Studies have suggested that the endocannabinoid system is largely responsible for regulating the brain’s reward signaling processes. 

CBD is a non-rewarding substance, and has been shown to inhibit the brain’s reception of addictive substances. It is possible that this inhibiting function could occur before, during, or after alcohol consumption, so CBD use has the potential to drastically reduce the risk of alcohol dependence.

Can CBD Help With hangovers?

Lastly, using CBD or drinking CBD-infused alcohol may help reduce the unpleasant effects of a hangover. CBD has been shown to effectively relieve nausea and headaches, and using it while experiencing a hangover may provide some relief from alcohol’s negative effects. 

In fact, the primary intention of many CBD-infused cocktails is to allow people to enjoy the euphoria and relaxation experienced from drinking, without the accompanying nausea, headache, and gastrointestinal distress.

Key Takeaways

  • CBD-infused cocktails have become a popular trend through the US
  • Some people what have tried CBD-infused cocktails have reported a unique “buzz”, different than typical alcohol consumption.
  • There have been no reported instances showing that mixing CBD and alcohol is unsafe.
  • CBD may reduce inflammation, oxidative stress, and fat accumulation in the liver due to alcohol consumption.
  • CBD can potentially reduce the risk of alcohol dependence and substance abuse behaviors.
  • CBD may help reduce the symptoms from hangovers.

Will CBD Oil Show Up On A Drug Test?

One of the most frequently asked questions, and biggest fears, people have when considering CBD for the first time is “Will CBD oil show up on a drug test?” For some people, particularly if their job depends on it, failing a drug test can have serious ramifications.

Drug tests typically only look for THC, which is the chemical compound in cannabis that makes you “high”.  So in short, CBD derived from hemp should not make you fail a drug test. However, some CBD products do contain amounts of THC.

You may have heard that CBD can be converted to THC by your stomach acids, but a 2017 study has since debunked that myth.

Where Does CBD Come From?

CBD Oil is one of the 100+ chemical compounds present in the cannabis plant.  CBD can be extracted from either marijuana or hemp. This is a central issue that has caused much confusion in the industry and can determine whether or not CBD oil will show up on a drug test.

What’s the Difference Between Marijuana and Hemp?

Both marijuana and hemp are varieties of the cannabis sativa plant.  They generally look and smell the same, but their chemical makeup is different.  The main difference is that marijuana typically contains 5 to 20% THC, while hemp contains only trace amounts of THC (less than 0.3%).

THC is the cannabinoid that makes you high.  So while you can’t get high from hemp, the trace amounts of THC in hemp could be problematic in regards to drug testing.

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Is CBD Legal?

In essence, the legality of CBD depends on whether it’s extracted from marijuana or from hemp. Marijuana has been illegal in the US since 1937, therefore CBD products derived from marijuana are also illegal.  Hemp on the other hand has gone through several legal changes over the last 5 years.  

The 2014 US Farm Bill defined industrial hemp as distinct from marijuana and authorized institutions in certain states to cultivate and conduct hemp research and pilot programs.

With the recent passage of the 2018 US Farm Bill, hemp has been fully legalized on a federal level, which includes hemp derived products such as CBD.  In essence, hemp-derived CBD products are legal in all 50 states, but the exact application of the law is still murky in some areas..

What Type of CBD Products Contain THC?

Besides the source from which the CBD is extracted from (marijuana vs hemp), you’ll also want to consider the type of CBD hemp product you’re consuming.  You’ll need to understand the difference between full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate.

In a nutshell…

Full Spectrum CBD =
Whole plant hemp extract, including trace amounts of THC up to 0.3%

Broad Spectrum CDB =
Whole plant hemp extract, with all THC removed

CBD Isolate =
Contains CBD only, with no other compounds from the hemp plant

As you can see, only full spectrum CBD products contain THC.  Although it only contains tiny amounts which are not enough to have any intoxicating effects, there is a slight chance that it could show up on a drug test.  There are also factors such as your metabolism determining how long CBD stays in your system, how much CBD oil you take and how long you’ve been using it. If you are concerned about failing a drug test, we suggest you DO NOT consume full spectrum CBD products.

All Tessera Naturals products are made with broad spectrum CBD.  Broad spectrum CBD oil begins as a full spectrum extract, but we go one step further and use a purification process which selectively removes the trace amounts of THC from our hemp oil, resulting in a 0% THC product.

Broad spectrum products are generally safe to consume without the risk of failing a drug testing.  That being said, it depends on the testing methods and standards of the lab administering your drug test. 

As mentioned, most labs only search for THC and do not screen for CBD.  While highly unlikely, there may be some testing facilities that check for a spectrum of cannabinoids and could trigger a false positive on a drug test.  This is similar to poppy seeds that can trigger a false positive test for opium. We suggest contacting your lab and asking them about their testing methods.

CBD isolate products do not contain any THC, nor any other cannabinoids, and are practically impossible to trigger a positive drug test.  Unfortunately, consuming CBD isolate products are not as effective as full spectrum or broad spectrum CBD as they do not produce the beneficial “entourage effect” you get from the whole plant extract.

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Quality Matters Whether CBD Oil Will Show Up on a Drug Test

Due to the lack of regulations on the CBD industry, you need to make sure you’re purchasing your CBD products from a reputable source.  Unfortunately, advertised THC levels in some CBD products can be unreliable.  There have been many cases of mislabeling, cross contamination, false claims or flat out deception from some manufacturers regarding the amount of CBD and THC in their products.

Make sure to know whether the CBD products comes from marijuana or hemp.  Read labels and ensure it lists whether it is a full spectrum, broad spectrum or isolate.  Also, look for specific amounts of CBD and THC contained in the product.

Lastly, make sure to review 3rd party lab tests confirming the amount of CBD and how much THC, if any, is in the product.

Note: Our product boxes were printed before the term “broad spectrum” became commonly acceptable and therefore states “full spectrum hemp extract”, but our labels clearly state the amount of CBD in each product, as well as listing 0% THC in the ingredients.  We’ve updated all of our online content to reflect the newer broad spectrum terminology and we will be updating and reprinting our boxes in the near future.

Key Takeaways

  • CBD can be extracted from marijuana or hemp, but marijuana contains significant amounts of THC while hemp only contains up to 0.3% THC.
  • Drug tests only look for THC and do not screen for CBD, but some CBD products contain THC.
  • Full spectrum CBD contains trace amounts of THC, which may show up on a drug test.
  • Broad spectrum CBD and CBD isolate products do not contain any THC and should not show up on a drug test.
  • Read labels and review lab reports to confirm the content of CBD and THC in each product.
  • Do your due diligence to ensure the CBD products you purchase are high quality and from a reputable company.
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How Much CBD Oil Should I Take?

One of the most common questions we receive is “How much CBD oil should I take?”  If you’ve tried hemp CBD but felt a little lost when it comes to dosage, you’re not alone.  Or perhaps you’re interested in trying CBD for the first time but don’t know where to start. Hint: start with our Beginner’s Guide to CBD.

Many people have tried taking CBD and say that “it didn’t work”.  While there are many reasons why CBD may not have worked for them, one of the main issues could be that they did not put enough time or effort into establishing the most effective dose for them.

So, the answer to the questions of how much CBD oil you should I take… well, it depends.

Probably not what you were hoping to hear, but unfortunately CBD dosage does not have a simple straightforward answer as it is influenced by many factors we’ll cover below, and finding the right dose of CBD will take some trial and error.

There is no commonly established standard dose for CBD. Feel free to visit our CBD Dosage Calculator for a starting recommendation based on weight, condition and severity.

So How Much CBD Should I Take?

As mentioned, it will require a bit of experimentation to find the right dose of CBD for you.

We suggest starting with a low dose (10-20 mg of CBD per day) and see how you react.  You can slowly increase the dose over the next few days to find the most effective dose for you and your goals.

Most people stick to somewhere in the 10-80mg of CBD per day in the long run, with higher doses for more sever conditions or “flare ups”.

How Do I Calculate CBD dosage?

When trying to figure out how much CBD oil you should take, it’s important to understand how to calculate dosage in the first place.  

For CBD capsule, CBD pet treats and other edibles, the dosage is clearly listed on the package, just like any other labeled food item or supplement.

CBD tinctures are a bit different as they allow for flexibility. While the basic dose per serving is listed on the label, you can play around with how much CBD to take each time by using a little basic math.

For example, our Tessera Naturals tinctures come in two strengths, 500mg and 1000mg.  If you purchase the 500mg strength, that means there is 500 mgs of CBD in the entire bottle.  The size of the bottle is 30ml. The dropper in the bottle measures 1ml per dose, giving you 30 doses per bottle.  If you divide 500 mgs of CBD by 30 servings, you will get 16.6mg of CBD per serving.  

Like we said, you can be flexible and decide to take only half dropper, which will give you 8.3 mgs of CBD, or even quarter of a dropper, which will dispense 4.2 mgs of CBD.

We’ve created this graphic below which easily shows the different dosages per dropper for both 500mg and 1000mg tinctures.

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Common Factors That Affect CBD Dosage

The Type of CBD you Take

It’s important to understand whether the hemp CBD product is full spectrum, broad spectrum, or a CBD Isolate.  To read more about the difference between the three, see our previous blog article titled Full spectrum CBD vs Broad Spectrum CBD vs CBD Isolate.

The Method of Consuming CBD

There are many formats of consuming CBD.  Whether you use a CBD vape product, a CBD tinctures or consume CBD edibles, they will each offer different levels of absorption and bioavailability, which can be a large factor in dosage. See chart on absorption and bioavailability for different types of CBD products here.

Genetics and Lifestyle

Your genetics and individual chemistry play a huge role in how CBD will affect you. We like to use the analogy that CBD is similar to caffeine in that some people are just more sensitive to caffeine than others and will feel its effects much more while consuming far less.

Your lifestyle also plays a role in how CBD will affect you personally.  These factors can include diet, weight, metabolism, sleep patterns and stress levels.

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Serious Ailments vs General Wellness

Another factor in determining how much CBD you should take, is what you’re taking it for.  Are you suffering from severe chronic pain due to a debilitating condition such as Fibromyalgia or MS? Are you looking for general relaxation or to curb some bouts of anxiety from time to time?  Are you looking for better sleep? Or just seeking to add CBD hemp oil for balance and use it for you daily wellness regimen?  

The Quality of CBD Products

Lastly, the quality of CBD products you purchase will vastly influence the required dosage in order to reap its benefits.  Cheap, low quality hemp and CBD will not have the same attributes of a pure, organic, high quality hemp extract processed using the highest standards.

Can I Take Too Much CBD Oil?

To date, there has not been any reported fatal cases of cannabis related overdoses. A 2017 study confirmed that CBD, taken even in high doses up to 1,500 mg a day, is generally well tolerated by humans.

We suggest speaking with your doctor before introducing CBD (or any new supplement) to make sure it will not cause any complications or adverse drug interactions.

Key Takeaways

  • CBD dosing is not a one-size-fits-all, finding the optimal dose is an individual process that each person must undertake with some trial and error.
  • It’s always best to start with a low dose and slowly increase over time until you’ve found the most effective dose for you. 
  • Read labels and make sure you understand the amount of CBD in the entire package vs calculating the CBD for each dose.
  • Many factors can influence a person’s optimal dose of CBD such as the type of CBD, the method of ingestion, your genetics, lifestyle, goals and the quality of the CBD product itself.
  • Even at extremely high doses, CBD is generally well tolerated by humans.
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Does taking CBD for Migraines work? What About Other Treatments?

Taking CBD for migraines has been getting more attention lately as a safe alternative treatment. With the range of therapeutic benefits that CBD hemp oil provides, it’s no surprise that it is an effective option for alleviating the debilitating pain common with migraines.

CBD is a cannabinoid within the cannabis plant that isn’t psychoactive like its other primary cannabinoid, THC. For this reason, CBD is one of the most common constituents of medical marijuana, and is used to treat symptoms of epilepsy, chronic pain disorders, and inflammation.

Before we go over natural alternative treatments for migraines, and how hemp-derived CBD can help, we first need to understand the nature of migraines.

What is a Migraine?

A migraine is defined as a severe, chronic, and painful headache that usually occurs on one side of the head, often behind or above the eye. The pain may then travel to the eyes, face, and sinuses. The pain experienced from a migraine can range from a mild headache to a throbbing, debilitating pain; unfortunately, most migraine sufferers fall into this latter category.

In addition to the headache, common migraine symptoms include vomiting, dizziness, nausea, double vision, and tunnel vision. Some migraines can be preceded by an aura, or can just occur without warning. Common warning auras include a sudden sensitivity to light or sound, hallucinations, hot flashes, tingling in the limbs, or numbness on one side of the body.

Migraines are far worse than just a bad headache. The fear of having a debilitating migraine can have a severe impact on one’s life, which is why substantial research into migraine treatment is being conducted.

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Statistics on Migraines

Migraines affects 12% of people in the United States, and it is estimated that around 10% of people suffer from them worldwide. Furthermore, 85% of chronic migraine sufferers are women. The peak incidences of migraines occur between the ages of thirty and forty, but children and elders have also been known to suffer from them. Research has suggested that the source of migraines might be genetic. One study found that 70-80% of migraine sufferers have family who also experience migraines.

Research has suggested that migraines might be caused by dilated blood vessels in the brain due to chemical imbalances. This causes the blood vessels to press on neighboring nerves and brain tissue, which in response creates the headache of a migraine. Other than that, not much is known about the neurological or vascular causes of migraines.

2 Tips to Reduce Migraines

The causes of migraines will vary from person to person, and there is now a variety of treatment methods available today that aim to improve migraine sufferers’ quality of life, but avoiding migraines whenever possible can help reduce the frequency and severity of migraines.

Avoid Triggers

Different things trigger different people, so most migraine sufferers work with their doctors to track their migraines and determine what may be causing them. Even though triggering factors will vary, some of them have been widely accepted as affecting most migraine sufferers.

Food such as dairy products, alcoholic drinks, caffeinated and carbonated drinks, processed foods, MSG, and pickled foods have all been shown to trigger migraines in a substantial amount of people. Moreover, certain medications or the flickering of televisions or computer screens have been associated with higher migraine frequency. Migraines can be avoided by limiting or eliminating the intake of these trigger foods, or by reducing the amount of time spent in front of screens.

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Reduce Stress

Stress has been shown to be one of the leading causes of migraine. This is perhaps due to how several different conditions can lead to stress. Stressors such as anger, frustration, and depression are some of the most common migraine triggers, and even getting too much or too little sleep can lead to stress. It is for this reason that migraine sufferers should take as many measures as possible to reduce stress in their lives.

Activities that stimulate or calm the mind such as aerobic exercise, pilates, yoga and meditation have been shown to alleviate the symptoms of migraines. In addition, massages and getting the proper amount of sleep are effective ways of preventing stress-induced migraines.

Other Natural Treatment for Migraines

Prescription and over-the-counter medications are often used to treat migraines, but they often come with unpleasant or even dangerous side effects. Besides CBD (more on that later), there are a number of natural remedies that a migraine sufferer can explore to try and determine which is best for them. Here are some viable alternatives for migraine treatment.

Essential Oils

Essential oils have been used historically to treat a wide range of ailments, including anxiety, insomnia, and headaches. Two particularly useful oils for treating migraines are those made out of lavender and peppermint.

One study conducted a three-month lavender treatment plan for migraine sufferers, and the results showed that the frequency and severity of migraines was significantly reduced. Peppermint is also effective in treating headaches due to its active ingredient menthol. Applying a 10% menthol solution substantially reduced the migraine symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light in one study. The use of essential oils has been confirmed as a safe and effective method for alleviating migraine symptoms.

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Studies have indicated that small amounts of caffeine have been effective in reducing the frequency and intensity of migraines, but on the other hand, excessive caffeine intake has also been known to cause headaches that can trigger migraines. Those who are habitual caffeine drinkers are particularly at risk for caffeine withdrawal migraines.


Acupressure is an alternative therapy in which physical pressure is applied at various points on the body to alleviate symptoms such as pain. In addition to its pain-relieving benefits, acupressure has been shown to be effective in reducing the nausea associated with migraines. Even though research has confirmed acupressure as a viable treatment for migraine, research into acupuncture has yielded inconclusive results.


Ginger has been shown to have numerous health benefits, and is particularly useful for treating nausea without adverse side effects. Furthermore, in a 2011 study, ginger was 24% more effective in eliminating or relieving migraine headaches than a placebo.


Magnesium plays an important role in the body’s nervous, muscle, and immune systems. As a result, magnesium deficiency is associated with many neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease and migraines. Taking magnesium supplements or eating magnesium-rich foods can potentially prevent or reduce the symptoms of migraines.

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Capsaicin is a chemical compound present in chili peppers, and it has been shown to have pain-reducing and desensitizing effects. In one study, all patients who inhaled capsaicin nasally once a day reported a 50-80% improvement in their migraines.

How Can CBD Help For Migraines?

Medical cannabis is used to treat symptoms of several diseases and disorders, but one of its most common uses is for alleviating chronic pain. Cannabis use has been demonstrated to quickly eliminate headaches, making it a promising treatment option for migraines.

In particular, hemp-derived CBD provides several pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory effects, and its anti-inflammatory qualities have been measured to be several hundred times more effective than aspirin. CBD has an effect that’s very similar to capsaicin, but it doesn’t cause an unpleasant burning sensation. In addition, hemp CBD doesn’t have the same psychotropic effects of THC, so its analgesic properties can be enjoyed without any intoxication. CBD’s pain-relieving qualities make it a viable natural treatment option for migraine sufferers.

It has been theorized that migraines could in part be caused by an endocannabinoid deficiency, which could explain why cannabis use has shown to be more helpful than traditional medications. However, more research needs to be done on this topic to yield conclusive evidence of this.

One research study found that migraine frequency and intensity decreased in patients who used medical cannabis. Furthermore, in this same study, cannabis was shown to be effective in both alleviating an active headache and preventing future episodes. The participants of this study reported that they preferred medical cannabis over prescription medications since it was more effective and caused fewer side effects.

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Despite the limited research conducted on CBD oil as a treatment for migraines and headaches, its role in the endocannabinoid system provides undeniable relief. Using CBD during a warning aura may help prevent the occurrence of a migraine, and regular use may drastically reduce them outright. For migraine sufferers today, hemp CBD can be an effective and much safer alternative to prescription medications.

Key Takeaways

  • A migraine is defined as a severe, debilitating headache that can be accompanied by vomiting, dizziness, nausea, double vision, and tunnel vision.
  • Migraines can also cause sensitivity to light or sound, hallucinations, hot flashes, tingling or numbness.
  • Stress, as well as certain foods, medications or flickering screens can be triggers for migraines and should be avoided or eliminated.
  • Alternative natural treatments for migraines can include essential oils, caffeine, acupressure, ginger, magnesium and capsaicin.
  • CBD has been used to treat symptoms of migraines or reduce the frequency of migraines due to its pain relieving and anti-inflammatory properties.


Tessera Naturals topical salve contains 500mgs of CBD as well as Lavender essential oil for a perfect natural remedy against migraines and headaches. Rub some on your temples, sit back, close your eyes and feel the relief.

Tessera Naturals CBD Tinctures contain CBD oil within an organic coconut oil carrier base. Our mint flavor tincture includes organic peppermint essential oil that has been shown to help relieve headaches and migraines.

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CBD Oil for Insomnia and Sleep

Cannabis is becoming increasingly valued for its therapeutic properties as new research continues to emerge. The cannabinoids within the cannabis plant all offer different medicinal effects, with THC and CBD being the most heavily studied. CBD in particular is known for producing a range of therapeutic benefits without the intoxication that comes with THC use.

CBD from hemp is commonly used to treat symptoms from many disorders such as multiple sclerosis, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and epilepsy. In addition, using CBD oil for insomnia is becoming more and more popular due to its relaxing and sedative effects, which makes it a promising alternative treatment for sleep disorders without resorting to prescription drugs.

How Much CBD Oil Should You Take for Insomnia?

Interestingly, CBD has shown to be a stimulant at low doses; while the sedative effects of CBD are mostly present at larger doses. As is common with most anxiety relievers, sedatives, and anticonvulsants, CBD generates its therapeutic effects by decreasing activation of the central nervous system, making the user less alert. 

Furthermore, higher doses of CBD have been shown to significantly reduce the pulse rate when combined with small amounts of THC. Not only does this relaxing quality make it easier to fall asleep, but it can also be instrumental in treating panic and anxiety disorders. In fact, evidence has suggested that CBD’s sedative effects are mostly due to a reduction in anxiety.

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CBD Oil For Insomnia and Sleep

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that is estimated to affect up to 10% of the adult population. Insomnia is defined as having difficulty falling and staying asleep for at least three nights per week, over a period of three or more months.

There are various medications designed to treat insomnia, but they often come with unpleasant side effects. For this reason, many clinicians recommend taking a non-pharmacological approach to treating insomnia before resorting to medication. If you are suffering from insomnia, then CBD hemp oil could be a great option to try.

One study has shown that CBD use triggers marked improvements in overall sleep quality. The patients reported minimal side effects from taking CBD oil for insomnia, and most of them enjoyed experimenting with a natural treatment solution rather than taking the medication route. Even though it’s only one example of CBD benefiting insomniacs, it strongly suggests that CBD could be a beneficial alternative to traditional sleep medications.

Underlying Issues Causing Insomnia

CBD could be quite useful for dealing with comorbidity (the simultaneous presence of two chronic diseases or conditions). It is fairly common for depression and anxiety to accompany bouts of insomnia, and vice versa. Hemp-derived CBD could potentially be used to treat all of these conditions at once.

CBD has well-documented anxiety-reducing effects, and it also helps the brain regulate serotonin levels, which is important when dealing with depression. Given all of its therapeutic benefits, it would be very convenient to not have to worry about managing different medications to treat different disorders, and instead use hemp-derived CBD as a potential all-purpose treatment method. 

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More Research Needed for Using CBD Oil for Insomnia

Even though there is much evidence to suggest that taking CBD oil for insomnia and sleep issues can be very helpful, research on this topic is still relatively new. There are even studies that disprove CBD’s role in affecting sleep, so it’s clear that more research needs to be done before a conclusive answer is reached. 

It is also unclear whether or not CBD alone responsible for its sleep-promoting qualities. There are terpenes in hemp, such as myrcene, that are known to be sedative, and CBD’s sedative effects often intermingle with those of THC in a cannabis product. For now, it seems that CBD can have great potential as a sleeping aid, but it remains to be seen if it has this quality in isolation. 

All Tessera Naturals products are made with a broad spectrum hemp extract. Evidence suggests that consuming a full spectrum or broad spectrum CBD products is more effective overall than consuming a CBD isolate due to the “entourage effect“.

Key Takeaways

  • CBD can be used as a stimulant at low doses, and a sedative at high doses.
  • CBD has a number of sedative, anxiety-reducing, and anticonvulsant effects that can all potentially aid in falling asleep.
  • CBD has potential as a treatment method for comorbidity – that is, it could be used to treat two or more diseases/conditions that are suffered at the same time.
  • There has been limited research on CBD’s impact on sleep. More studies need to be conducted in order to find out if CBD can have an effect in isolation.
  • The entourage effect has been shown to aid in the effectiveness of taking CBD oil for insomnia.

4 Ways to Incorporate CBD Into Your Daily Routine

There’s no questions that the stigma around cannabis has been slowly dissipating over the last few years, and with the 2018 Farm Bill legalizing hemp on a federal level, CBD from hemp has been booming as a result. Many people wonder how to take CBD and incorporate it into their daily routine.

With the popularity of CBD on the rise, it’s easier than ever to consume your CBD hemp oil in various formats from tinctures to creams to edibles.  Below, we lay out 4 easy ways to add CBD to your daily wellness regimen.

What is CBD?

CBD (cannabidiol) is a chemical compound found in the hemp plant and has been shown to provide a plethora of health and medical benefits, without the psychoactive effects associated with marijuana. THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), on the other hand,  is the compound in cannabis that is responsible for making you “high”.  

What is CBD Used For?

Many people who suffer from debilitating conditions such as Fibromyalgia or MS take CBD to ease their symptoms and improve their quality of life.  While CBD has been a life changer for them, the majority of CBD consumers are simply looking for a little more balance in their mood, or combat annoying aches and pains or to help with occasional bouts of insomnia.

How Does CBD Work?

Each of us has an Endocannabinoid System (ECS) in our body.  Only recently discovered in the 1990’s, the ECS is responsible for regulating many functions throughout our bodies such as mood, appetite, pain sensitivity, sleep patterns and immune response.

The main function of the ECS is to promote balance between all of these systems and to promote equilibrium, or “homeostasis”.  The ECS does this by producing chemical compounds called cannabinoids, which act similar to neurotransmitters like serotonin or dopamine.  Cannabinoids from plants (such as CBD and THC) can interact with our ECS and assist in doing its job more effectively. 

4 Ways To Incorporate CBD Daily

1. Morning Coffee

The majority of Americans start their day with a cup of coffee first thing in the morning.  Whether you brew your own at home, or you like to visit the local artisan cafe, this time of day is one of the best opportunities to consume CBD and start your day off right.

While research is still emerging on the effects of mixing CBD and caffeine, there is plenty of anecdotal evidence that CBD from hemp can help with the alertness effects from caffeine, while also taking the edge off of the jitters it can cause.  It works great with tea as well!

Tessera Naturals tinctures provide flexible dosing and an easy way to drop some CBD oil into your coffee.  Keep in mind that adding CBD oil to your food or beverage is perfectly ok to do, but taking the oil sublingually is more optimal for absorption since it doesn’t travel through your digestive system.  Try both ways and see how it affects you!

Note:  It’s been said that, at low doses, CBD is a stimulant and in higher doses it can cause sedation.  Dosing is different for everyone, just as caffeine affects everyone differently, and some are more sensitive than others. It will take some trial and error for each person to find their own optimal mix of CBD and caffeine.

2. Work-Life Balance

Many people need some time to ease into their work day, maybe read through some industry articles or check emails for a while.  Others jump right in, whether that’s getting on calls, tackling their To Do list or attending meetings. However you structure your time, there’s no question that Americans are busier than ever and work-life balance has become more scarce in recent years, especially with the rise of technology, which ironically is supposed to make our lives easier!

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The stresses of our fast-paced multi-tasking modern day work life has led to more anxiety and lower quality of life than ever before, which in turn can cause many physical health problems.

CBD hemp oil capsules are a super convenient way to take your CBD on the go.  Whether in the office, or on business travel, popping a capsule is as easy as taking your daily vitamins.

Tessera Naturals softgel capsules are specially formulated with a proprietary nano-emulsified water-soluble hemp extracted CBD oil. Unlike other oil based ingestible or edible CBD products, nano sized droplets means faster absorption and higher bioavailability compared to standard CBD ingested in oil form.

3. Workout Recovery

Besides maintaining a clean diet of mostly unprocessed foods, regular exercise is one of the easiest and most effective lifestyle changes you can make to promote better health and wellness.  Many studies have shown that regular exercise – whether it’s cardio, weight lifting or some kind of sporting activity – can promote better physical as well as mental well being.

After a long day at the office, hitting the gym or sports complex is a great way to de-stress from our hectic work schedules.  While regular exercise is fantastic, our bodies also need time to recover. Besides recovery, if you’ve been at this game for a while, you’ve probably experienced times where our athletic endeavors can take a toll on our bodies and cause some aches and pains that need healing.  

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By reducing pain and inflammation, we’re actually helping our bodies recover faster, so we can be ready for our next workout. Whether it’s joint pain, inflammation, stiffness or muscle soreness, a topical CBD cream or salve can provide soothing relief, both before and after our workout.

Tessera Naturals CBD Pain Cream contains 500mgs of broad spectrum hemp CBD per 2 oz jar as well as eucalyptus for that soothing cooling effect.  We’ve also added peppermint and rosemary essential oils for additional antioxidants and anti-inflammatory relief.

4. Bedtime Routine

According to various polls, the majority of adults complain of sleep disruption at least once a week.  Insomnia can lead to many chronic health conditions such as obesity, heart disease, diabetes, strokes and even cancer.  Whether you have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep, or just not getting a full restful night due to lack of REM sleep, CBD can be very helpful.

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Some studies suggest that CBD’s ability to treat insomnia is a byproduct of its ability to curb anxiety. Other studies suggest that CBD may have direct therapeutic potential to treat insomnia by promoting REM sleep behavior.  

As we mentioned before, evidence suggests that low doses of CBD can be a stimulant, and higher doses can promote sedation and relaxation, so keep that in mind as you’re experimenting with dosage.

5. Bonus Tip! CBD For Your Dog

If you’re one of the 68% of Americans who have at least one pet, this is one more opportunity to incorporate CBD into your daily routine.  Our dogs (and all animals for that matter) have an endocannabinoid system just as humans do and hemp CBD can help treat many conditions in our pets such as anxiety disorders, pain from arthritis or joint problems or seizures.

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Our Tessera Naturals Dog Treats are are a great way to give your furry family members the benefits of broad spectrum CBD.  Our dog treats were formulated by a veterinarian and each soft chew has a tasty beef flavor and is easy to digest.  Some people even tell us their cats love them too!

Where to Buy CBD Oil?

Whether you use CBD oil for one of the above cases, or you do them all, make sure you are always purchasing a high quality product.  Unfortunately, due to the absence of FDA regulations on CBD, there are a lot of low quality and possibly unsafe products on the market.

What Sets Tessera Naturals apart?

All Tessera Naturals products adhere to the following standards: 

  • Organically grown phytocannabinoid-rich hemp from fully compliant US Farm
  • Manufactured in GMP compliant and FDA registered facility
  • Solvent free extraction methodology to maintain the whole plant profile
  • Nano-emulsion technology to ensure optimal absorption and bioavailability
  • Non-GMO and free of pesticides, metals or harsh chemicals
  • 3rd party independent lab testing for potency, quality and safety

And remember, we offer military and senior discounts… and every product you buy from Tessera Naturals helps protect our planet through our partnership with!

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What Are Other Cannabinoids beyond CBD and THC?

Despite the fact that there are estimated to be over 120 total cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant, relatively little is known about the minor cannabinoids compared to THC and CBD.

While studies have shown that these two cannabinoids are largely responsible for the psychoactive and therapeutic effects of cannabis, the other cannabinoids have their own unique effects on the mind and body, and many work synergistically with the two major cannabinoids to enhance their impact. 

Many of the identified cannabinoids are very similar in structure to one another, but even slight structural differences have been known to produce a wide range of physiological effects. It is no surprise then, with all the potential benefits of the lesser-known cannabinoids, that researchers have deemed them worth examining. 

Do All Cannabinoids Work the Same Way?

The two major cannabinoids, THC and CBD, produce the majority of their effects by interacting with cannabinoid receptors in our endocannabinoid system, which has been shown to regulate functions such as cognition, pain sensation, appetite, memory, sleep, immune function, and mood.

However, some cannabinoids are able to produce physiological effects outside of the endocannabinoid system. For example, a common behavior of certain cannabinoids is to activate transient receptor potential channels (TRP channels), which influence sensations such as pain, temperature, taste, and vision. Based on this evidence, it is clear that research on cannabinoids cannot be restricted to how they interact with CB1 and CB2 receptors alone.

With all of this information in mind, let’s take a look at some of the lesser-known cannabinoids that are present in the cannabis plant, as well as the benefits they provide.

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Cannabigerol (CBG)

What is CBG?  CBG is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid that is the second most abundant in the cannabis plant, and is commonly used to stimulate appetite and treat pain and anxiety. It is interesting to note that the carboxylic acid form of CBG, cannabigerolic acid, is the precursor to all other cannabinoids, including THC, CBD, and CBC.

In the beginning of the cannabis plant’s growth, CBG makes up about 16.3% of total cannabinoid content, but this percentage drops to about 1% as the plant matures. In a manner similar to CBC, CBG does not bind to CB1 receptors, but it has an effect on the endocannabinoid system by increasing levels of anandamide in the brain. Out of all the cannabinoids, CBG has been shown to have the most potent antibacterial and antibiotic properties. Since CBG is an antagonist of CB1 receptors, it could also possibly lessen the effects of THC. 

Interesting Fact: CBG has also been used as an effective insect repellent when combined with the terpene limonene.

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)

THCV is a cannabinoid with a structure almost identical to that of THC, but it reacts differently at a molecular level, and thus has unique physiological effects. Like THC, THCV binds to CB1 and CB2 receptors, but at lower doses, THCV can been shown to counteract some of the effects of THC, while enhancing them at higher doses.

In addition, THCV has displayed anticonvulsant, anti-anxiety, and pain-relieving properties, which make it a good potential treatment method for conditions such as epilepsy and PTSD. THCV has even shown to have antipsychotic properties, which could make it a promising solution for alleviating some of the symptoms of schizophrenia. 

Cannabidivarin (CBDV)

Cannabidivarin is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that has a variety of therapeutic benefits. It was first isolated in 1969, but little research has been performed on it since then. CBDV has been shown to have anticonvulsant and anti-epileptic effects, but instead of occurring through binding of cannabinoid receptors, they are caused by activating TRP channels.

As a result, CBDV is used to treat epilepsy without causing intoxication, and has much fewer side effects compared to common anti-epileptic drugs. CBDV is also currently undergoing clinical trials for use in glioma, type 2 diabetes, schizophrenia, and encephalopathy, so its future therapeutic applications seem rather promising.

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Cannabinol (CBN)

Cannabinol is a metabolite of THC that exhibits many immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory activities. Compared to THC, CBN is only mildly psychoactive; CBN binds selectively to CB2 receptors in the peripheral nervous system, but has minimal activity on CB1 receptors. One of the most interesting benefits of CBN is its potential as an appetite stimulant.

A study suggested that CBN can potentially increase one’s appetite, so it has promising applications for the treatment of eating disorders. Other than that, CBN has been shown to be a powerful sedative, and can also be used to relieve nausea. 

Cannabichromene (CBC)

CBC doesn’t actively bind to either CB1 or CB2 receptors, but it affects the endocannabinoid system indirectly by inhibiting the absorption of anandamide, a neurotransmitter that binds to cannabinoid receptors. CBC has shown to be more prevalent in the more psychoactive strains of cannabis, whereas higher CBD concentrations are more common in fiber-like strains used in hemp.

CBC and THC have been shown to have a strong synergistic relationship, as CBC increases levels of THC in the brain, and THC, in turn, enhances the pharmacological effects of CBC. When used together with THC, CBC displays anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, and pain-relieving qualities. Cannabichromene is due to receive a lot more research in the near future, largely because of its relationship with THC.

Cannabichromevarin (CBCV)

CBCV is among the least-studied cannabinoids that have been identified. It was discovered in 1975, which was a little later than the more well-known cannabinoids, and not much research has been done on it since then. CBCV is very similar in structure to CBC, so many researchers estimate that it will share some of the same benefits.

Like CBC, CBCV is not psychoactive, so it can be used to provide relief for chronic pain, depression, inflammation, and insomnia without causing any intoxicating effects. CBCV has also been shown to suppress the appetite instead of stimulating it, so it could be useful for those who are trying to control their eating habits.

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What about Terpenes?

No article about cannabinoids would be complete without discussing their relationship with terpenes.  While we’ve already gone more in depth about terpenes here, it’s worth mentioning that terpenes and cannabinoids go hand in hand when consuming cannabis and cannabis derivatives such as hemp CBD products.  

When consumed together, the benefits of cannabinoids, terpenes and other natural compounds found in cannabis work synergistically to enhance the properties of one another.  This is referred to as the “entourage effect”, which means that the effects are greater than the sum of the individual parts.

Tessera Naturals products are all made with broad spectrum CBD.  This means that we start with a full spectrum whole plant extract, then remove the trace amounts of THC while leaving all of the minor cannabinoids and terpenes in tact.  Studies show that full spectrum CBD and broad spectrum CBD are much more effective than CBD isolate, which is only comprised of the CBD cannabinoid alone.

Key Takeaways

  • There are many other cannabinoids in the cannabis plant besides THC and CBD that offer their own range of therapeutic benefits.
  • Cannabinoids primarily activate receptors in the endocannabinoid system, but physiological effects can also occur through TRP channels.
  • Limited research has been done on cannabinoids other than THC and CBD, but that is certainly going to change as the medical benefits of cannabis become more apparent.
  • Many cannabinoids and terpenes act in synergy with one another to enhance their effects exponentially, which is referred to as the “entourage effect”.
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What Are Terpenes

What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes consist of over 50,000 naturally occurring aromatic chemical compounds that are present in all living species, but here we are going to focus on are those that are prevalent in fruits and flowering plants.

There are believed to be a few hundred terpene variations that are common to all plants, but the majority of terpenes are restricted to a specific plant species. Terpenes are largely responsible for giving plants and flowers their signature aromas and flavors, as well as having many therapeutic benefits.

Chemically, all terpenes are comprised of hydrocarbon units–known as isoprene units–which form chain-like sequences of five carbon molecules. The most common plant-specific terpenes are monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, and triterpenes, which consist of two, three, four, and six isoprene units respectively.

The size and structure of a terpene determines how water-soluble it is, as well as its volatility; the smaller a terpene, the more unstable it is. Monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes are relatively unstable, and evaporate at room temperature, which is the reason why their scents are easily noticeable.

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What Are The Benefits of Terpenes?

Terpenes have a number of distinctive scents, flavors, and health benefits, all of which are a result of their natural ecological functions. To protect themselves against disease and being fed upon by herbivores, many plants develop terpenes that are toxic to fungi, bacteria, and insects. Furthermore, terpenes serve to attract pollinators to flowers.

The smaller, more volatile terpenes are light enough to travel lengthy distances through the air, and they appeal to the olfactory receptors of many animals. Terpenes will even attract predators and alert nearby plants when a pesky herbivore breaks the skin of a leaf. So, all things considered, terpenes exert a vast influence on nature.

How Are Terpenes Used By Humans?

Throughout history, terpenes have been used for a wide variety of purposes, the most noteworthy being the role terpenes play in our consumption of food. The terpenes in herbs and spices are largely responsible for our perception of flavor.

Their pleasant scents also make them perfect for use in cosmetic products such as perfumes, oils, and lotions, and their natural toxicity allows them to be used for mouthwash, insect repellent, and disinfectants. In addition, terpenes have been used in medications designed to fight cancer and kill malarial parasites

Even though the effects of terpenes are well-documented, there is still a lot of mystery surrounding the roles of specific terpenes in plant biology. Research is continuously learning more about terpenes and uncovering more potential applications for their use. As a more extreme example, researchers are currently trying to figure out how they can use terpenes as a fuel source!

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Terpenes in Cannabis

Cannabis naturally has its own set of terpenes. In total, over 120 terpene variations are present in the cannabis plant. The different concentrations of terpenes will affect the aroma of a particular cannabis strain, but the role of terpenes doesn’t end with dictating scent. Terpenes can work synergistically with cannabinoids such as THC and CBD to target and enhance certain therapeutic effects.

Combining terpenes with cannabinoids has resulted in a promising range of potential applications for therapeutic use, from treating acne, to fighting cancer. Let’s examine the benefits and characteristics of the most common terpenes found in cannabis.


b-Caryophyllene is typically the most abundant terpene present in a cannabis product. It is also prominent in plants and spices such as cinnamon, black pepper, and rosemary, so it has a spicy, pepper-like scent.

Since it selectively binds to CB2 receptors in the body, it is most potent as a pain reliever and anti-inflammatory agent, but it has a variety of additional uses. For example, studies have shown that b-Caryophyllene is effective in treating drug and alcohol addiction when used synergistically with CBD. When combined with THC, it can provide relief for depression and anxiety disorders. b-Caryophyllene has even been shown to relieve the itchiness caused by contact dermatitis.


Pinene is the most commonly encountered terpene in nature, and has a vast amount of medicinal applications. As suggested by its name, pinene has an aroma reminiscent of pine needles, conifers, and sage. It is known to be anti-inflammatory, can serve as an insect repellent, and can even be used to relieve the symptoms of osteoarthritis. In addition, pinene has been shown to be effective in treating antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria.

Another interesting benefit is that low doses of pinene can make breathing easier, so it can be soothing for people with conditions such as asthma. Pinene has also been shown to help counteract the short-term memory loss experienced with THC intoxication.


Linalool is a terpene that’s well-known for having powerful sedative properties, which were first observed during the use of lavender in traditional aromatherapy. The soothing effects of linalool can be useful in treating stress, anxiety, and depression. In particular, linalool has been used in conjunction with CBD to treat psychosis and social anxiety disorder. Furthermore, when paired with THC, it can be used as a local anaesthetic that’s comparable to procaine or menthol. Linalool naturally occurs in plants and spices such as lavender, coriander, and birch trees.

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Limonene is the second most commonly occurring terpene in nature, and is present in the rinds of all citrus fruits. Studies have demonstrated that limonene increases dopamine and serotonin levels in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex, making it a powerful antidepressant, anxiety reliever, and mood elevator.

Limonene has also been shown to be effective in treating a number of cancers, including breast cancer, skin cancer, prostate cancer, and other tumorous growths. Furthermore, limonene has proved to be very anti-bacterial and anti-fungal, so it is commonly paired with CBD to use in acne treatments.


Myrcene is common in highly aromatic plants such as sweet basil, bay leaves, lemongrass, hops, wild thyme, as well as tropical fruits. It can be used to alleviate chronic pain, anxiety, and inflammation. Furthermore, myrcene is often utilized for its soothing properties. It is commonly used to prevent muscle spasms in multiple sclerosis patients, and can also be a potent sleeping aid. Myrcene has even been used to treat sleep disorders by adding it to CBD/THC extracts. Studies have shown that myrcene could also intensify the effects of THC.

Terpenes and the “Entourage Effect”

Terpenes play a key part in the synergistic relationship between the naturally occurring compounds found in cannabis.  CBD and THC as well as 100+ other cannabinoids have their many benefits, but when combined with terpenes, they amplify one another and provide overall therapeutic benefits that are greater than their individual parts.  Consuming full spectrum or broad spectrum hemp extract will lead to a much greater therapeutic effect, over consuming an isolated CBD product, or an isolated terpene product alone.

All Tessera Naturals products are made with broad spectrum Hemp extract. This means that besides CBD, our products contain the full spectrum of beneficial cannabinoids, terpenes and amino acids in hemp (except THC). 

Key Takeaways

  • Terpenes have a significant role in governing nature, and are also a major factor of human life.
  • Terpenes are present in all plants life, and their properties help the plant adapt to its ecological niche.
  • Terpenes are responsible for a plant’s aroma, flavor, and they have various therapeutic effects.
  • The most common terpenes in cannabis include; b-Caryophyllene, Pinene, Linalool, Limonene and Myrcene.
  • Not only are terpenes responsible for the scent of cannabis, but they can also be used synergistically with other terpenes and cannabinoids to produce a desired “entourage effect”.


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