Traveling With CBD: Know the Risks Before You Leave

To most people, COVID-19 is the biggest travel concern. But depending on where you go, another term that starts with “C” can land you in worse trouble – much worse, as one U.K. man recently learned. 

There’s no denying that CBD oil and other cannabinoid products increasingly find acceptance throughout the industrialized world. But not every country is friendly-or even tolerant – to cannabis.

Considering the risk, it’s important to educate yourself about CBD and travel.

Traveling With CBD in the U.S. 

Let’s start with the easiest one. Thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill, industrial hemp is legal in all 50 states. However, some states may restrict or ban certain hemp-derived CBD products. 

How to Fly With CBD in the U.S. 

You can fly with CBD in the U.S., but there are a few minor rules to keep in mind, according to the TSA

Obviously the product has to contain less than 0.3% THC. The TSA allows exceptions for FDA-approved versions of an otherwise restricted substance, like the CBD Epilepsy drug called Epidiolex, or synthetic THC medication, like Sativex.

Assuming you meet all the requirements, you can bring the CBD product in your carry-on or checked baggage. Try to keep the product in its own packaging to prevent damage or spills. If you have oil, put its container in a small plastic bag to catch any potential leaks. 

The TSA also advises that they’re focused on security, so they won’t waste time checking for “marijuana” unless they suspect something. 

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Is it Risky to Travel With CBD to Another Country?

Yes, it is risky to travel with CBD to another country if you don’t fully research your destination’s laws. While we can’t cover every nation, we’ll address one particular incident and see what you can do to avoid being in a similar boat. 

Even in cannabis-tolerant countries, crossing the border with CBD could complicate things. A prime example is Canada, which we’ll address soon. 

Trapped in the U.A.E.

According to The Guardian, Billy Hood – a U.K. football coach living in Dubai – was “caught” in the United Arab Emirates with CBD vape juice in his car’s trunk – a car he sometimes shared. 

Making matters worse, he had no idea how the juice got there, theorizing that it belonged to a friend of his who had recently visited. 

Regardless of who the CBD belonged to, it didn’t stop the Dubai police from torturing Hood to sign a confession in Arabic, which he doesn’t speak. Dubai sentenced the 24 year-old to 25 years in prison. Currently, his family and the government are both working to bring him back to the U.K. 

But it could be a tough fight. Billy Hood didn’t just get caught for possession in a cannabis-hostile country. According to High Times, U.A.E. is the most cannabis-hostile location. It doesn’t take much for drug offences to earn you the death penalty. 

High Times also explains that the U.A.E. goes to enormous lengths to detect marijuana traces. Even having THC in your bloodstream will likely get you arrested. 

Although Billy Hood’s ordeal is an extreme case, other countries could issue jail sentences, fines, and even executions for unsuspecting travelers. 

Remember that “due process” isn’t a term many countries are familiar with. 

Countries With the Strictest Cannabis Laws

Sneaking CBD internationally is a bad idea. But in some countries, it could be the worst idea you ever have. Always do your research, especially if you plan to visit any of the following seven places:

  1. United Arab Emirates
  2. Indonesia
  3. Japan
  4. France
  5. Singapore
  6. Turkey
  7. Saudi Arabia

Penalties range from huge fines or disproportionately long jail time, to corporal punishment and execution. 

What About Canada?

Many of us are eager to visit our neighbors to the north. It’s a lot closer, cheaper, and apparently safer in some respects, than a trip to Dubai. 

Marijuana has been legal in Canada since October 2018, so it’s safe to assume you can bring your CBD products with you, right? 


You’re likely wondering how recreational and medical cannabis can be federally legal in Canada, yet CBD extracts aren’t. 

Canadian cannabinoid products – including CBD – can only be grown, extracted, distributed, and sold by licensed producers; and government or private dispensaries. Consequently, many U.S. – based hemp CBD producers often are unable to send their items to Canada. 

The critical factor in this legal head-scratcher comes down to one thing: the source. All CBD in Canada is from what the U.S. would consider “marijuana.”

Furthermore, the lack of regulation for American hemp CBD products doesn’t sit well with Canada’s arguably over-regulated cannabis market. 

Fortunately, you won’t be thrown in jail for decades. At worst, Canadian border officials will confiscate the product and let you move on. 

Can I Bring CBD from Canada to the U.S.?

No, you can’t bring CBD from Canada to the U.S. Don’t even try it. If you think Canada’s cannabis regulations are intense for consumers, wait until you see the border’s take on marijuana.

Since these crossings are under federal jurisdiction, carrying cannabis from Canada to the U.S. – regardless of THC content – can complicate things. 

Will I be Arrested for Bringing CBD from Canada? 

A small amount of CBD or any other cannabis extract for personal use will likely be confiscated by U.S. customs agents. But if you happen to be a Canadian citizen, you’re far from off the hook.

Early after legalization, the U.S. made it very clear that no Canadian cannabis may enter the country, even if the state across the border also embraced marijuana reform. They took it so seriously that admitting cannabis use as a Canadian citizen can lead to a permanent ban from the U.S.

One Canadian man found himself on the wrong end of that policy. 61 year-old Barry Rough told officials that he hadn’t smoked marijuana in 18 years. This admission earned him a lifetime ban. 

That being said, we’re not suggesting that you lie to the border officials.Honesty is important when dealing with authorities. Simply be aware that you may be asked about cannabis consumption, and the consequences that could bring.

Should I Travel With CBD?

You can travel in the U.S. with CBD. However, other countries are a different story. Even if you do your research, laws are complicated and you could miss something. 

If possible, your safest bet is to simply leave the CBD at home. 

Key Takeaways

  • CBD is legal for domestic travel in the U.S., with some minor rules
  • It’s illegal to bring CBD products across the border to Canada 
  • Bringing CBD from Canada or admitting cannabis use can lead to a lifetime ban for non-U.S. citizens.
  • Some countries issue severe punishments for “drug possession,” which includes CBD
  • The only safe way to avoid a legal ordeal is to not bring cannabis when you travel internationally

The Easiest CBD Gummies You’ll Ever Make

CBD gummies are some of the most popular cannabis edibles. Why wouldn’t they be? They’re easy to dose, convenient, and – most importantly – delicious. That’s why Tessera Naturals is proud to offer them.

But for some of us, our love for CBD gummies might inspire something homemade. While these products are popular on store shelves, many feel gummies are challenging to make. 

However, nothing can be further from the truth. With a few clever shortcuts, it’s ridiculously easy to make CBD gummies at home. Besides, Tessera Naturals has what you need for the highest-quality homemade CBD edibles. 

A Word About CBD Gummies

CBD gummies are amazing, but there’s one problem. Conventional CBD extract is mostly metabolized by the liver, leaving behind – at best – about 20% for your body to use. 

Liver metabolism also adds extra time. Consequently, you have to take a higher dose and wait between 30 and 60 minutes to feel anything. 

If you don’t solve this problem, 80% of the CBD you ingest goes to waste. Fortunately, we offered the solution from the moment we opened our doors.  

Tessera Naturals: The Nano CBD Difference

Using such a small fraction of the CBD you pay for doesn’t seem like a sound investment. Yet for some reason, most vendors are fine with that. After all, they get paid either way. 

Tessera Naturals doesn’t feel these practices are fair, especially when we have the technology to make edibles more potent. 

Why Nano CBD?

“Nano CBD” is something that’s caused quite a buzz in the CBD industry. While it’s not predominant, customers are increasingly aware of nano CBD’s superior quality and potency. 

Nano CBD uses a process called “nanoemulsion” to change the way cannabidiol mixes with water. Cannabinoids are hydrophobic, meaning they don’t mix with water. 

Without getting too detailed, nanoemulsion allows CBD to become hydrophilic – meaning it’s attracted to water. Because our bodies contain 70% water, nano CBD absorbs more quickly and through different pathways compared to digestion alone. 

With that out of the way, we hope you have your favorite nano CBD oil handy. Let’s take a look at how to easily make CBD gummies at home. 

How to Make CBD Gummies in Your Microwave

Yes, you read that correctly. If you have the culinary skills to cook a TV dinner, you have what it takes to be the next great CBD chef!

This recipe is so easy, it’s likely you’ll have most of these ingredients lying around. If not, getting what you need will barely dent your wallet. 

You control the potency, so we can’t specify how much to expect. The strength depends on your CBD oil concentration. Make sure you consider cannabinoid content before you choose an oil.  

The following recipe is enough for 15 gummies – a practice amount. However, don’t let us stop you from cutting down or increasing the measurements as you see fit. 

Things You’ll Need

  • Microwave
  • Silicone gummy mold
  • Cooking spray
  • Baking sheet
  • Measuring cup
  • ½ cup (125 ml) of juice, lemonade, or sports drink
  • 2 packets (1 oz each) of gelatin (unflavored)
  • 1 tablespoon of corn syrup
  • 1 teaspoon (5 ml) of Tessera Naturals broad-spectrum CBD tincture

Step 1: Prepare the Mold

Lightly apply some cooking spray to the gummy mold. This prevents sticking. If you don’t have cooking spray, coconut oil will also do. 

For now, leave the greased mold on your baking sheet

Step 2: Mix

Combine the juice, gelatin, and corn syrup inside your measuring cup, and stir until well-mixed. 

There will be bits of undissolved gelatin floating in the mixture. These will disappear during heating, so don’t worry. 

Once everything is well-mixed, let the liquid sit for about 60 seconds.

Step 3: Cook

Place the measuring cup inside the microwave and heat on high for 30 seconds, then stir. Cook for another 30 seconds and mix again.

If all the gelatin is gone, you’re good to go. If not, just place the cup in for another 30 seconds and keep repeating until everything combines smoothly.

Set the cup aside for at least 15 minutes and don’t stir.

Step 4: Add the CBD Oil

After 15 minutes or so, the mixture should thicken and have a more jelly-like consistency. If it’s still watery, give it more time.

Once you reach the desired thickness, add 5 ml of Tessera Naturals broad-spectrum CBD tincture and stir thoroughly. 

Step 5: Pour 

Pour the mixture straight from the measuring cup  into your silicone gummy mold until all the sections fill to the top. 

Step 6: Refrigerate 

Place the mold back onto your baking sheet and leave it in the refrigerator for at least 30 minutes.

You’ll know the gummies are ready once they feel cool and firm. 

Step 7: Gather the Gummies

Now that the CBD gummies are set, it’s time to see what you accomplished. Gently twist and push the mold and the edibles should fall out fairly easily. 

And that’s it! Now you can make CBD gummies at home without using a stove. Feel free to experiment with different drink flavors and potencies.

Does CBD Help With Epilepsy? Clearing Up the Confusion

CBD’s anti-seizure benefits are well documented. A breakthrough in cannabis research led to the creation of Epidiolex, the first CBD prescription drug

CBD changed the lives of so many children with severe epilepsy, moving them from a state of bedridden cognitive impairment to living markedly better lives.

This is all great to hear, but there’s one problem. Many reputable sites list “epilepsy” or “seizures” as one of the symptoms treatable with CBD. However, what we need to clear up is where those therapeutic effects end. 

Cannabidiol may help with severe childhood epilepsy, but this led to the assumption that CBD helps will all forms of epilepsy. Just like many conditions, epilepsy comes in several forms with different causes and symptoms. 

Consequently, people with all kinds of epilepsy may be mislead into thinking CBD can help them too. So if you have epilepsy or know someone who hopes CBD will help with their seizures, take a moment to look at what science says. 

What is Epilepsy?

In short, epilepsy is a neurological disorder defined by reoccurring seizures. Seizures can occur in isolated cases for reasons other than epilepsy, so “reoccurring” is the detail that matters.

The frequency, severity, and types of episodes vary from one person to another. 

Similarly, there are common seizure triggers, but in many cases, those triggers can be unique to each patient. Some triggers include:

  • Rapidly-flashing lights (uncommon, contrary to popular belief)
  • Lack of sleep
  • Extreme emotion
  • Low blood sugar
  • Stress

A huge problem with epilepsy is that no two cases are identical. There are so many combinations of seizures and causes – like injuries or a chemical imbalance – that make treatment difficult. 

Sometimes, people don’t respond well to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). This is the case for the small percentage of patients using CBD for epilepsy. 

When Does CBD Help With Epilepsy?

Again, CBD helps with epilepsy, but experts and organizations like the Epilepsy Foundation, say “In recent years, a number of studies have shown the benefit of specific plant-based CBD product in treating specific groups of people with epilepsy who have not responded to traditional therapies.” 

There’s no doubt that CBD helps control seizures in “specific groups of people,” but only to a limited extent. Currently, CBD therapy is effective against two specific seizure disorders.

Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome (LGS) is a rare form of epilepsy that usually affects children between the ages of two and seven years. 

The condition can manifest itself in several ways. Short and long-term health consequences vary depending on the frequency, severity, and type of seizure. 

Unfortunately, this condition rarely responds to traditional AEDs. In many cases, children can suffer from things like mobility problems and brain damage.

Dravet Syndrome

Another rare and severe form of epilepsy, Dravet Syndrome also responds poorly to AEDs. But perhaps the most disturbing detail is the condition’s onset. While LGS can start at age two, Dravet Syndrome manifests itself in infancy.

Naturally, the effects of these seizures at such an early age can be catastrophic to development. Babies with Dravet Syndrome can inevitably experience a variety of problems, including behavioral difficulties, speech delays, motor issues, impaired coordination, and more. 

Unlike most epilepsy cases, 80% of Dravet Syndrome patients carry a genetic mutation that triggers the disorder. 

How Well Does CBD Work Against Seizures?

Research on CBD for LGS and Dravet Syndrome was promising enough for the FDA to approve it. But to what extent does it help? Let’s look at that next.

Dravet Syndrome

When tested on children with Dravet Syndrome, researchers noticed remarkable results. 

A 2017 study in the New England Journal of Medicine provided CBD to several children with Dravet Syndrome and compared the results to placebo. They found a clear distinction between seizure reduction in the CBD patients compared to the placebo group. 

For example, median monthly seizure frequency dropped from 12.4 to 5.9. Out of the CBD group, 43% saw a 50% reduction monthly episodes, with a noticeably reduction in all convulsive seizures. 

Most surprisingly, however, a lucky 5% of CBD recipients became completely seizure-free. But given how limiting Dravet Syndrome can be, any change is a huge milestone. 

Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

LGS was also studied, using similar methods as the Dravet Syndrome research. 

2018 findings published in the New England Journal of Medicine saw the same promising results. In this study, the median monthly seizure frequency was 85 – substantially higher than the Dravet Syndrome patients.

Nonetheless, the results speak for themselves. The study used three groups. One was given 10 mg/kg, another received 20 mg/kg, and the third group was placebo. 

The study noted significant seizure improvements with CBD compared to placebo. The 10 mg group saw an average reduction of 37.2%, while those receiving 20 mg saw marginally higher success at 41.9%. The placebo patients, meanwhile, only saw a 17.2% seizure reduction.. 

What are We Missing?

So it’s prettly clear that Dravet Syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome respond well to CBD treatment. But again, our problem is that CBD is considered beneficial to all types of epilepsy. 

Unlike the two conditions we discussed, there’s little evidence to support CBD’s use in other, more common epilepsy cases. 

Even the 2017 study on Dravet Syndrome mentioned above noticed something crucial, explaining that “The frequency of total seizures of all types was significantly reduced with cannabidiol (P=0.03), but there was no significant reduction in nonconvulsive seizures.”

In other words, patients who don’t experience convulsions – such as with absence seizures – saw no improvement. 

A 2020 publication from Frontiers in Neurology summarized the findings of the LGS and Dravet studies, ultimately explaining that “…CBD is effective as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of drug-resistant childhood-onset epilepsy. Nevertheless, current evidence is restricted to rare and severe epileptic syndromes [emphasis added].”

Jumping the Gun

Now we see how the results of selected research spread like wildfire. But while we can’t fault the general public for not scrutinizing every study, it’s important for educators to set realistic expectations.

Epilepsy is a mysterious condition (most of the time), but it’s not one to take lightly. You should never try CBD or alter your treatment without a doctor’s input. Unless you have LGS or Dravet Syndrome, it’s likely a medical professional won’t approve – and for good reason. 

Hopefully, one day we’ll find a way to expand CBD’s benefits to other forms of epilepsy. But for now, we recommend you avoid this to treat other seizure disorders – at least until more evidence is available.

Key Takeaways

  • Epilepsy is a condition marked by recurring seizures
  • Epilepsy is not a universal condition, but rather a broad category 
  • No two epilepsy cases are alike
  • Current CBD research and efficacy appears to focus on severe, untreatable epilepsy and on-convulsive seizures
  • There isn’t enough evidence to recommend other epilepsy patients to try CBD

Is Delta-8 THC Safe? Recent Health Reports Paint a Darker Picture

Delta-8 THC might not be as safe as we thought.  When the product first appeared on the market, hemp CBD manufacturers and consumers alike were delighted. Milder intoxication, similar reported health benefits, and legal ambiguity let you have your cake and eat it too.

But the product’s association with delta-9 THC soon put it in the government’s crosshairs, with lawmakers moving to ban delta-8 products. 

If this all sounds familiar, it’s because CBD experienced the same obstacles, such as inaccurate labels, questionable ingredients, and toxic extraction methods. However, recent medical cases show that delta-8 THC may not be as safe as we think.  

So is delta-8 THC safe? Why could it be dangerous, and what – if anything – can be done to make delta-8 THC safer?

What is Delta-8 THC?

Delta-8 THC (a.k.a. “D8”) is a minor cannabinoid that naturally occurs in all forms of cannabis. However, D8’s small presence doesn’t impact the overall effects of CBD or delta-9 THC.

Synthesized in 1965 by prominent cannabis researcher Raphael Mechoulam, delta-8 THC is very similar to its more (in)famous counterpart. 

Delta-8 and delta-9 are also structurally identical. The difference between the two is the location of what’s called a “chemical bond.” This is like a magnet that connects atoms through shared electrons. 

In THC’s case, these are double bonds, which means they share two electrons at the atomic level. 

THC has several molecular carbon chains. This is where the difference lies. Delta-8 THC’s double bond is on the 8th carbon chain, while you’ll find delta-9’s bond on the 9th chain – hence the numbers. 

It’s easy to assume something as (seemingly) subtle as a double bond won’t significantly affect its behavior. 

But this minor deviation makes a significant difference.

What Does Delta-8 THC Do?

Users report similar effects to delta-9 THC but with substantially muted intoxication. This difference has broad consumer appeal, acting as a middle ground between CBD and delta-9 THC. People can enjoy a high that won’t impair cognitive function. 

Like delta-9, some of D8’s effects include:

  • Mild euphoria
  • Relaxation
  • “Body high”
  • Functional mental clarity (some intoxication)
  • Increased appetite

How do You Make Delta-8 THC?

You can’t isolate delta-8 THC or make those products at home. It involves a complex extraction process with special equipment in an industrial setting. 

It’s possible to extract delta-8 from CBD or THC-rich sources. There are several methods, only two of which don’t involve THC. Let’s look at those now.


In 2004, Raphael Mechoulam found a way to synthesize delta-8 THC from CBD using isomerization. Isomers refer to compounds that are chemically similar but molecularly different. Isomerization takes that existing substance to create an isomer. 

Although Mechoulam patented his process for CBD, isomerization is used in a variety of industries. 

When applied to CBD, isomerization uses acid, solvents, and heat to isolate the CBD and synthesize delta-8 THC from it. 

However, the process is much “dirtier” than CO2, alcohol, or even butane extraction. Consequently, it’s a massive area of concern and – in our eyes – the number one suspect for recent health issues (we’ll get to that soon).

Selective Cultivation

Selective cultivation has been used for thousands of years, bringing us watermelons, broccoli, bananas, and more. 

Cannabis also underwent selective cultivation, with growers trying to gear strains for certain cannabinoids and terpenes, along with larger yields and more resilient plants. 

The method allowed breeders to grow high-CBD “marijuana” (over 0.3% THC), along with potent THC or balanced strains. 

However, this will be a long process, given delta-8 THC’s trace amounts. Genetic modification in a lab would get the fastest results, but no hemp has undergone that process (yet). 

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Health Concerns

For a while, delta-8 THC coasted by, dodging bans whenever they could. But new discoveries about delta-8 THC may mean its days under the radar are numbered. 

As of September 1st, 2021, 18 states have either regulated, limited, or banned delta-8. Meanwhile, four states have the product under review. Consequently, the product could get restricted or banned in a total of 22 states – nearly half the U.S. 

Between January 1st and July 31st, the FDA reported 660 adverse events related to delta-8 THC products. Their report – released September 14th, 2021 – provided a breakdown of these incidents. 

What’s frightening is that the majority of “unintentional exposure” cases occurred in people under 18. In total, children accounted for 18% of hospitalization, with a handful ending up in the ICU.

Why is Delta-8 THC Making People Sick?

We don’t know if delta-8 is the direct reason for these recent hospitalizations. But the FDA’s recent findings indicate the recipe is to blame.

If the CBD industry taught us anything, some manufacturers don’t want to invest in better facilities or extraction methods.  While such practices may help a company’s bottom line, it shows no respect for their customers, who trust those businesses with their health.

Toxic Traces

The biggest problem with delta-8 is the isomerization and extraction processes. CO2, ethanol, or butane won’t work as proper solvents. Instead, manufacturers have to use more toxic ingredients. 

Companies extract the CBD using alkane chemicals like heptane, which is derived from petroleum. It’s also very toxic and highly volatile.

The conversion from CBD to delta-8 THC requires acid, including the highly toxic hydrochloric acid, which can cause severe reactions and death when inhaled at just 50 to 100 parts per million. Now imagine vaping it. 

Health officials warn that manufacturers use household chemicals in unsanitary conditions.

The FDA says in their report:

The final delta-8 THC product may have potentially harmful by-products (contaminants) due to the chemicals used in the process, and there is uncertainty with respect to other potential contaminants that may be present or produced depending on the composition of the starting raw material. If consumed or inhaled, these chemicals, including some used to make (synthesize) delta-8 THC and the by-products created during synthesis, can be harmful.

So which toxic traces get left behind? What (if any) harmful by-products appear? Is the cannabinoid itself to blame?

We don’t know the exact reason. But there are a few ways unscrupulous companies increase the chances of adverse effects.

Inadequate Testing

Third-party lab tests are standard practice for most hemp-derived CBD businesses today – and rightfully so. Things can go wrong, so it’s essential to know before shipping a defective product. 

CBD companies that don’t offer this data are a huge red flag. The same principle applies to delta-8, regardless of the vendor’s CBD experience. 

Cutting Agents

Vitamin E acetate – a cutting agent used in illegal THC vape cartridges – became the center of attention in 2019 for its association with the vaping health crisis. 

The substance is believed to be a significant, or possibly exclusive, contributor to vaping-related illnesses. 

There’s little reason for suppliers not to use the same method to dilute their products. 

Deliberate Negligence or “Cutting Corners”

This is the worst offense, so we saved it for last. As we’ve established, lack of regulation means there are no rules or standards. Consequently, delta-8 vendors have no obligation for quality. 

Most customers, however, don’t realize this. Consequently, the product they think will help their health could be leading them to an emergency room visit. 

Of course, the worst offenders are the ones who don’t test their products. Without safety confirmation, a vendor could unknowingly pump poison into the market for months or years.

This is a clear example of how legality doesn’t always imply morality. 

Making Delta-8 THC Safer

Just like CBD evolved in quality, delta-8 THC needs to follow suit. Leaving the industry unchecked isn’t an option, but banning the product is equally ineffective. The chances are that making delta-8 illegal will just create a new black market niche. 

CBD companies may also continue selling it, regardless of the FDA or legal mandates. 

What’s the solution? Making delta-8 THC safer involves a mix of quality control, regulation, and personal responsibility.

Slow Down

CBD vendors, dispensaries, and customers are too eager to try delta-8 THC. Unsurprisingly, a light version of delta-9 THC has broad appeal. But sometimes, people jump in too quickly.

To quote Ian Malcolm from Jurassic Park: “Your scientists were so preoccupied with whether or not they could that they didn’t stop to think if they should.”

In other words, people saw a subtle and (sort of) legal way to get high, so producers saw dollar signs. It’s time for all of us to put our excitement aside and give the delta-8 industry time to establish itself and – at the very least – start self-regulating for competition. 

Research the Vendor

As a general rule, it’s best to know as much as possible about a product before buying it. Sites like Reddit, TrustPilot, and similar independent forums, have genuine reviews from real buyers. 

Many reputable, established CBD companies started ceiling delta-8 THC. Just because a business is known for top-quality CBD doesn’t mean they didn’t rush to sell delta-8. Remember, the manufacturing process is entirely different. 

Leave it to the Legal States

If CBD vendors don’t maintain safety and quality, it may be time to find someone who will.  Legal recreational cannabis states are highly (often excessively) regulated. 

Stricter rules mean better quality, consistency, and ultimately, safety.  

One of the hemp CBD industry’s main selling points is “relief without the high.” It’s also established a much better reputation for self-regulating and improving its manufacturing techniques. 

Delta-8 THC is new, misunderstood, toxic, and completely unregulated. “Toxic” and “unregulated” don’t belong in the same sentence. Given the need for strict quality control beyond hemp CBD, the legal market may be in a better position to produce, distribute, and sell delta-8 THC. 

Why Don’t We Offer Delta-8 THC?

We don’t offer delta-8 THC because we don’t trust it yet. We’re confident that – like CBD – D8 production will become more refined and self-regulated. 

But until that time comes, we’ll focus on our proprietary CBD nanoemulsion process to make products that we know are safe. 

Key Takeaways

  • Delta-8 THC is a milder version of delta-9
  • It only appears in trace amounts
  • Delta-8 can be synthesized from CBD through isomerization
  • There is evidence of adverse health events from delta-8 THC products
  • The solvents and chemicals involved are dirty and dangerous
  • It’s best to avoid these products until they become regulated or self-regulated


Current evidence for cannabis’ effectiveness at treating PTSD is largely anecdotal. But relaxing attitudes about the drug and the emergence of non-prescription hemp CBD caught  researchers’ attention. 

While CBD (or THC) is certainly no substitute for psychological therapy, it definitely reduces a lot of the superficial symptoms of PTSD, helping many people lead better lives. If you happen to suffer from this disorder, it helps to know what CBD oil can do to make your life better.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a condition that cripples a person’s mental health. The public typically associates with veterans, especially those who served in Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan. However, the condition can arise from any number of horrible events, such as kidnapping, assault, or abuse. 

PTSD’s links with anxiety, depression, drug abuse, and a damaged social life take their toll on millions of Americans every year. While many conventional treatments are available, patients now view CBD oil as a viable option.

What is PTSD?

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a condition that arises following a severely traumatic experience. This can be a single incident, like kidnapping or assault. Other cases develop after prolonged exposure to extreme stress, such as warfare or abuse. 

PTSD’s links with anxiety, depression, drug abuse, and a damaged social life take their toll on millions of Americans every year. While many conventional treatments are available, patients now view CBD oil as a viable option.

Symptoms of PTSD

According to Mayo Clinic, PTSD symptoms take time to appear. Usually, people notice changes within one month, but these could take years to materialize in other cases. But once the signs start, things will worsen without treatment. 

There are several clues a past event may be back to mentally haunt you. 

Intrusive Thoughts

On occasion, individuals with PTSD experience sudden intrusive thoughts or memories of their experience. In some cases, the mental images are strong enough to psychologically re-enact the traumatic event(s) – also called a “flashback.”

Intrusive memories can also be jarring, causing chronic anxiety and stress. Consequently, nightmares or night terrors about the event are also associated with PTSD. 

Sudden Behavioral Changes

People with PTSD experience behavioral changes in ways that would otherwise seem out of character. Some examples are:

  • Anger, aggression, or irritability
  • Violent or other antisocial outbursts
  • Feelings of guilt
  • Insomnia
  • Hypervigilance 
  • Paranoia
  • Isolation
  • Poor memory
  • Negative self-talk

If you notice any of these symptoms or changes, speak to a doctor or mental health professional.

Avoidance Coping

Many of us use “out of sight, out of mind” to temporarily push things to the back of our minds. But when people with PTSD do this, it only serves to compound the problem.

Avoidance coping – or just “avoidance” for short – is when an individual goes to enormous lengths staying away from people, places, or things that remind them of their trauma. 

Refusing to discuss the event is also a sign of avoidance coping and potentially PTSD.

Worsening Symptoms

Despite the wishes of every patient, PTSD doesn’t go away on its own. It’s best to acknowledge the warning signs and seek help before things get worse.

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How CBD May Help With PTSD

Marijuana has reportedly helped a lot of patients with PTSD deal with some of the symptoms. A 2011 study in Nature Chemical Biology examined anandamide – an endocannabinoid known as the “bliss molecule.” 

When researchers stopped anandamide production in rodent subjects, they noticed higher, more prolonged levels of distress. Ultimately, it’s this state of mind that forms the core of most PTSD symptoms. 

Treating “Flashbacks”

Many people with PTSD have to deal with the memories of their trauma, often to the point where it becomes disruptive. These sudden, jarring reminders are incredibly unpleasant. Fortunately, those who used CBD and THC to deal with such recollections found the compounds quite effective.

Generally, patients report that cannabis helps set these memories aside. They can experience them without the ill effects associated with triggering traumatic mental images.

These claims are consistent with the above study’s findings. Mice who lacked anandamide experience more robust, more prolonged fear and stress.

Reducing Anxiety

Chronic stress often leads to anxiety, so it’s no surprise that those with PTSD suffer accordingly. Conventional medications can be effective, but the unpleasant side effects are well known. 

Marijuana rich in cannabidiol (CBD) helps alleviate anxiety by generating a feeling of relaxation without mental impairment. One 2015 analysis of existing literature in Neurotherapeutics examined the finds of multiple sources. 

In their conclusion, the authors wrote: “Preclinical evidence conclusively demonstrates CBD’s efficacy in reducing anxiety behaviors relevant to multiple disorders, including PTSD, GAD, PD, OCD, and SAD….”

It’s important to note that cannabis with a high concentration of the psychoactive chemical THC (legally termed “marijuana”) can make anxiety worse.

Consequently, PTSD patients should limit THC content as much as possible.

Fighting Insomnia

Because the effects of PTSD are so powerful, stress is an inevitable consequence. With this comes a release of hormones meant to stimulate us into the classic “fight or flight” state; unfortunately, this makes sleep virtually impossible.

Many people use CBD to increase relaxation and fight insomnia. It’s useful for those who would otherwise have difficulty falling asleep. A 2017 publication in Current Psychiatry Reports supports CBD and THC as effective sleep aids.

But while both cannabinoids helped people get to sleep, CBD was better at improving duration and quality. THC, on the other hand, negatively affected both. 

Proper rest is also critical for a healthy brain, let alone one dealing with PTSD. CBD’s sedative and anti-anxiety properties offer a two-pronged approach to better sleep.

Substance Abuse

It’s an unfortunate reality that many people turn to narcotics or alcohol to numb the pain. While this might be superficially effective to an addict, it gradually erodes their health and quality of life. 

But a 2018 review published in Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research demonstrates some promising findings. The opioid epidemic is no secret, which kills 115 Americans every day, according to the paper.

The authors also explain a harsh reality. Despite representing a fraction of the world’s population, the U.S. consumes 80% of the world’s prescription pain medications. This overprescribing by doctors helped fuel the epidemic. 

Cannabinoids like CBD and THC may help act as a complementary or interim treatment when conventional ones like methadone aren’t available due to a chronic shortage. Drug withdrawal symptoms, like pain, nausea, insomnia, anxiety, and irritability are all potentially treatable with doses of CBD.

However, we need clinical studies to see how helpful CBD can be for drug and alcohol withdrawal.

PTSD is a debilitating condition that nobody deserves to experience. Considering the destructive feelings and behaviors that patients often deal with, the benefits of medical marijuana shouldn’t be overlooked. 

Key Takeaways

  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a multi-symptom disorder arising from short or long-term exposure to extreme mental stress.
  • CBD’s reported therapeutic properties may cover most – if not all – PTSD symptoms.
  • Any form of cannabis can help, but CBD offers better results without intoxication.
  • PTSD patients should minimize THC consumption

Does CBD Oil Expire? Everything You Need to Know to Make CBD Go the Distance

You (hopefully) do this with every visit to the grocery store. Regardless of the food in question, checking its expiration date is essential for quality and safety. 

Naturally, your eagle eye for freshness should apply to unregulated products, like health supplements. In most cases, even unregulated products have the good sense to add expiration dates on their labels.

So given the importance to you as a consumer, why doesn’t a single cannabis product – THC or CBD – have an expiration date? Does CBD oil expire at all? 

CBD oil’s lifespan isn’t finite. But since you don’t have numbers to guide you, the best you can do is take steps to keep your CBD as fresh as possible.

Let’s look at how CBD oil freshness works – and ways to maintain it. 

Does CBD Oil Expire?

Yes, CBD oil inevitably expires. Cannabinoids deteriorate over time when exposed to the elements (more on that later), but these compounds won’t rot and make you ill like bad food. 

Still, the carrier oils, like hemp, coconut, or MCT, can expire or become stale. Other ingredients in your CBD may also have definite expiration dates. 

So while cannabidiol itself may not go nasty, other ingredients will. Consequently, they drag down the whole product.

How Long Does CBD Oil Last?

Generally, CBD oil can last between one to two years, depending on how you store it. This is in line with the expiration dates of carrier oils – like MCT and coconut – containing your CBD. 

Why Doesn’t CBD Oil Have an Expiration Date?

CBD doesn’t have an expiration date because we don’t know how long it takes for a product to expire. Keep in mind oil isn’t the only form of CBD. It’s available in all kinds of foods and drinks, along with vapes, topicals, and dry hemp flower. 

We need to look beyond CBD and instead focus on the bigger picture when it comes to expiration. For instance, a CBD-infused topical is likely to stay fresh longer than a brownie. Similarly, you’ll likely get better shelf life from powdered isolate compared to full or broad-spectrum oil.  

Additionally, hemp-based CBD supplements aren’t regulated. Even if CBD producers know when their products expire, they’re not bound by law to disclose anything. 

That being said, Tessera Naturals will happily provide that information if and when it becomes available.

What Happens to CBD as it Gets Older?

We understand CBD doesn’t expire in the typical sense, but its days are always numbered. However, instead of growing mold or fermenting, CBD simply fades away. 

Cannabinoid degradation depends on a couple of factors, as one 1976 study points out in the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology.

Researchers noted that light (excluding sunlight) was the main “killer” against cannabinoids. The compounds are also temperature-sensitive to some extent.

Additionally, the study points out how oxidation breaks down cannabinoids when exposed to the open air. 

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Signs Your CBD Oil Expired

Like with any food, there are ways to tell if your CBD oil is expired. Keep an eye out for a few red flags. If you’re unsure, err on the side of caution and throw away your product. 

The Oil is Cloudy and Thick

CBD oil isn’t watery (at least it shouldn’t be). But excessive thickness can be a sign your oil is going south. In many cases, you’ll also notice a cloudy or murky color – another red flag for expired CBD. 

Something Smells Wrong

The scent is often a dead giveaway when estimating a product’s freshness. Typically, CBD oil has an “earthy” plant aroma. It might also smell sweet, spicy, or flowery, depending on the terpenes present. 

But if your CBD oil smells “skunky,” that’s a sign something’s wrong. Imagine a nose-piercing mix between earthy cannabis and rotten eggs if you’re unsure what to look for.

It Tastes Strange

Odds are if something smells terrible, it tastes just as bad. CBD oil has a distinct flavor, so a strange flavor means your product is probably rancid. 

Granted, CBD oil already has a unique taste. Keep an eye out for any deviations from the usual earthy, herbal, nutty aroma. 

How to Keep CBD Oil Fresh

You can keep CBD oil fresh in many different ways. You don’t need any special equipment or techniques, just careful shopping and common sense.

Check Ingredients

Ingredients make or break your CBD oil. Aside from freshness issues, low-quality ingredients generally reduce your product’s potency. Perishable food additives or artificial flavors also complicate freshness.

The best way to avoid early spoilage is to buy the purest CBD possible. Your extract should come from organic or organically-grown hemp.

Look for Third-Party Tests

Most CBD vendors conduct third-party lab tests on their products and make them available online or by request. Never buy CBD from a retailer that doesn’t disclose lab results.

The analysis is vital for knowing what is – or isn’t – in your CBD. Heavy metals, microbes, fungi, and chemicals can contaminate hemp and its extracts. These unwanted ingredients could ruin the product or trigger faster spoilage. 

Store Your CBD Properly

Going back to the above 1976 study, remember that light and open-air make cannabinoids degrade faster. You may notice vendors sell their oil in transparent, opaque, or dark bottles. 

Given what we know, the first option should be out of the question – although it’s still not uncommon. On the other hand, opaque or dark containers limit or block light and slow the CBD’s degradation. 

But regardless of your bottle’s color, the best thing you can do is keep the CBD oil stored in the dark at room temperature. You probably won’t have trouble carving some space for your bottle in a cupboard, pantry, or drawer.

Second, keep bottles sealed. As the study showed, air exposure is also a death sentence to cannabinoids, so don’t leave the bottle uncovered for long. Check to make sure the lid is closed correctly.  

Choose High-Quality Extraction

A lot of people overlook extraction, but the importance of this process can’t be overstated. Typically, there are three ways companies separate CBD and other compounds from the plant.

Butane and alcohol were common solvents and continue to be used for many CBD and THC products. But in recent years, vendors (like Tessera Naturals) embraced CO2 extraction. 

Although carbon dioxide processing requires industrial equipment, expertise, and money, it’s also the only solvent that doesn’t leave behind chemical traces.

Residual butane and alcohol don’t belong in CBD oil, so it’s best to avoid those whenever possible. 

Follow Product Labels

Even if you’re a seasoned CBD user, you should still check your product’s label for any special storage instructions. 

Don’t Buy Too Much CBD Oil

It’s best to keep a steady stream of fresh CBD oil rather than stock up for several months. As a best practice, don’t buy more CBD than you need for one month. 

Will Expired CBD Oil Make You Sick?

Theoretically, expired CBD should have little to no ill effects, as long as the carrier or other ingredients haven’t picked up bacteria, viruses, or fungi. 

The most likely consequences may be an off-taste and underwhelming potency. But nobody needs a reminder that spoiled food is a health risk. Don’t take any chances. 

Key Takeaways

  • There’s no set expiry date for CBD oil
  • CBD itself degrades but doesn’t expire
  • Ingredients and the type of product determine shelf life
  • Check for changes in taste, color, or smell
  • Buy from a reputable source

Is Hemp a Secret Solution to Our Carbon Problem?

Hemp is a hardy and highly adaptive plant that has been grown for thousands of years. The plant was used to make fabric, rope, sails and paper (among other things). Hemp can be grown in such a variety of climates and soil conditions that mass production will be a breeze.

To our ancient ancestors, cannabis was a source of products, food, and medicine. Today, we face another challenge that could reshape our lives. 

Reforestation is a good way to reduce atmospheric CO2 levels, but it’s not the best solution for a few reasons.

Hemp seems to have an ever-growing list of potential uses and benefits, but could it really be a powerful tool against climate change? 

The Current Climate Situation

According to NASA, atmosopheric CO2 concentrations are rising at an unprecedented rate. It took pre-industrial Earth 20,000 years to reach the same carbon dioxide levels as we’ve done in the last 171 years.

Research into recycling and green energy continues, but we’re still mostly dependent on fossil fuels – despite the slight slump we saw during the height of COVID-19 lockdowns. 

But, much like the Great Recession, demand and consumption will spike again. According to The Guardian, economic stimulus money will help create a surge of fossil fuel use. Consequently, we’ll also see increased carbon emissions. 

Non-renewable resources appear to be a cheap and efficient way to handle our energy needs. We’re used to these tools, so suddenly shifting gears is logistically impossible. But we’re at a turning point where gradual change may not be fast enough.

There are a lot of ways to reduce atmospheric carbon, including reforestation. These flaws make hemp a better option for mitigating CO2.

Hemp as a Solution to Climate Change

Industrial hemp – a chemovar of the Cannabis sativa L. plant species – may just be returning to the spotlight, but it’s one of our oldest crops. Estimates put its use as far back as the dawn of agriculture 10,000 years ago. 

Hemp used to be an industrial staple in Europe and North America. It became so prominent that King James I announced a royal decree, ordering every citizen in the British colony of Jamestown to grow at least 100 plants. 

Had that trend continued, could our climate situation have been at least marginally better? If so, it might be time to revive that practice. 

What About Replanting?

Tree-planting is a well-meaning approach to CO2 reduction. Forests are powerful tools to help clear the air and reduce environmental impact. But although they’re handy to have if left alone, the lumber industry can quickly make short work of them. 

There’s also the issue of environmental impact. Cutting down large portions of forest throws the entire ecosystem off balance. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations explains that forests house the majority of plant, animal, and insect species. Every tree cut directly impacts biodiversity. 

While reforestation sounds good in practice, some flaws make hemp a preferable choice. 

Hemp Grows Faster than Trees

It’s no secret that trees grow slowly compared to most vegetation. Smaller ones grow quickly, but others only grow a few inches a year.

As a result, it takes time for trees to have a meaningful impact on atmospheric carbon levels.

Hemp, on the other hand, can reach six to 13 feet within four months. Comparably, the world’s fastest-growing tree – the empress splendor – grows ten to 20 feet per year but takes 10 years to mature. 

If you can produce 13-foot-tall hemp plants for times per year, that amount of production dwarfs any tree species. 

All the Cleaning Without the Mess

Again, forests form the backbone of Earth’s biodiversity. We’ve been told since childhood how deforestation is a driving force behind extinction.

Not only does massive deforestation affect native species, it also hamstrings Earth’s ability to use forests as a carbon sink. But there’s no profit in simply planting trees. Hemp, however, is another story. 

You won’t find many species who call hemp fields home. Even if some critters make their way into a massive cannabis farm, harvests won’t drive any animals or plants to extinction. 

Hemp also doesn’t require pesticides or herbicides, which are substances most – if not all – hemp producers and vendors avoid. 

Hemp Absorbs More CO2 

We’ve seen lots of reasons to give hemp a chance to tackle climate change. But the most compelling argument is hemp’s efficiency. Hemp can simply do more with less time, effort, and energy. 

But where does hemp stack up against trees for performance? Unsurprisingly, it’s way better at handling CO2. 

The bottom line is hemp absorbs more carbon than trees. 

Good Earth Resources calls hemp “the ideal carbon sink.” That’s because it outdoes trees by leaps and bounds.

Let’s make a quick comparison. Bloomberg explains that one acre of trees can recapture between one and 10 metric tons of CO2 per year. The only exception being the aforementioned empress tree, which consumes over 100 metric tons per acre. But again, the empress is an exception.

Hemp absorbs up to 22 tons of carbon per hectare, and can be harvested twice yearly, doubling the efficiency to 44 tons. When translated into acres for our above comparison, this translates to 18 tons per acre – twice the maximum average with less impact.

Multiple Other Uses

The fantastic thing about planting hemp is its versatility. Hemp farmers don’t grow hemp intending to let it sit and consume CO2. The plant’s importance to other industries just happens to position it as an effective carbon-stopper. 

We all know some common tree uses, like lumber, paper, and other commodities. But did you know hemp can do all of that and more? 

So not only is hemp a more effective carbon sink, but its industrial uses could theoretically replace trees entirely – and then some.


Many people and businesses have turned away from paper whenever possible, such as online billing or electronic record-keeping. But the product is still in high demand, as are the trees that make it.

But why deal with all the other complications when hemp may be just as good as tree-based paper?

Polish researchers examined the physical properties of conventional and hemp papers. They concluded that paper made from industrial hemp could be an equal substitute. 

However, they advise that new technology is needed to maximize hemp’s potential for paper production. The authors also remind us that their work is preliminary. Still, the experts are optimistic based on their results.

Hemp as a Substitute for Plastics

Since childhood, we’ve been told how plastic recycling is a revolutionary way to reduce waste. Every plastic bottle, plate, or container gets melted down and reused, right?

Wrong. Big time. 

Plastics offer no benefit other than convenience and have a terrible impact on the environment. Although some plastics can get reused in some way, most don’t.

To illustrate, only 2% of these materials are recycled into similar-grade products. Another 8% make their way into lower-quality plastic. As for the other 90%? It ends up in a landfill or incinerator, which also helps pump more CO2 into the atmosphere.

Plastics also heavily rely on fossil fuels for production. Consequently, their large carbon footprint will get even larger. At this rate, emissions are expected to climb from 5.9 million metric tons in 2015 to 91 million by 2050.

Furthermore, nearly half of plastics are for packaging and other single uses, so that only narrows the amount of plastic to be recycled. 

Another exciting thing to consider is that hemp is self-sustaining. Although hemp farming still creates a carbon footprint, its almost supernatural air-cleaning ability consumes more CO2 than its cultivation creates. 

Hemp is a viable alternative to plastics. Not only does it create the same quality material, but it’s also biodegradable. To be fair, plastic also biodegrades – it just takes a few centuries. 

But if they aim to make a substantial change in atmospheric carbon, then our plastic should end up in a compost heap, not an incinerator.

Hemp and Biofuel

When we picture “green energy,” things like solar, wind, and hydroelectric typically come to mind. But biofuel is an essential tool we can’t overlook. 

Biofuel already exists from sources like corn, but hemp can be an even better option. But this isn’t some novel idea put forth by hemp advocates. Henry Ford invented a car powered with hemp biofuel. Unfortunately, the fossil fuel industry ultimately won the rights to the internal combustion engine. 

Why Should You Learn More About Hemp?

Hemp is a fantastic plant, and its modern uses are only beginning to be uncovered. It has the potential to help us protect our climate, so we should all support efforts to make hemp more accessible for farmers. 

We invite you to learn more about hemp’s many benefits, including how to get started with hemp-derived CBD!

Key Takeaways

  • Reforestation can help reduce CO2 emissions but has significant drawbacks.
  • Hemp absorbs CO2 more effectively than most tree species.
  • Deforestation takes time to reverse, and trees require years to grow, while hemp fully matures in months.
  • Hemp can provide the same commodities as trees and substitute for other industries – such as paper, plastic, and fuel – all with a comparatively tiny carbon footprint.

CBD Oil for Pain: Everything You Need to Know

Although CBD is new to the mainstream market, the Cannabis sativa L. plant has been a part of medicinal remedies throughout history. The earliest recorded use was around 2700 B.C.E. 

So why the history lesson? Because today, pain is one of the broadest and most common symptoms potentially treatable with CBD. One survey by the health educators at Single Care revealed that out of the 33% of Americans who have used CBD, 64% take CBD for pain and inflammation..

But don’t toss your medications and fire your doctor just yet. 

Incorporating CBD into your wellness routine isn’t a simple decision. It takes time, discipline, and consistency. 

Whether you use CBD oil for pain or any other condition, it’s vital to understand CBD and correctly find the product that suits your needs.

To answer this and more, we’ll take a closer look at pain and see if and how CBD might help.

Types of Pain

Pain isn’t a single condition. It can appear as headaches, muscle soreness, joint pain, back pain, and more. 

Depending on the nature and severity of your discomfort, your condition can fall under acute, chronic, or neuropathic pain. Odds are you may already know that as a pain patient.

What you might not know is which CBD products are appropriate for each type of condition. We’ll address CBD soon, but for now, let’s quickly outline each kind of pain. 

Acute Pain

According to the University of California, acute pain refers to any localized discomfort, such as injury, surgery, or strains.  This condition needs to last less than three months (with some exceptions), at which point the classification changes.

Chronic Pain

Chronic pain is consistent or frequent discomfort lasting more than three months or beyond the expected healing time. 

Unfortunately, chronic pain can cause long-term or permanent damage as the body takes a while – possibly indefinitely – to heal. The University of California warns about chronic pain’s potential consequences, including:

  • Appetite changes 
  • Mental and physical tension
  • Mobility issues
  • Emotional distress

Neuropathic Pain

Neuropathic pain can start from several causes, but its source is the same. Specifically, symptoms occur from damage to the nerves. 

Unfortunately, neuropathic pain can be challenging to live with, as symptoms include discomfort beyond aching. Some classic signs are:

  • Intense pain
  • Burning
  • Tingling
  • Numbness
  • “Pins and needles”
  • Inability to sense temperature

Unlike (some) acute and chronic pain, neuropathic pain isn’t something doctors can fix with a cast or bandage. Surgery is an option in some cases, but many people have to live with this debilitating condition.

Consequently, pain medications are the only solution for most patients. Although doctors are wary, they still prescribe opioids in some cases, which many people would rather avoid. 

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How to Use CBD Oil for Pain

To use CBD oil for pain, you need to choose the right product and pinpoint your dose. This isn’t as easy as it sounds – unless you know the process. Speaking of which, let’s address that now. 

Find Your Dose

Conventional wisdom tells us that a higher dose will produce more potent effects. But this couldn’t be further from the truth. 

CBD is biphasic, meaning its effects get weaker if you exceed the correct dose or “sweet spot.” This isn’t uncommon for many substances, including prescription medications or supplements. 

Consequently, if you overshoot your dose, it’s just as useless as not taking enough. But amounts vary between people, so how do you find yours?

This is where “start low and go slow” comes in. As it implies, you need to begin with a very low dose and gradually increase it over several weeks. Start with no more than five milligrams and add more every week until you notice changes. 

Once you’re ready to go, feel free to check out our CBD dosage calculator to help crunch the numbers.

CBD oil may be the default for most people, but there are other ways we offer CBD better suited for certain types of pain.


CBD companies can infuse or pack CBD into a vast spectrum of products. These range from practical ones like oil to novelties, such as candy and e-liquids. 

With so many options, it’s impossible to list them all. But whether you have acute, chronic, or neuropathic pain, there’s still a product perfect for you. 

CBD Tinctures

CBD entering the body through ingestion or inhalation provides a generalized effect, ideal for neuropathic pain or any other widespread bodily discomfort. 

Often used interchangeably with “oils,” CBD oil tinctures are popular among CBD enthusiasts.  The critical difference between conventional oil and tinctures is tinctures are taken sublingually before swallowing. 

By holding the tincture under your tongue for 60 to 90 seconds, membranes and capillaries in the mouth can absorb part of the CBD, sending it directly to the bloodstream. This process partially bypasses the liver and triggers faster effects – usually hitting in 15 to 30 minutes.

A significant advantage of tinctures is that their effects can last up to eight hours, providing long-lasting relief. 

CBD Softgels

CBD softgels are an alternate method of delivering CBD oil, employing capsules instead of a dropper. Like tinctures, pills are suitable for general body pain. 

Many people use CBD capsules or softgels for pain. Some prefer these because they don’t have to taste the oil. Full-spectrum and broad-spectrum oils retain the cannabis aroma, which many don’t enjoy. 

Mess-free, pre-measured doses are also a significant advantage.

The downside is that these are among the least bioavailable, meaning most CBD gets processed and expelled, leaving you with bioavailability between 10 to 20%. 

CBD gummies, capsules, and similar edibles also take longer to start working, with most users reporting a wait time between 30 to 45 minutes – although it could easily be longer. 

On the other hand, CBD softgels also have the longest-lasting effects, making them excellent for prolonged relief.

CBD Topicals 

CBD topicals are the only exception when it comes to pain relief. Hemp oil primarily focuses on ingestible CBD, but capsules, tinctures, and other oral products don’t address acute pain or some forms of chronic pain as effectively.

Since you apply topicals directly to the affected area, it keeps symptom relief focused in one spot. This significant difference makes it a must-have for things like joint pain, injuries, sore muscles, and more.

For some interesting information about CBD for arthritis pain, check out our earlier article.

Nano CBD: The Tessera Naturals Difference

As we mentioned, a massive problem with regular CBD oil is its bioavailability sits at 20% or less. This means if you consume 100 mg of CBD, your body won’t get to use more than 20 mg – although this can drop into the single digits.

When using CBD for pain, you want to squeeze everything you can out of the product. Our nanoemulsion process breaks down CBD oil into tiny particles, skyrocketing bioavailability in the process.

If you deal with any kind of pain, nano CBD is your best option for maximum relief. You can learn more about our natural, THC-free hemp oil.

Where to Buy the Best CBD Oil for Pain

You can get the best CBD oil for pain from vendors who go above and beyond the conventional CBD formula. Most companies use clean extraction and natural ingredients, but nanoemulsion is still a rare practice.

Not only does Tessera Naturals faithfully implement this into our manufacturing, but we managed to refine the process. As a result, our technique breaks down CBD into smaller pieces for maximum absorption. 


In an increasingly saturated and competitive market, it can be hard to find the right CBD oil for pain. Lots of companies do an excellent job choosing ingredients, extraction, plant sourcing and more.

But no technology is stagnant, which is why CBD continues to improve. Thanks to innovations in CBD extraction and processing, a select few CBD products go above and beyond the otherwise weak capability of CBD oil.

CBD isn’t about fancy flavors and novelty items – at least not to us. CBD’s therapeutic value lies on what’s inside the product, even if we don’t directly see it. 

Key Takeaways

  • There are three types of pain CBD may address: acute pain, chronic pain, and neuropathic pain.
  • Different products are suitable for certain types of pain
  • Oils and other ingestible CBD products work best for neuropathic pain.
  • Acute or chronic pain may respond better to topicals, if the pain is isolated.
  • Oil and other edibles aren’t very bioavailable
  • Nanoemulsion improves bioavailability
  • Tessera Naturals uses a proprietary method that works better than conventional nanoemulsion

Could CBD Reduce Burnout in Frontline Healthcare Workers? A New Study Says “Maybe”

The new surge in COVID-19 cases continues jamming emergency rooms and swallowing what few ICUs are left. There’s no shortage of mostly Google-based opinions on the issue, but one indisputable truth is the toll it’s taking on ER nurses and doctors. 

While the pandemic enters its inevitable fourth wave, another virus is infecting health professionals everywhere – and three’s no vaccine or drug to treat it. 

“Burnout” is a word used rather liberally, but it’s more than a dramatic way of saying “I’m tired.” Burnout is a medical condition that, if left unaddressed, could destroy your body and mind. Many exasperated doctors and nurses express their burnout in statements to newspapers and on social media. 

But new CBD research could provide a glimmer of hope for the people risking their lives every day. 

What is Burnout?

Burnout is mental and physical exhaustion brought on by consistent stress. 

Although doctors and nurses are in a rough spot (to put it mildly), everyone across every profession is vulnerable to burnout.

Work is often a source of this issue. But family, friends, and close relationships can also trigger burnout. 

If you have lofty goals or perfectionist tendencies, you might burn yourself out trying to accomplish the impossible. 

Regardless of the cause, this will eventually touch every aspect of your life and snowball out of control. 

Burnout Symptoms

Burnout symptoms are pretty obvious, but few employees seem to have the support systems to identify and address the problem before it escalates. 

At first, you might notice some small physical or mental changes, but as exposure to the stressors continues, more signs pop up.  

Symptoms include: 

  • Irritation
  • Feeling tired
  • Chronic head or body aches
  • Appetite loss or gain (stress-eating) 
  • Lack of motivation
  • Feeling helpless or stuck
  • Avoiding work or other responsibilities
  • Procrastination
  • Absenteeism
  • Self-esteem issues
  • Personality changes (cynicism, detachment)
  • Use of drugs or alcohol as coping tools 

We’re nowhere close to the complete list of symptoms and long-term complications of burnout, but this should give an idea – and a better appreciation – of what healthcare professionals face. 

How to Recover from Burnout

To recover from burnout, you need a mix of mental and physical self-care. 


Open a dialogue with your employer. You’d be surprised how accommodating organizations will be to keep workers happy and productive. 

Also, keep in mind you have certain protections through your union or labor laws. If burnout results from discrimination, harassment, or bullying, make sure you explore your options. 

Create Healthy Habits

Try to start a healthy routine. Exercise works wonders for mental wellbeing, so take the opportunity, even if it’s just 15 minutes once or twice a week. Given your emotional and psychological state, starting a physical activity routine may be a challenge, so start small. 

Give Yourself a Break

Kit Kat may not be talking about burnout with their decades-old slogan “give me a break,” but this might be an excellent time to take their advice (chocolate is optional). 

Time off, such as sick leave or a vacation, allows you to focus on your needs and provides time to recharge your batteries. If that’s not an option, ask for modified duties or reduced hours. Labor laws in your state may entitle you to specific accommodations. 

See a Professional

The emotional toll of burnout isn’t something you can handle alone. You may think you have it under control, but that’s not true. Only a professional therapist can help you sort through those problems and give you valuable coping tools. 


If all else fails or you feel your situation is too toxic, it’s critical to remove yourself. This applies to any stressor, including jobs, friends, and even family. 

How Might CBD Help Reduce Burnout for Frontline Healthcare Workers?

CBD isn’t a miracle cure for the unimaginable amount of difficulty frontline healthcare workers face. However, a small August 2021 study published in the journal Psychiatry has some encouraging news.

The study builds upon what we already know about CBD, specifically its potential benefits against various symptoms and conditions, which happen to arise from burnout. 

According to the study (and any outside observer): “Frontline health care professionals who work with patients with COVID-19 have an increased incidence of burnout symptoms.”

That’s arguably the understatement of the century, but published studies aren’t known for their creative and dramatic flair. Let’s see what the new research tells us.


Experts at Ribeirão Preto Medical School University Hospital in São Paulo, Brazil, looked at 120 participants, which included doctors, nurses, and physical therapists. 

The researchers administered CBD treatment for 28 days. They then tracked the subjects’ progress using the Maslach Burnout Inventory, focusing specifically on emotional exhaustion.

Some subjects received 150 mg of CBD twice a day, while others used CBD along with “standard care.” In other words, they had access to therapists and informational resources to help cope with burnout. 

By day 14, 118 subjects showed a noticeable improvement, with that trend continuing until the study ended on day 28.

The CBD was well-tolerated. Only two recipients had to stop treatment due to adverse effects. However, they quickly recovered.

Still, there are some noticeable shortcomings to this study. For instance, the results relied on subjects’ self-reporting. Consequently, bias could influence the supposed therapeutic effects.

Another problem was that this wasn’t a double-blind study. In other words, no placebos were used, so the CBD group knew what they were taking. Given all the news about CBD’s potential benefits, it’s possible the placebo effect skewed the results.

How Does CBD Help With Burnout?

From what we’ve seen, there’s evidence suggesting CBD could help reduce the mental and physical impact of burnout when paired with regular self-care. But the number of holes in the study cast too much doubt to make definitive claims.

Does CBD help with burnout, or was this study a wild goose chase? To better answer that, we need to break down CBD’s effects on burnout-related symptoms. Many health issues arise from burnout, so we’ll cover some noticeable red flags.


Anxiety can have various temporary or chronic causes. Whether you’re nervous about an upcoming job interview or suffer from an anxiety disorder, CBD might help mitigate the problem.

A 2015 preclinical study published in Neurotherapeutics declared CBD could help reduce anxiety symptoms from conditions like PTSD, OCD, and SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder).

Those benefits can easily apply to burnout-related anxiety. 

Headaches and Migraines

Many headache sufferers swear by CBD, although research is a bit light in those areas. More importantly, headaches and migraines are expected consequences of burnout. Frankly, they can ruin an otherwise good day, so imagine dealing with that and an endless wave of sick people.

A 2017 review of existing publications shows promise for migraines and headache disorders. After combing through a sea of data, the authors concluded that CBD and other forms of cannabis could be handy for headache treatment.

They concluded by saying:  “Although placebo-controlled clinical trials are still needed to determine efficacy appropriately, it appears likely that cannabis will emerge as a potential treatment for some headache sufferers.”

Body Pain

Millions of people worldwide use CBD oil for pain, with some firm – but not solid – data behind them. 

The extent of CBD’s analgesic abilities hasn’t received the research it deserves. However, preliminary studies and a bottomless well of personal testimonies point us in a positive direction.

A January 2020 study in the American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine looked at the effects of THC and CBD on terminally ill subjects experiencing pain. THC consumers primarily vaped, while topicals were the preferred choice for CBD. 

According to the small study, some patients thought cannabis (THC or CBD) was curing their illnesses.

This again brings up the dreaded placebo effect. Although cannabis’ therapeutic abilities are more undeniable by the day, there’s no evidence that THC or CBD can cure anything. 

Sleep Aid

Who doesn’t want better sleep? Getting a good night’s rest is crucial for mental and physical health. Working nights – as many nurses and doctors do – can demolish your sleep cycle.
Any support could make a big difference.  

2019 research published in The Permanente Journal examined anxiety and sleep in 72 otherwise healthy participants. Almost 80% of the subjects reported reduced anxiety by the end of the study, while about 67% noticed improved sleep.

Key Takeaways

  • Burnout is a state of mental, emotional, and physical depletion brought on by prolonged, constant exposure to stress.
  • Frontline healthcare workers are among the most affected by burnout, thanks to the COVID-19 crisis. 
  • Preliminary studies suggest CBD may help reduce burnout-related symptoms.
  • Always practice self-care, with or without CBD. 
  • Don’t take your healthcare – or those who provide it – for granted.

Why You Need to Choose Nano CBD for Dogs


Although the benefits of CBD for dogs haven’t received much research, it’s easy to find a dog owner who swears by them. Like us, dogs have endocannabinoid systems, as do cats and fish and amphibians according to one study.

The point is many – if not most – vertebrates could respond to CBD (and THC) in some way. For instance, dogs are more sensitive to THC than humans, which is why full-spectrum CBD should be off the table, even at 0.3% THC. 

But is CBD for dogs helpful, and if so, to what extent? What are the best CBD dog treats? And what does Tessera Naturals do that makes our products better than regular broad-spectrum CBD extracts?

To answer that question, it’s time to revisit the topic of CBD for dogs, and look at why our new and improved formula takes Tessera Naturals to the next level.

Nanoemulsion: The Secret to Better CBD for Dogs

You need to choose nano CBD for dogs because regular CBD is only a fraction as effective as nano CBD.

Let’s be honest; organic, broad-spectrum, lab-tested, CO2-extracted CBD is essential, but pretty much anyone – including Tessera Naturals – can offer that. 

Nanoemulsion is a newer tool in the CBD production arsenal. Hemp extract undergoing this process is often called “nano CBD.” This type of product overcomes significant barriers that don’t let your dog experience the full benefits of cannabidiol.

But we don’t stop there. Not only does Tessera Naturals rely on this method for our premium CBD dog treats, but our proprietary (patent-pending) emulsification process outdoes the competition by leaps and bounds.

Enough about us, though. Let’s see why all of the above information matters to your dog.

What is Nanoemulsion?

Nanoemulsion or “nano emulsification” is a process that breaks down CBD into small particles using ultrasonic waves. Without getting too technical, the particles become a fraction of their original size, making them water-soluble. The new solubility expands CBD’s possible uses and provides critical advantages over regular CBD oil. 

Why Nano CBD?

Oral CBD has a very low bioavailability – as little as 6% (although usually between 13 and 20% according to a 2007 publication in Chemical Biodiversity). This means roughly 80 to 94% of the CBD your dog ingests gets eliminated. 

But breaking down the CBD into nanoparticles allows your body to absorb more. Since it dissolves in water, nano CBD reaches your bloodstream without relying on your liver. As a result, your dog harnesses nearly all the CBD he or she consumes. 

Nano CBD also has little to no “hempy” flavor, which is suitable for dogs put off by the aroma. 

Beyond Nano CBD: The Tessera Naturals Difference

Nanoemulsion isn’t a new technology. It’s been used in prescription drugs for several years.

Like Tessera Naturals, pharmaceutical producers use this option to improve drug bioavailability (among other things). It makes sense that some CBD companies also take advantage of nanoemulsion. 

What’s so Special About Us?

Size may not have mattered to Yoda, but it certainly matters to us – although to be fair, Yoda wasn’t talking about breaking CBD into smaller particles. 

With nano-CBD, however, less is more. 

Regular nanoemulsion breaks the oily substance down into pieces ranging in size from 100 to 1000 nanometers (nm), depending on the process.

While this is undoubtedly effective, smaller particles absorb better. That’s why we created our unique process (patent pending), which generates an average of 25 nm. 

It’s the most effective CBD you’ll find – and your dog gets to enjoy it. 

Why Give CBD to Your Dog?

You give CBD to your dog for the same reason humans do. CBD can be a daily wellness supplement or a therapeutic product depending on your dog’s age, size, and medical needs. 

Like us, dogs (depending on size and breed) are likely to face similar health issues, with the risk increasing as they age. 

Anyone with a dog knows how expensive vet bills and medication can be. But a simple daily dose of CBD can reduce existing symptoms and possibly prevent others. 

Let’s look at a few findings to see how dogs might benefit from CBD. 

CBD May Help Dogs With Arthritis

Arthritis is something millions of Americans face, with the number growing as more people age. Dogs are no different. It also doesn’t help that dogs have more extremities to worry about. 

Some dogs are prone to the condition, specifically large breeds like German shepherds and golden retrievers.

There are ways to treat arthritis in dogs, but again, the cost can be massive if you don’t have pet insurance. Plus, it’s sad to watch your best friend lose his or her ability to move comfortably. 

There isn’t a lot of research about CBD for dogs with arthritis, but one 2020 study in the journal PAIN was pretty thorough. 

The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial looked at 20 large dogs with osteoarthritis over the course of four weeks. They found placebo and low CBD subjects showed no improvement, but those on higher doses (20 mg per day) showed improved comfort and mobility, and even suggested further human studies. 

Seizure Control in Dogs

Epilepsy is far from just a human problem. About 1.2% of the U.S. population has some form of epilepsy, while 0.75% of dogs experience it. This makes epilepsy the most common neurological issue dogs face.

One groundbreaking study on children with severe childhood epilepsy led to the FDA-approval of Epidiolex, the world’s first CBD-derived prescription drug. 

But what about dogs? Thankfully, dispite our obvious physical differences, CBD shows just as much promise for dogs with epilepsy.

A 2019 clinical trial from Colorado State University found that 89% of dogs who received CBD showed a decrease in seizure frequency compared to placebo.

Skin Allergy Relief 

Many people use CBD to help deal with skin rashes due to allergies or other triggers. Based on some early information, cannabidiol may help skin irritation in dogs. 

One 2020 study by CannPal Animal Therapeutics Limited looked at 13 dogs with atopic dermatitis (eczema). After 56 days of treatment, symptoms improved by an average of 51%.  

So if your dog suffers from skin problems, CBD may help reduce the discomfort. 

CBD for Anxiety

What do dogs and fireworks have in common? Absolutely nothing, which is why their relationship is pretty tense. Canines often take off running when they hear the explosions, which can be dangerous if they’re outside without a leash.

And frankly, nothing ruins your Fourth of July like a scared pup hiding all over the place with each bang and crackle.

While there’s no information on CBD for dogs with anxiety, we know that cannabidiol’s effects on dogs mirror those of humans. Therefore, it’s safe to say the relaxing effects of broad-spectrum CBD dog treats might make that day of the year more bearable. 

Despite a lack of scientific evidence, there are plenty of people who confidently use CBD to control their dogs’ anxiety, whether chronic or temporary. If fireworks scare your dog, try giving them a CBD treat 30 to 60 minutes before the lightshow.  

CBD Dog Treats Taste Amazing

At least ours do, anyway. Given the dogs want to eat pretty much everything that hits the floor, it’s safe to say they’re not picky. But they’re also not herbivores, so odds are the earthy hemp taste plain oil would be a tough sell.

Thankfully, we brought in expert help from a veterinarian, who specially formulated the treats with natural beef flavor. Our dog CBD is also infused with other botanical extracts for added health benefits. 

And of course, the water-soluble nano CBD maximizes absorption, letting your dog harness CBD’s full advantages. 

Should You Give CBD to Your Dog?

People have been giving CBD to their dogs for years and there doesn’t appear to be any negative news. But every dog – just like every person – is unique. 

Overall, CBD is safe for dogs, just as it’s safe for humans. The only concern is the cannabinoid’s interaction with medications in the liver. If your dog uses any prescriptions, speak to a veterinarian about CBD first.