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CBD and Coronavirus (COVID-19)… What Do We Know?

With so much fear and stress across the world due to the coronavirus, many are trying to capitalize on the situation for their own gain. There have already been cases of people buying up all the hand sanitizer or toilet paper in an effort to resell them at a large profit due to all the shortages.

Many people across the world are wondering if the worst is yet to come, and with economies collapsing, schools closing and many businesses failing, nobody really knows how long it will be until life resumes to normal. 

Some have even asked if CBD can help with the coronavirus at all… let’s explore.

What is Coronavirus?

Coronavirus is a type of virus and there are many different kinds of coronaviruses. A newly identified type of coronavirus has led to the current worldwide pandemic from an outbreak of a specific respiratory illness called COVID-19 that started in China in December 2019.

Symptoms of COVID-19 include coughing, fever and shortness of breath. COVID-19 can be severe, and some cases have caused death. This new coronavirus can be spread from person to person and it can be diagnosed with a laboratory test.

Where We Are Now (March 18, 2020) 

COVID-19 was first identified in Wuhan, Hubei, China, in December 2019.  As of this writing (March 18, 2020), more than 200,000 cases have been reported in at least 170 countries and more than 8,200 people have died from COVID-19. The outbreak was officially recognized as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11.  On March 13, the WHO announced that Europe has become the new epicenter of the pandemic.  

Mythbusters

First of all, there is no cure, treatment, or vaccine for the COVID-19 disease as of this writing. Many people are speculating on how the virus spreads, how severe it is, and what measures can be taken to curb its effects.  Let’s clarify some of the myths running around and provide facts from the World Health Organization:

  • COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates, contrary to what some have suggested.
  • Cold weather and snow CANNOT kill the new coronavirus.
  • Taking a hot bath does not prevent the new coronavirus disease.
  • The new coronavirus CANNOT be transmitted through mosquito bites.
  • Hand dryers are not effective in killing the virus.
  • UV lamps should not be used to sterilize hands or other areas of skin as UV radiation can cause skin irritation.
  • Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body.
  • Vaccines against pneumonia, such as pneumococcal vaccine and Haemophilus Influenza type B (Hib) vaccine, do not provide protection against the new coronavirus.
  • There is no evidence that regularly rinsing your nose with saline has protected people from infection with the new coronavirus.
  • There is no evidence from the current outbreak that eating garlic has protected people from the new coronavirus.
  • People of all ages can be infected by the new coronavirus.
  • Antibiotics do not work against viruses, only bacteria.
  • To date, there is no specific medicine recommended to prevent or treat the new coronavirus.

So What Should We Do?

The WHO has issued guideline for basic protective measures against the new coronavirus and to avoid exposure, including:

  • Wash your hands often
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth
  • Avoid close contact with others
  • Distance yourself from others in public areas (“Social Distancing”)
  • Stay home if possible (self isolation)
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces
  • Get plenty of rest
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Manage anxiety and stress
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Can CBD Help Against Coronavirus?

Other than greedy folks hoarding all the toilet paper and hand soap, many people are making some wild claims about what you should or shouldn’t do in order to prevent, or even cure COVID-19.  Unfortunately, the CBD industry is not immune to shady characters who will try to take advantage of all the fear and stress that COVID-19 has caused around the globe.

We’ve already seen new CBD hand sanitizers popping up on the market, and some have even suggested that CBD can be an effective treatment for coronavirus.  Sadly, these unscrupulous actors are taking advantage of the pandemic in an effort to profit off a vulnerable population that is already on edge.

While CBD has many benefits, there is not enough evidence that CBD can be an effective treatment to viral infections. CBD can help with many ailments and conditions, and has even been shown to be a natural antimicrobial, but it is not a magic pill or a cure-all.

While CBD may help symptoms associated with our immune systems responses to infections and viruses, there is not enough evidence to show its true antiviral properties.  One study has even shown that cannabinoids may even worsen viral disease outcomes in some.

So How Can CBD Oil Help?

While we’ve said that there is not enough evidence to show that CBD has any effects on coronavirus COVID-19, what we do know is that CBD can be extremely effective for anxiety and stress that many people are suffering from due to the current pandemic.

Studies have shown that CBD can reduce anxiety, lower the frequency of panic attacks, decrease conditioned fear responses, and can also act as a stress reliever. This is likely due to how CBD reduces activity in the amygdala and at overactive TRPV1 receptors, both of which have been linked to increased anxiety levels.

Maintaining a strong immune system is also paramount in order to prevent and fight infectious diseases.  Along with maintaining a healthy diet and drinking plenty of water, taking CBD Oil can also boost immune system response.

Regular exercise and getting plenty of sleep is also an important aspect of keeping a strong immune system. Insomnia and sleep disruption can weaken our bodies and make them more susceptible to infections. CBD has been showing promising results in aiding healthy sleep patterns.

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Final Thoughts

We at Tessera Naturals are continuing to monitor the current situation and will provide any pertinent updates that are important to our customers.  While our supply chain may be disrupted in the near future, we will do our best to remain fully functional and committed to our mission of promoting health and wellness, and make sure we can provide the highest quality products to those in need.

As always, we provide free shipping on all orders, which will help greatly those who are experiencing lock-down in some areas or practicing voluntary self isolation.

We pray everyone will stay safe during this time and please do your part and follow recommendations to slow the spread of coronavirus!

New Study Shows High-Fat Foods Increase CBD Absorption and Bioavailability

As more research continues to emerge on cannabis and its effects on our bodies, the question of CBD absorption and effectiveness is also being studied in tandem.  As with any vitamin or supplement, it doesn’t matter how much you take if it’s not being absorbed and properly utilized by your body.

If you’re brand new to CBD, start by reading out Beginner’s Guide to CBD.

Many supplements and medications specify whether to take it with food or while fasted. The research on CBD is still in its infancy so there has not been a generally adopted principal on whether or not to take CBD with food when ingesting it orally.

CBD Absorption Rate

CBD is highly lipophilic, which means it is more soluble in fat than in aqueous solutions. For this reason, CBD is usually contained within a carrier oil (MCT oil, grape seed oil, hemp seed oil, etc.), which has been shown to provide some “protection” for the CBD and aid in its absorption rate while it travels through the digestive system.

Going one step further, a new study by the University of Minnesota tested whether consuming CBD on an empty stomach vs taking it with food has different effects in patients. 

The study also examined whether the type of food has any importance on CBD’s efficacy. The results show that CBD absorption is more effective and bioavailability increases when consumed with high fat meal.

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Methodology of measuring CBD Absorption Rate

The research team measured CBD concentrations in epileptic patients who took pure 99% CBD isolate capsules. One group took CBD on an empty stomach while a second group took CBD with a high fat (840-860 calories) breakfast.  Researchers drew blood after two weeks and compared the results, then the two groups switched and researchers continued to monitor the results.  

The Results

The study concluded that consuming CBD with high fat food increased the amount of CBD absorption in the body by 4X vs the group that took CBD while fasted, and the maximum amount recorded in the participants’ blood was 14X.

For patients with epilepsy, consistency is key, so patients should strive to take CBD in the same manner for each dose, not to cause variations in blood concentrations, which could make them more susceptible to seizures.

For the average consumer taking CBD for conditions such as pain, anxiety or insomnia, you may want to maximize its effectiveness by taking CBD with food, especially foods high in healthy fats, like olive oil and avocados.


Key Takeaways

  • CBD absorption is increased when it is taken with high fat foods.
  • By optimizing CBD absorption rate with high fat foods, you may be able to reduce the amount of CBD required to be effective, thus lowering the cost of taking CBD.
  • Try and be consistent with the way you take CBD (fasted or with high fat foods) in order to achieve consistent results.
  • We advise healthy fats such as olive oil and avocados, vs unhealthy fats such as fried foods and trans fats.

Is CBD Oil Legal?

One of the biggest confusion consumers have is whether CBD oil is legal or not. Unfortunately, it’s not a straight forward yes or no answer. Furthermore, things are changing rapidly across the country, making it even harder to keep up with the current status at any given time.

CBD oil has been steadily gaining popularity due to the many therapeutic benefits it is able to provide without causing intoxication. For people looking to enjoy the health benefits of the cannabis plant without getting high, CBD oils would be a prime choice. 

However, even though CBD is not psychoactive like THC, it would be incorrect to assume that it is entirely legal under United States law. Overall, the precise legality of CBD products is a very complicated issue. Let’s shed some light on the current, often murky, laws regarding CBD.

Cannabis & Marijuana Laws

Since CBD is a constituent of the cannabis plant, we must first review the laws referring to cannabis and marijuana. Although marijuana has been classified as a Schedule I substance since 1970, individual states have since instituted their own laws on its recreational and medicinal use. 

As of this writing, ten states (Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, Oregon, Vermont, and Washington) have legalized cannabis for both medical and recreational use. In these states, cannabis products can be easily purchased by those who are of legal age, either online or at dispensaries.

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In addition to the ten states where marijuana is completely legal, 23 states allow for medicinal marijuana use. In 12 other states, marijuana is still illegal. Some states have also “decriminalized” marijuana, and similar legislation has been passed eliminating criminal penalties for CBD.

As an aside, federal law supersedes state laws according to the Supremacy Clause, but the federal government and the DEA rarely interfere with matters involving marijuana/cannabis use.

Is CBD Oil Legal? What Are CBD-Specific Laws?

CBD derived from hemp contains less than 0.3% THC. Although some states place restrictions on marijuana use, CBD is often allowed under certain rules and regulations. In some cases, CBD is the only accepted form of legal cannabis.

In states such as Texas, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Kansas, CBD oil made from hemp (with less than .03% THC) is legal. In Ohio, only CBD oils sold from licensed dispensaries are considered legal.

In states such as Wyoming, South Carolina, and Mississippi, CBD products are typically only authorized for patients with treatment-resistant epilepsy, as long as they contain less than the legal limit of THC. In Virginia and Wisconsin, CBD can be used to treat any condition as long as it is approved by a physician or doctor. In South Dakota, the only form of CBD allowed is the FDA-approved drug Epidiolex. 

If you are looking into any CBD products, we would advise that you review your state’s specific laws on CBD.

The 2018 Farm Bill… Is Hemp Legal Now?

The passing of the Farm Bill in late 2018 was a big step forward for CBD. With this bill, hemp, its derivatives, and THC contained in hemp were all removed from the Controlled Substances Act. The bill also made hemp and hemp-derived products legal for sale, transport, or possession, albeit under several regulations and restrictions. Hemp cannot contain more than .03% THC, and can only be grown by licensed cultivators who must discard any cannabis plants exceeding this limit. 

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Although the Farm Bill legalizes hemp on the federal level, it doesn’t make all forms of CBD legal. CBD and other cannabinoids are only considered legal if they are produced in compliance with the Farm Bill, and if not, they are still considered to be a Schedule I substance. Therefore, CBD produced derived from marijuana or by an unlicensed hemp grower will still be illegal. While the Farm Bill marked an important step in the legalization process, additional legislation must be passed before CBD is truly legal. 

Why Does CBD Oil Have Such a Confusing Legal Status?

CBD is non-intoxicating, non-addictive, has scientifically-backed health benefits, and is even accepted as a sole source of medicinal marijuana, so why is its legality so complicated?

One of the main issues is due to confusion over classifying CBD as a health supplement or a medicine. According to the FDA, any product intended to have a therapeutic or medical use is a drug. Many CBD products are marketed as health supplements, but are still used by people with serious conditions as a primary method of treatment, which also makes it a medicine. CBD is not psychoactive like THC-based products, so it has additional viability as a medicine, but its manner of use is still interchangeable.

It is also important to note that CBD products have a history of being mislabeled. If the contents of a CBD oil product are not verified by a third-party lab, it’s possible that it could contain potentially dangerous additives or more than the legal amount of THC. A lack of FDA regulation makes it impossible to make sure that all CBD oil products are quality, additive-free, and in accordance with the Farm Bill, which is why its legal status remains complicated.

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CBD Oil’s Future Legality

Even though CBD oil is technically not fully legal in the United States, recent trends suggest that full legalization could be coming soon. The complete legalization of CBD oil will require better regulation of CBD products by the FDA, more research on CBD’s effects in humans and animals, and increased awareness by legislators. The 2018 Farm Bill could allow researchers to more readily access CBD for studies, which might hasten the legalization process.  

A likely scenario in which CBD oil is legalized will be if specific standards for its preparation are approved by the FDA and DEA. This way, the contents of CBD oils would be verifiable. In addition, there’s also the potential that CBD will be rescheduled under the Controlled Substances Act, while cannabis as a whole remains the same. Given that THC is currently listed on its own as a controlled substance, it’s reasonable to assume that CBD and other cannabinoids could be rescheduled independently.


Key Takeaways

  • Hemp-derived CBD oil containing less than .03% THC is legal under federal law.
  • Most CBD oil is also legal at the state level, but many have strict rules and regulations on its use.
  • The 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp, its derivatives, and THC contained in hemp from the Controlled Substances Act, but it did not necessarily make CBD entirely legal on the federal level. 
  • Better regulation of CBD products and additional research will help CBD become fully legal.
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