Are there Side Effects of CBD Oil? Is it Safe?

While more and more people are using CBD, there is limited research into the possible short and long term side effects of CBD oil, although preliminary evidence is pointing to very little, if any, adverse reactions experienced by the general public.

The popularity of cannabis, particularly hemp CBD, has soared over the last 3 years and continues to grow with forecasts predicting that the CBD market could reach $22 Billion by 2024!  

Twenty-six percent of Americans have tried CBD at least once in the past two years. For patients with conditions that seem to respond to CBD treatment, the numbers are much higher.  A recent survey shows that 57% of arthritis patients have tried marijuana and CBD for medicinal reasons.

If you’re considering trying CBD for the first time, read our Beginner’s Guide to CBD.

Current Status of Cannabis

People have been using the cannabis plant as medicine for centuries to treat a variety of conditions, such as:

  • Anxiety and mood disorders
  • Pain (the most common use for medical marijuana)
  • Nausea or vomiting from chemotherapy
  • Epileptic seizures
  • Muscle stiffness or spasms from multiple sclerosis
  • Many other uses

Research is starting to turn the tide on the decades old notions that marijuana is the devil’s lettuce, and more and more states are beginning to legalize it for medical and/or recreational purposes.

While people are starting to open up to the idea, there is still a stigma associated with cannabis, especially when it comes to recreational marijuana.  This is mainly due to THC. THC is the chemical compound in cannabis that is responsible for making you high.

CBD, on the other hand, seems to offer the best of both worlds when derived from hemp.  CBD contains medicinal properties and has been shown to alleviate symptoms of many ailments, without the psychoactive effects of THC.

Even though cannabis derivatives are emerging as safer options over conventional prescription medications, we still have a lot to learn.

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What is CBD?

To understand the side effects of CBD, we first need to understand what is CBD. As mentioned, CBD (short for cannabidiol) is a chemical compound found in the cannabis plant.  Unlike it’s cousin THC, you won’t get high from CBD.

There are several varieties of cannabis that intensify specific characteristics of the plant. One variety of cannabis that is responsible for the CBD market surge is hemp.  Hemp contains a high amount of CBD, and only trace amounts of THC… which makes it the preferred plant for extracting CBD.

Is CBD Oil Legal?

While the 2018 US Farm Bill legalized hemp derived CBD, the details and execution are still in flux.  What the farm bill did was removed hemp derived CBD and all hemp derivatives from the DEA’s list of Schedule I drugs.  It also allows farmers to grow hemp legally.

The confusion is that marijuana and THC remain illegal, and it’s difficult for law enforcement agencies to distinguish between CBD derived from hemp and CBD derived from marijuana.

The legality of CBD mainly depends on whether the CBD comes from hemp or marijuana.

Another issue is that the FDA has some apprehensions about CBD. The fact that the FDA has approved a CBD-based prescription drug, Epidiolex, it expects that any product that markets CBD for health purposes should go through the same FDA official drug approval process.

In addition, if CBD is added into food, it is considered a “food additive” according to the FDA, and they have not approved CBD for that purpose yet.  This has led some jurisdictions to outlaw any CBD added to food.  

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How Does CBD Oil Work?

CBD takes effect by working on the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS).  All humans and animals have an ECS, which plays a huge role in regulating various major functions in our bodies such as mood, pain sensitivity and sleep patterns.

Our endocannabinoid systems produces cannabinoids of our own that bind with receptors all throughout our bodies.  Cannabinoids from plants (such as CBD and THC) interact with these receptors as well, and can help people who don’t produce enough cannabinoids themselves.  

Is CBD Oil Addictive?

There is no known risk of addiction to CBD. The World Health Organization (WHO) states that CBD is well tolerated by most people and is considered safe and that “CBD oil exhibits no side effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential.”  

The report also states that “To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”

So in other words, there is no evidence that CBD hemp oil is either physically or psychologically habit forming.

That being said, some people can develop a tolerance to cannabinoids in general. Some may even experience side effects of withdrawal if they stop taking CBD oil regularly, such as irritability, restlessness or nausea.

What Are the Side Effects of CBD Oil?

Various studies on the safety and side effects of CBD oil have suggested that CBD is generally safe and non-toxic in humans and animals and that high doses up to 1,500 mg/day of CBD are well tolerated by humans.

While the WHO has also stated that CBD is generally well tolerated by most people and is considered safe, there are some people who may be particularly sensitive to cannabinoids and might experience some minor side effects.

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Some of the noted side effects for higher doses of CBD oil include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Changes in appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea and vomiting

There is a documented list of side effects associated with the specific CBD-based drug Epidiolex.  These side effects include:

  • Sleepiness
  • Sedation and lethargy
  • Elevated liver enzymes
  • Rash
  • Malaise and weakness
  • Insomnia, sleep disorders
  • Infections

What about liver damage?  One recent study by the University of Arkansas looked at the effects that CBD had on the livers of mice and showed evidence of liver damage in 75% of the mice.  

Interestingly, many other herbal supplements can cause adverse side effects including liver damage. These products, like CBD, are not regulated by the FDA and caution should be taken when consuming higher doses. 

A big caveat to this study is that the mice were given doses that were the human equivalent to the maximum dose of the drug, Epidiolex. According to website for Epidiolex, a dose of 20 mg per kg of body weight is recommended per day for the greatest reduction in seizures.

To put that in perspective, that would be over 1300 mg of CBD per day for an adult weighing 150 pounds!  This is much higher than the typical daily dose of casual CBD oil users. Most people stick to somewhere in the range of 10-80 mgs per day, with slightly higher doses for insomnia, therapeutic effects and “flare ups”.

Some of the more serious side effects listed for Epidiolex include “thoughts about suicide, attempts to commit suicide, feelings of agitation, new or worsening depression, aggression and panic attacks.”

While these side effects sound pretty scary, as we’ve demonstrated above, the hemp-derived CBD products you can find on the market today such as tinctures, capsules and gummies contain much lower doses of CBD than Epidiolex. Therefore, it is not likely that over the counter CBD products will present much, if any, harm to the general consumer.  

Can CBD Oil Interact With Other Medications?

The biggest side effect of taking CBD hemp oil is that it can interact with other medications you may be currently taking.

Our liver has a family of enzymes called Cytochrome P450, which breaks down drugs into smaller bits that allow our cells to absorb them better and eliminate them properly.  

Although the effects have been shown to be minimal, if you take high enough amounts of CBD, it can inhibit the CYP450 enzyme’s ability to metabolize certain pharmaceutical drugs.

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Interestingly, CBD is not alone in CYP450 inhibition. Eating a portion of grapefruit or grapefruit juice have a similar effect.  Furthermore, Watercress, St. John’s Wort, and Goldenseal have all been shown to impact the CYP450 liver enzymes and inhibit drug metabolism.

If you are currently taking any pharmaceutical drugs or medications such as NSAID or blood thinners, you should discuss with your doctor before using CBD oil to discuss any potential complications regarding reduced CYP450 enzyme activity.

But Isn’t CBD All Natural?

You may be thinking that CBD is completely safe because it comes from a plant and it’s all natural.  That being said, the reality is we don’t know for sure if adverse reactions are possible in high enough doses.  

Even though CBD comes from the hemp plant, many natural herbal supplements have been shown to pose some risks and carry adverse side effects such as St John’s Wort, Echinacea, Ginkgo Biloba, Saw Palmetto, as well as Chaparral, Comfrey, Kava, and Skullcap.

Researchers have also identified over 20 traditional Chinese medicinal herbs that have been shown to possibly cause liver toxicity, despite being used for centuries.

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Side Effects of CBD Oil Depends on Dosage

As with any treatment, dosage has a direct correlation not only on the effectiveness of the treatment, but also to the prevalence of side effects.

Since CBD is not regulated by the FDA, there is no standard therapeutic effective dose for specific medical conditions, so many people are left wondering how much CBD oil should I take?

Furthermore, everyone reacts differently to CBD.  Several factors influence each person’s optimal dose of CBD including weight, diet, metabolism, sleep patterns, stress levels and genetics and it may take a bit of trial and error to find the right dose of CBD oil for you.

We always suggest starting with a low dose (10-20 mg of CBD) and see how you react.  You can slowly increase the dose over the next few days until you find the most effective dose for you without any adverse side effects.

Use Only High Quality CBD Oil for Safety and Reduced Risk of Side Effects

Since CBD is not yet regulated, and there is no external body holding CBD companies accountable, there is no guarantee that a product you purchase contains a safe or effective level of CBD.  

In fact, a 2017 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that 70 percent of CBD products sold online are incorrectly labeled.

The worst thing you can do is to pick up some random CBD product from your local vape shop, (or God forbid… a gas station!) without doing any research.  

It’s up to you as the consumer to educate yourself on what to look for when buying CBD oil products and not put yourself in danger, or waste your money and experience ineffective results.

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Here are some tips when considering CBD products:

  • Always review certificate of analysis (COA’s) and/or 3rd party lab reports to ensure the products contains what is on the label
  • Look for products that are manufactured in a GMP certified (Good Manufacturing Principles) facility and that the lab is registered with the FDA
  • Look for CBD from hemp that is organically grown, preferably in the USA
  • Make sure you understand the difference between full spectrum, broad spectrum and CBD isolate
  • Only purchase from a reputable company that is focused on quality and standing up for the health and safety of the consumer, rather than just making a quick buck

Key Takeaways

  • Cannabis has been used as a medicine for centuries with no history of lethal doses.
  • CBD derived from hemp is federally legal, while THC and CBD derived from marijuana is still illegal.
  • CBD works with our endocannabinoid system to help regulate various functions such as mood, pain sensitivity and sleep patterns.
  • CBD is non addictive.
  • Side effects of CBD can include diarrhea, changes in appetite, fatigue, dry mouth, nausea, elevated liver enzymes, sleep disorders and infections.
  • Most side effects of CBD oil occur when taken at extremely high doses (10X+) compared to the casual user of over the counter CBD products.
  • Purchasing high quality products from a reputable source is the safest option to avoid the dangers of any unregulated products you consume.
  • Before taking CBD, make sure to consult your healthcare provider first to discuss whether it’s appropriate for you and your condition.

9 Reasons Why CBD Might Not work For You

Does CBD oil work?  Here are 9 reasons why it might not.

Unless you’re a hermit, you’ve probably heard of CBD by now.  If you haven’t tried it yet, you may be wondering does CBD oil really work? There is plenty of buzz (no pun intended) about this amazing natural compound from the hemp plant promising to relieve symptoms of conditions from anxiety to cancer.

Someone who has been suffering from a long term chronic condition and has finally found relief after so many years will consider CBD a miracle.  Others are just happy to have found a natural remedy to help with bouts of pain and inflammation, mood swings or insomnia rather than resorting to popping prescription pills.

There is an enormous amount of anecdotal evidence supporting CBD’s value in providing relief from a variety of health issues. There is also a growing pile of scientific evidence showing that CBD hemp oil does indeed work.  

Unfortunately, there is also a lot of misinformation out there, often fueled by unscrupulous “snake oil” salesmen touting that CBD is a cure all for everyone with instant results!  Many people are confused about CBD oil and whether it works or not.

Many have tried taking CBD with disappointing results, or maybe felt “something” but chalked it up to a placebo effect.

If you’ve tried CBD oil and it didn’t work for you, there may be several factors involved, which we will discuss in this article.

A Quick Refresher On CBD

CBD (short for cannabidiol) is a natural compound found in the cannabis plant.  Unlike it’s cousin THC, CBD is non-psychoactive, meaning it doesn’t get you high.

Hemp is a variety of cannabis which has a high concentration of CBD and a lower concentration of THC (0.3% or less). CBD from hemp has been shown to provide a multitude of health benefits for conditions such as anxiety, pain, inflammation, immune disorders and other neurological conditions, with little to no side effects.

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How Does CBD Oil work?

CBD works by interacting with our Endocannabinoid System (ECS).  The main role of our ECS is to support balance and equilibrium (homeostasis) in our bodies. Our ECS also regulates many of our vital functions such as sleep patterns, pain sensitivity, mood, brain health, gut balance and cognitive and motor abilities.

Here Are 9 Reasons Why CBD Oil May Not Be Working For You…

1. You’re taking the wrong type of CBD oil

It’s important to understand the type of hemp CBD oil you’re consuming.  There is a big difference between full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD and a CBD isolate product.  

Full spectrum refers to a whole plant extract.  Besides CBD, a full spectrum extract contains 100+ other cannabinoids (including trace amounts of THC), as well as terpenes and amino acids that naturally occur in the hemp plant. 

CBD isolate includes only the CBD compound that has been separated (isolated) from the hemp plant extract.  

Broad spectrum CBD is the best of both worlds. It starts as a full spectrum oil, then the THC is fully removed.  Broad spectrum CBD has all the benefits of full spectrum oil, but without any chance of consuming THC.

Research has shown that full spectrum CBD and broad spectrum CBD offers higher levels of relief than CBD isolate due to the Entourage Effect.  

2. You’re taking the wrong dosage of CBD

If you’ve tried CBD and it hasn’t helped, you may be taking the wrong dose.  This could mean taking too little or too much.

So how much CBD oil should you take? While there is no right dose for everyone, finding the optimal dose is an individual process that each person must undertake.  It will require a bit of trial and error to find the right dose of CBD for you.

Furthermore, many factors can influence a person’s optimal dose of CBD including diet, weight, metabolism, sleep patterns, stress levels, and genetics.  Also some individuals are just more sensitive to the effects of supplements than others.

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CBD dosage also depends on your goals. Someone who is seeking relief of chronic pain from a serious condition such as Fibromyalgia will most likely need a higher dose than someone who is trying to curb a headache or minor bouts of insomnia.  Some have even suggested that low doses may energize you while higher doses encourage relaxation and improve sleep.

When beginning to introduce CBD for the first time, it’s best to start low and slowly increase over time until you’ve found the most effective dose for you. We suggest starting with 10-20 mg per day and slowly increasing from there.

Most people end up somewhere in the 10-80 mg of CBD range per day, with higher doses for therapeutic effects and “flare ups”.

Visit our free online CBD Dosage Calculator to determine a good starting point.

3. You’re taking the wrong format / or not using CBD correctly

The way in which you consume CBD is very important for its effectiveness.  Each delivery system offers a different amount of bioavailability, which refers to the degree at which a substance is absorbed into the bloodstream. 

For example, when you consume edibles, your body processes the CBD through its digestive system, filtering out a significant portion of the CBD.  A 2009 study reports that cannabinoids taken orally have a very low bioavailability rate between 4 – 20%.

Tinctures are the most popular way of consuming CBD hemp oil. With tinctures, the oil is placed under the tongue (sublingually) and the CBD enters the bloodstream directly through the capillaries there.  Since the CBD is not metabolized through the liver, this method leads to a higher bioavailability . This means that you can take a lower dose and still get the same results.

Many people use tinctures, but instead of taking the oil sublingually, they add the oil to their food or beverage. While this is perfectly ok to do, you’ll run into the same issue with edibles where the CBD must pass through your digestive system, decreasing some of its efficacy.

Vaping CBD enters the bloodstream directly through the lungs, with decreased breakdown rates and higher bioavailability overall. Vaping CBD offers the fastest absorption time and almost immediate result, but also has the shortest duration.

Topicals are a great way to relive pain to a targeted area in the form of a CBD hemp cream or balm. The important thing to note is that the CBD rubbed onto the skin will not enter the bloodstream and only provides relief to the localized area to which it was applied.

You’ll need to weigh the pros and cons of each delivery system based on your goals and lifestyle.

4. You’re not taking CBD with some healthy fat

Speaking of bioavailability.  It’s best to consume CBD with a little food if taken orally.  Consuming CBD oil on an empty stomach does not work as well because of our harsh stomach acids. These acids will break down the compound significantly if there is no other substance to slow those acids down.

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Aside from having something in your stomach, you should ideally consume CBD hemp oil along with some healthy fat such as from oils, fish or nuts..  The fat acts as a binding agent and “protects” the CBD as it travels through our digestive system and bypasses a good deal of first pass metabolism. 

Research shows that consuming CBD with dietary fat leads to higher bioavailability.  For this reason, most CBD products, whether tinctures, capsules or high quality edibles, are contained in a base of coconut oil, olive oil, hemp seed oil or other carrier oils rich in omega-3 fatty acids. 

5. You’re not giving CBD enough time

CBD is not a quick fix, and sometimes it needs to build up in your system just like any other medication or supplement.  Similar to an antibiotic, you’ll typically need to follow a regimen over a certain amount of days or weeks before experiencing results.

If there is some sort of deficiency in your endocannabinoid system, it most likely took time to develop.  In the same sense, it may take some time for your body to heal and bring itself back into balance. And remember, reaching balance (or homeostasis) can be achieved in very different ways for different people.

For some, reaping the benefits of CBD’s anti-anxiety properties may be felt almost immediately with the first dose.  For others, it may require daily use over a period of time. 

You may want to try using a journal to log your results when taking CBD. Keep track of how much you’ve taken, how you feel before and after, and note any changes in symptoms.  Over time, this can help paint a picture of how CBD affects you and what the right dosage is for you.

6. Your genetics

We’re all wired differently and genetics play a big part in how we react to CBD.  The reality is that CBD may not be 100% effective for everyone; nothing is. For example, if you’ve been regularly taking 100mg of CBD oil per day for pain and it isn’t working, perhaps CBD is just not for you.

As we’ve stated before, everyone is different and there is no “one size fits all” when it comes to CBD usage or its results. Just like when we join a gym and start working out, we notice that some people are blessed with “good genetics” and can pack on muscle and burn fat much more quickly than others.

Our genetics determine our sensitivity to alcohol and drugs, medications, health related treatments and supplements, which can vary greatly from person to person.

CBD is no different.  Some individuals will just be more sensitive and feel the results right away with low doses, yet others will need higher doses to reap any benefits, if at all.  Unfortunately, we have no control of our genetics and we get what we get!  

7. Your lifestyle

Unlike our genetics, which we have not control over… we most definitely have control of our lifestyle and daily habits.  Many people suffer from chronic diseases like diabetes due to poor diets and sedentary lifestyles or the stresses in their life. 

For example, if someone drinks excessive amounts of alcohol, constantly eats “junk food” and consumes no fruits and vegetables, they will have difficulty reversing the effects of their habits just by taking some CBD hemp oil.

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Besides diet and regular exercise, we believe that whole plant supplements can do wonders for our health and wellness.  Heck, even by taking a little fish oil and a high quality daily multivitamin, you’ll be much further ahead than the majority of the population.

If you’d like to learn more about leading a more natural and healthy lifestyle, we love Dr Axe and Dr Mercola!

8. You’re using low quality products from un-reputable sources

If you’ve tried CBD oil and it didn’t work for you, perhaps it was the product itself. The quality of the hemp CBD products you consume will be one of the biggest factors in producing desired results.

Unfortunately, due to the lack of regulation in the CBD industry, there has been an onslaught of shady companies trying to capitalize on this “hot new trend” and make a quick buck, rather than provide real value to the consumer.

There have been several cases where CBD companies are not genuinely selling what they claim to be selling.  Other companies are going even further by selling unsafe products such as synthetic cannabinoids in order to reap a profit, with no regard for the safety of consumers.

The main reasons for this is that the FDA has not yet given their seal of approval to CBD… yet.  Also, there is no external body holding CBD companies accountable to make sure that they are backing up their claims.

If you’ve picked up some CBD from a gas station or your local vape/smoke shop, chances are you’re not getting a quality product.  You’ll need to do a little more due diligence into the product, how it was made and the company behind it.

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When shopping for CBD, you should look for companies that use all natural ingredients, organic hemp farming practices free of pesticides, and high quality extraction methods (Supercritical CO2) with no harsh chemicals or solvents. 

Also, look for lab tests that show the potency, quality and safety of the products you are purchasing. CBD is not cheap, and your health is not something to be played with, so you should never buy CBD from a company that does not provide 3rd party lab results.

9. Your expectations vs reality

Lastly, your expectations play a huge part in how CBD works for you.

Because of the relation to the cannabis plant, many people expect to feel some dramatic sense of euphoria when consuming CBD. While hemp-derived CBD may help calm stress and anxious feelings, it will not produce a high like THC will. 

In reality, CBD is more about what you don’t feel, rather than what you do feel.  

When we have symptoms of pain, anxiety or insomnia, that is our body’s way of telling us that something is off. The goal of consuming CBD is homeostasis, and having homeostasis will bring your internal systems into balance in such a way that allows our body to heal and function optimally.  

CBD is not a cure all or a quick fix for all of the underlying ailments we’re suffering from. CBD allows our body’s self-healing mechanism to work properly, as well as providing us with temporary relief from the symptoms that our ailments are causing.

If you’ve tried CBD and were disappointed, perhaps some of the reasons above might have been a factor in your experience. If you’ve never tried CBD before and are interested in learning more, read out Beginners Guide To CBD.

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Key Takeaways

  • Understanding of the different variables at play can determine the effectiveness of CBD for each individual.
  • The wrong type, dosage and format of CBD can make a huge impact on how it works for you.
  • You need to consume CBD correctly, taken with healthy fats and give it enough time to see results.
  • Your genetics and lifestyle play a huge part in how CBD works for you.
  • Always buy high quality products from a reputable source, do your due diligence!
  • Maintain realistic goals and expectations when consuming CBD.
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CBD Oil For Pain

Does hemp CBD oil help with pain? What about other treatments?

On a summer 2018 getaway to the mountains of Colorado, Olga Cohen was offered a sample of hemp CBD cream to try on her knees.  Olga had suffered from knee pain for many years due to Chondromalacia Patellae, also known as “runner’s knee”, and had not been able to enjoy some of the activities she loved like hiking and HIIT workouts.

Within a few minutes of applying the CBD cream, she felt a sense of relief that she hadn’t experienced in a long time!  This was her first encounter with CBD, which led to many months of research and development with this miracle compound, until finally launching Tessera Naturals with her husband, Jason.

In this article, we’ll take a deeper look at the different types of pain, and some of the common and alternative treatments available, and using CBD oil for pain.

What is pain?

Most of us are not big fans of pain. Although unpleasant, it is one of the most important functions of our body.  It’s what makes your brain tell the muscles in your arm to snatch your finger off a hot stove.  

Pain is your body’s way of telling you something is wrong and needs attention.

In simple terms, pain starts when a specific nerve ending is stimulated, and sends a message to the brain. This could be caused by tissue damage, such as a cut or scrape, or when you stub your pinky toe on the bed frame in the middle of the night!  Pain can also come from damage to the nerves themselves.

Nerves function like cables transmitting signals (including pain signals), through your spinal cord to and from the brain. Your brain responds by beginning the healing process, such as sending additional white blood cells and platelets to help repair the tissue at the injury site. Your brain can also release pain-suppressing chemicals during the healing process.

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Different types of pain

Acute pain refers to sudden pain, or pain for a limited duration, usually resulting from damaged tissue (cuts, scrapes, broken bones, torn muscles, etc.)

Chronic pain is ongoing and is usually associated with a long-term illness, such as osteoarthritis or fibromyalgia. Chronic pain often results from nerve damage and causes severe muscle or joint pain.  Oftentimes, chronic pain is the defining characteristic of the disease. 

All pain can affect a person’s state of mind. In the case of chronic pain, it can cause emotional triggers like anger, depression, mood swings or irritability.  The emotional toll can even amplify the pain, causing a vicious cycle and worsening the situation.

Psychogenic pain refers to pain that is caused by psychological factors. Psychogenic pain can stem from physical pain (tissue damage, nerve damage, etc.) but the pain perpetuates and leads to anxiety, depression, stress, or fear.

Some types of pain can be localized, such as shingles, while some pain such as damage to the central nervous system, can affect a large part of the body.

Inflammation is a natural immune system response to pain and is part of the healing process.

When the body senses some sort of damage, it begins sending inflammatory agents to the affected cells.  The inflammation works to kill damaged cells, which is the body’s way of ridding itself of possible cancers and maintaining optimal functionality.  Unfortunately, inflammation can cause pain as well, exacerbating the impairment, such as the case of sciatica caused by a bulging or herniated disk.

Everyone experiences some sort of acute pain on a regular basis, but according to a CDC study in 2016, more than 20% of adults in the US experience chronic pain, with 8% having high-impact chronic pain, meaning the pain has limited at least one major life activity.

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Common types of chronic pain include:

  • Migraines
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Arthritis

Along with drastically reducing quality of life, chronic pain can negatively impact our productivity and wreak financial havoc due to healthcare costs.

Different Ways to Treat Pain

Conventional pain treatments


Standard pain medications are the most common form of treating pain.  NSAIDs relieve pain by preventing the body’s cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes from working. COX enzymes make hormone-like substances called prostaglandins, which contribute to pain and inflammation. NSAIDs include over the counter products such as ibuprofen and naproxen, as well as more powerful, prescription-level drugs.


Opioids are another type of pain medication.  Opioids are considered narcotics, and are currently the most commonly prescribed medications in the United States overall.  Opioids are typically used to relieve more severe forms of pain such as chronic pain, pain from cancer, terminal illnesses or severe injury.

Unfortunately, many standard pain medications carry a long list of side-effects from dizziness or drowsiness, to more severe conditions like blood clots and liver disorders. 

Opioid Epidemic
Opioids are extremely addictive, which has led many pain sufferers down a path of abuse. Prescriptions for opioids have quadrupled in the US since 1999 and the rate of opioid overdose has tripled in that time. Some statistics conclude that opioid addiction, overdose and deaths are at an all-time high in the United States.

Physical Therapy and Chiropractic

Physical manipulation techniques such as physical therapy and chiropractic treatments are extremely popular for conditions such as back pain, injuries and sports recovery.  Physical therapists and chiropractors usually work on aligning the body’s musculoskeletal structure to restore mobility to joints, and to aid the body in healing itself without surgery or medication.


Advances in technology have resulted in sophisticated surgical options to treat chronic pain.  There are many types of procedures used in various categories of pain.

The drawback of surgery is that is can be very invasive, risky and extremely costly, causing many to seek alternative treatments for pain management and leaving surgery as a last resort.

Alternative treatments

Eastern Medicine

Traditional Eastern medicine has existed for thousands of years and many believe it is far more advanced and effective than conventional Western medicine.  

Eastern medicine involves various techniques such as acupuncture, herbal medicine, exercises and dietary approach.

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Massage therapy is extremely popular for the treatment of stress and pain.  There are dozens, if not hundreds, of different types of massage techniques all treating various needs and providing different benefits.  

For chronic pain sufferers, a good massage can be a godsend, but the results are often very temporary.

Yoga and Meditation

Yoga and meditation often go hand in hand.  The main purpose of these techniques is to decompress the mind and body and relieve pain through relaxation.

Our bodies have a built-in healing capacity.  Holding a relaxing pose can put the body and mind at ease.  This, along with breathing exercises, can strengthen the flow of energy and promote a sense of well-being, directing our body’s energy towards growth and repair.

Natural Supplements

There are many natural supplements available to help relieve a variety of pain conditions.  Below are 6 natural options for pain management.

1. Turmeric

Turmeric is a member of the ginger family and can be a powerful natural pain reliever.  Turmeric contains Curcumin, which has been found to have anti-inflammatory properties and promotes immune response. Besides pain and inflammation, there are many other health benefits of turmeric and curcumin that show much promise as a natural treatment for various conditions.

2. Omega-3 fatty acids (fish oil) 

Fish oil has also been found to contain anti-inflammatory properties, and should be part of your supplemental regimen if you don’t consume enough fish in your diet.

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3. Chili peppers 

Chili peppers contain Capsaicin, which is an analgesic used for pain relief.  Capsaicin is typically applied in a topical cream for muscle and joint pain, and for minor strains and sprains.

4. Bone broth

While delicious as it is, bone broth can promote healing, recovery, immune support as well as pain relief.  Bone broth is jam packed with nutrients such as collagen, glucosamine and chondroitin which acts as a pain reliever for stiff joints.

5. Herbs

There are many herbal pain remedies that people have used for centuries, such as Willow Bark, Cloves and Boswellia to name a few.

6. CBD 

As more and more people are seeking natural ways to treat pain because of the negative side effects often associated with standard pain medications, CBD hemp oil for pain is showing much promise in this regard.  

Some people are suffering from conditions that cause chronic pain and are looking for ways to avoid or get off opioids.  As concerns over opioids continue to escalate, there is preliminary evidence that suggests CBD oil can reduce substance abuse behaviors and may provide a solution to opioid addiction.

What is CBD?

Using cannabis for pain relief dates back to ancient China.  Recently, CBD derived from hemp (a strain of cannabis) has become extremely popular, and is showing significant promise as a treatment for many conditions such as anxiety, depression, insomnia, nausea, neurological disorders as well as pain with little to no side effects.

CBD, which stands or cannabidiol, is one of 100+ cannabinoids in the cannabis plant.  The hemp strain of cannabis contains high levels of CBD and low levels of THC, which makes hemp ideal for those seeking the therapeutic effects of cannabis, without the “high” associated with recreational marijuana.

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How Does CBD oil Help With Pain?

Along with contributing to brain functions like memory and mood, the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in our bodies influence pain sensation and inflammation response.  

CBD and other cannabinoids and terpenes from hemp interacts specifically with CB2 receptors in our ECS, which are thought to serve an important role in immune function and inflammation.

The anti-inflammatory properties of CBD is unique, in that it does not work like other anti-inflammatory drugs by inhibiting COX-1 and COX-2 receptors.  This means there is no risk of developing ulcers, kidney and liver damage or heart attacks, unlike traditional NSAIDs. Some studies have even shown that cannabinoids (CBD and THC) are up to twenty times more potent anti-inflammatory agents when compared to NSAIDs.

CBD also inhibits glutamate release and other inflammatory agents, which makes it ‘neuroprotective’ and helps to reduce the negative sensations that neuropathic pain causes.

How To Use CBD Oil for Pain

For localized pain relief, topical hemp products are a great way to provide treatment as CBD is delivered through the skin directly to the affected area.  This process bypasses the digestive system, which leads to higher bioavailability and absorption over oral ingestion.

For more severe conditions and chronic pain, CBD oil can be taken orally in order to enter the bloodstream and address neuropathic pain, which is chronic pain resulting from injury to the nervous system.  How much CBD oil you should take will depend on the severity of your condition, as well as several factors such as your diet, metabolism, sleep pattern, stress levels, etc.

Note: When ingesting CBD oil orally, it’s best to use the sublingual method in order for it to absorb directly into the bloodstream through the capillaries under the tongue, rather than going through the digestive system.

To reap the most benefit of pain relief from hemp derived CBD, you should seek out either a full spectrum or broad spectrum hemp product, rather than a CBD Isolate.  This is due to the “entourage effect”, which is the exponential positive effects of consuming the various plant compounds together.  The combination of cannabinoids and terpenes in hemp, especially CBD and  β-caryophyllene, appear to be very promising for the treatment of chronic pain when taken together.

As mentioned above, pain can also lead to emotional and psychological break down.  CBD oil from hemp can also aid in this effort by curbing anxiety, stabilizing mood and reducing insomnia.

While CBD oil may not necessarily cure your underlying cause for pain, you might want to give it a try and see if it will provide some relief in order to restore balance and quality of life.  Combining both CBD oil and CBD pain cream can be a powerhouse for attacking pain from the inside and out.

If you’ve never tried CBD from hemp before, start by reading our Beginners Guide to CBD, which answers many of the common questions from newbies.

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As with any treatment, a multi-disciplinary approach is always best to attack your ailments from all angles, so we hope you take note of some of the various suggestions and options above and get back to living!

A word of caution: If you are currently taking any medications, CBD may temporarily deactivate cytochrome P450, which is an enzyme in our liver used to metabolize a wide range of compounds and drugs.  Please speak with your doctor before introducing CBD (or any new supplement) to make sure it will not cause any adverse drug interactions.

Key Takeaways

  • Pain is our body’s natural response telling us something is wrong.
  • Different types of pain include acute, chronic and psychogenic.
  • At least 20% of adults in the US experience chronic pain, with 8% having limited quality of life.
  • There are various conventional pain treatments including medication, physical therapy and surgery.
  • Many alternative pain treatments exist such as acupuncture, yoga, massage and herbal supplements.
  • CBD oil is a rising star in the treatment of acute to severe chronic pain.
  • CBD can be used topically as well as ingested and should be a full spectrum or broad spectrum hemp product, rather than CBD isolate.
  • It’s best to use a layered approach by combining Hemp CBD with other conventional or alternative treatments.
  • Always check with your doctor before beginning any new health regimen.
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Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil: What’s the difference?

Cannabis has become all the rage recently.  Some are even using the term “green rush“ to describe the burgeoning industry of marijuana, hemp oil and CBD oil products.  This, of course, is a wordplay on the “gold rush” which described the new gold discoveries of the 19th century.

Many consumers are curious about this miracle plant that is slowly losing its stigma, but there is a special enthusiasm for hemp and CBD, which is growing every day due to new studies and resources touting the various health benefits.

Unfortunately, there is also much confusion about CBD due to the disjointed terminology used to describe the varying components, as well as the sources they are derived from.

Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil

Most strikingly, the different terms to describe hemp, CBD and the various hemp-derived products is especially confusing. Many of the words are used interchangeably, but can mean very different things.

Is it hemp oil?  CBD oil? Hemp seed oil?  What About Hemp CBD extract?  Then there’s cannabis oil, marijuana extract… the list goes on and on.  

Many large consumer brands are also jumping onto the CBD bandwagon from CVS to Ben & Jerry’s Ice Cream to Coca Cola.  While these are certainly exciting times for the industry, it’s important to understand the terminology and really know what you’re purchasing.

The term “hemp oil” may refer to either hemp seed oil or CBD oil, but CBD oil should never be used to describe hemp seed oil… I know, confusing!

While both hemp seed oil and CBD oil share certain characteristics, and both have their benefits, there are some very important differences.  In this article, we will focus on the differences between hemp seed oil and CBD Oil.

First, Let’s Define Some Terms

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Cannabis is a plant in the family Cannabaceae, originating from Central Asia.  There are three main species of cannabis:

  • Cannabis Indica
  • Cannabis Sativa
  • Cannabis Ruderalis


Marijuana is a variety of cannabis that contains a high amount of THC, which is the chemical (cannabinoid) responsible for its intoxicating effects.  Marijuana is used for both medical and/or recreational purposes. Because of marijuana’s high THC content and psychoactive properties, it has been deemed illegal in many parts of the world, including the US.  Even though more and more states are legalizing recreational marijuana in recent years, it remains classified as a Schedule 1 drug on a federal level.


Similar to marijuana, hemp is another variety of cannabis, but has a much lower concentration of THC (0.3% or less).  Hemp is widely harvested for industrial uses such as paper, construction materials and textiles.  Because of the low amount of THC, hemp has also been cultivated for non-drug use as a health supplement.


CBD stands for Cannabidiol.  CBD is a chemical compound found in cannabis and has many medicinal benefits such as anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties without any psychoactive effects.  

CBD is present in all cannabis strains, including both marijuana and hemp varieties.  

Note: CBD derived from marijuana is still illegal in the US due to the high THC content in marijauana.  Hemp-derived CBD is federally legal in the US under the 2018 Farm Bill since hemp contains less than 0.3% THC. Thus, the legality of CBD lies in the key phrase “derived from hemp”.

What Is Hemp Seed Oil?

Hemp seed oil, which is sometimes referred to as hemp oil, is extracted by cold-pressing the seeds of the hemp plant.  This is similar to how olive oil or coconut oil is produced.

Hemp seed oil has been available in health food stores for decades. It can be found in products such as cooking oil, lotions, skin care, cosmetics and soaps.

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What are the Benefits of Hemp Seed Oil?

Hemp seed oil has been called a superfood as it contains high amounts of antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and amino acids.

Hemp seeds contain significant amounts of omega-3 and -6 fatty acids, which can help diminish the signs of aging, improve cardiovascular health and contribute to lower cholesterol level.

Hemp seeds are a great plant based source of protein, which makes hemp seed oil an optimal source of complete protein for vegetarians and vegans.  

Hemp seed oil is also a great moisturizer, and can be used to help hydrate your hair, nails and skin without clogging your pores

Because of hemp seed’s many health and nutritional benefits, everyone could use a little more hemp seed oil in their lives.

The only drawback of hemp seed oil is that it does not contain any cannabinoids (THC, CBD, etc), terpenes or other medicinal compounds found in the stalks, leaves and flowers of the cannabis plant. This means that it does not provide any of the benefits associated with whole plant hemp extracts.

What is CBD Oil?

CBD oil is derived from the stalks, leaves and flowers (“aerial parts”) of the cannabis plant.  Because the hemp strain of cannabis contains low levels of THC, CBD derived from hemp will not make you “high”.  

The ratio of high CBD to low THC makes hemp plants ideal to make CBD oil (and legal!).

CBD oil is extracted from hemp using either ethanol or CO2 extraction process… more on that later.

There are different types of CBD oil extracted from hemp including full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD and CBD isolate.  For a detailed explanation about the pros and cons of each, read our previous post here.

CBD oil can sometimes be referred to as CBD extract, hemp extract or phytocannabinoid-rich (PCR) hemp extract.

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What are the Benefits of CBD oil?

CBD oil derived from hemp works with the body through the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The endocannabinoid system is responsible for promoting homeostasis, which is the body’s ability to maintain in balance and function properly.  The ECS is implicated is regulating many of our body’s functions such as sleep, mood, pain, appetite, hormone, and immune response. 

Taking CBD oil can help with a variety of health related issues such as:

Importance of Knowing the Difference Between Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil

Run a search for CBD oil on Amazon and and you’ll find a plethora of “Hemp Oil” products, but what does that actually mean?  Hint: it’s not what you think.

If you unknowingly purchase hemp seed oil thinking you’ll reap the benefits of CBD, you will be greatly disappointed.

Also, extracting CBD oil is a much more complicated process than cold pressing hemp seeds, therefore high quality CBD oil products are much more expensive compared to hemp seed oil.  Some marketers are trying to jump on the CBD bandwagon and promoting hemp seed oil in the same manner as CBD, tricking consumers into paying a premium for run of the mill hemp seed oil.  If you fall prey to this tactic, your wallet will also be greatly disappointed.

It’s also important to understand what to look for when buying CBD products.  Unfortunately, many brands are falsely claiming that their product provides CBD, when in fact, it contains none.  

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What To Look For When Buying CBD Oil

Hemp seed oil is usually pretty straight forward in terms of labeling. For CBD products, it’s a different story…

Using your new knowledge of the terminology above will greatly help you decipher what to look for when evaluating CBD oil products.  If you’re interested in trying CBD for the first time, start with reading our Beginner’s Guide to CBD.

Here are some additional tips:

1. Make sure you read the labels to ensure that CBD, Cannabidiol or “Phytocannabinoid-rich (PCR) hemp” is listed as an ingredient as well as the amount listed, typically in milligrams.

2. Make sure you know if the product contains any THC.  Some people may not be able to ingest THC due to legal purposes, drug testing, or any other personal reasons.

3. Ask what extraction method is used to extract CBD from hemp.  CO2 extraction is free of harmful solvents and uses a gentle, low temperature, alcohol free process that yields the purest form of CBD Oil.

4. Check COA’s (Certificate of Analysis) and 3rd party lab test results to make sure they can back up their claims.

5. Learn about the company, its reputation and their return policy.  Make sure they are up front and can answer any questions or concerns you have about their products.

6. Read online reviews for the products you’re contemplating to see if others have experienced positive results.

All Tessera Naturals products use a whole plant hemp extract.  As the name indicates, we extract oil from the aerial parts of the whole plant, not the seeds.

We use a solvent free CO2 extraction process.  After extraction, our hemp oil goes through one additional process called chromatographic purification, which selectively removes any trace amounts of THC from our hemp oil. This leads to a THC-free CBD product, or what is referred to as “Broad Spectrum” hemp oil, which contains CBD as well as other minor cannabinoids, terpenes and natural compounds found in hemp.  (Except THC)

Feel free to get in touch with us if you have additional questions!

Key Takeaways

  • Marijuana and hemp are two different strains of the cannabis plant.
  • Hemp seed oil comes from hemp, while CBD oil can be derived from either marijuana or hemp.
  • Hemp seed oil is extracted by cold pressing hemp seeds only, while CBD oil is extracted from the stalks, leaves and flowers of the plant.
  • “Hemp oil” may refer to either hemp seed oil or CBD oil, so it’s important to know what to look for to determine the difference between hemp oil vs cbd oil.
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What is the Endocannabinoid System?

Balance is a wonderful thing.  Whether it’s mental, physical, environmental or spiritual balance, everything works better when there is harmony.  

With the rising popularity of CBD, science has recently uncovered a system within our bodies made up of a network of receptors, as well as the chemical compounds that interact with these receptors to support and regulate our internal equilibrium. This system is called the endocannabinoid system.

The main role of the endocannabinoid system is to promote homeostasis, which is the body’s ability to maintain balance and function properly.

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What is the Endocannabinoid System?

The Endocannabinoid System (or ECS) is in a sense our body’s control panel. It is found in both humans and animals.  

The endocannabinoid systems has only recently been discovered in the 1990’s and research is still evolving.  What we know for sure is that the ECS is a major factor in regulating many functions of our body including:

  • Pain sensitivity
  • Inflammation response
  • Appetite
  • Sleep patterns
  • Mood balance
  • Memory retention
  • Cognitive and motor functions
  • … and more

“The discovery of the Endocannabinoid System is the single most important medical scientific discovery ever and will save more lives than the discovery and application of sterile surgical technique.”

  • Dr. David Allen, Cardiovascular Surgeon.

The Endocannabinoid System is comprised of three parts:

  1. Cannabinoids
  2. Cannabinoid receptors
  3. Enzymes that break down the cannabinoids

1. Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are chemical compounds produced naturally inside our bodies.  They are molecules similar to neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine.

These cannabinoids have a profound influence on the human body’s health and well being.  The two best known cannabinoids produced in our bodies are Anadamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG).

Anandamide (AEA)

Anandamide comes from the Sanskrit word ‘ananda,’ which means “bliss” or “joy.”  This endocannabinoid is considered the body’s natural version of THC.

Have you ever experienced a “runner’s high” or a euphoric feeling after a vigorous workout?  If so, this is due to elevated levels of anandamide, which can be stimulated by exercise.

Fun fact: Anandamide is also found in chocolate!

2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG)

2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) has also been shown to mimic some of the physiological effects of THC such as enhanced mood and appetite, as well as anti-inflammatory and immune system response.

2. Cannabinoid Receptors

Cannabinoid receptors act as a sort of sensing device, like thousands of tiny radar scanners dispersed throughout our bodies picking up biochemical cues.  These receptors are activated by cannabinoids and influence many different biological functions, including:

  • Inflammation response
  • Neurological signaling
  • Appetite stimulation/suppression
  • Heart rate moderation
  • Mood regulation

There are currently two known types of cannabinoid receptors… CB1 and CB2.  Both types of receptors are very similar in structure, but have slight differences that cause a different array of responses in the human body.

Although both types of receptors are dispersed throughout the entire body, CB1 receptors are primarily found in the brain and central nervous system while CB2 receptors are found in the peripheral tissues, gastrointestinal system and the immune system.

Cannabinoids interact with our cannabinoid receptors in various ways.  Some are agonists, which produce a biological response such as euphoria or hunger.  Some cannabinoids act as antagonists, which block the response. Some cannabinoids can even bind to areas of the receptor and change its shape. These are called allosteric modulators.

3. ECS Enzymes

Specific enzymes are responsible for breaking down and recycling cannabinoids, and regulating the activity of the ECS.  These important enzymes include Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase (FAAH) and Monoacylglycerol Lipase (MAGL). Without these enzymes, the ECS would not function properly.

Interestingly, there is a case of a Scottish woman with a genetic mutation in her FAAH gene which resulted in elevated anandamide levels.  This caused her to be immune to anxiety, unable to experience fear and have no pain sensation.

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Deficiencies in the Endocannabinoid System

The ECS is constantly battling external forces to maintain a stable internal environment.  A well functioning ECS is essential for optimal health and well being.

If you are experiencing symptoms of anxiety and mood imbalances, chronic pain, inflammation, dysfunctional immune systems or a host of other health related issues, you may have an endocannabinoid deficiency that your ECS is not able to meet.

Many outside factors can cause a disruption in our ECS such as diet, stress, environmental pollutants, viruses and genetics.  Whatever the cause, think of a computer virus that can wreak havoc on a device and cause a variety of glitches, or even complete shut-down of certain functions… there is definitely an underlying issue that needs to be addressed.

Deficiencies in the endocannabinoid system can greatly disrupt our body’s internal balance, or homeostasis, and lead to a variety of medical conditions such as:

  • Mood swings
  • Lack of focus
  • Acne
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Insomnia
  • Digestive issues
  • Autoimmune deficiencies
  • …and many more

Israeli scientist Ester Fride concluded that mice missing CB receptors resemble babies who suffer from “failure to thrive” syndrome.  The mice lacking CB receptors didn’t suckle and died prematurely. This is a clear indication resulting from a dysfunctional endocannabinoid system.

University of Washington neurologist Ethan Russo concluded that “clinical endocannabinoid deficiency” (CED) is the underlying cause for migraines, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel disease, and many other degenerative and autoimmune conditions, which may respond favorably to cannabinoid therapies.

What are Phytocannabinoids?

The development of treatment options for ECS deficiencies are still in its infancy.  What we do know is that for people who have a deficiency in their ECS, phytocannabinoid supplements may be essential to restore health and wellness.  For people who are healthy, phytocannabinoid supplements may be a powerful preventative tool to help maintain balance and curb disease.

While our endocannabinoid system creates cannabinoids within our own body called endocannabinoids, plants also create cannabinoids called phytocannabinoids.

Endo = body
Phyto = plants

While phytocannabinoids are different than the endocannabinoids our ECS creates, they can still interact with our ECS receptors in the same way that endocannabinoids do.

In the end, both endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids interact in various ways with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in our endocannabinoid system.  Some have a stronger binding affinity, causing a more heightened biological response, while others have a low binding affinity, causing a more subtle response. Some may even block the receptor altogether, hindering specific unwanted responses entirely.

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Phytocannabinoids from the cannabis plant has become a major topic of research in recent decades due to the therapeutic effects they produce.

The two most studied cannabis derived cannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).

THC is the primary known for its psychoactive effects.  This is due to CB1 activation and its ability to induce heightened anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol synthesis produced naturally in the body’s ECS.

CBD, on the other hand, is a non-psychoactive (non-intoxicating) cannabinoid and has been shown to possess incredible therapeutic properties for a number of symptoms and conditions.

Interestingly, cannabis is not the only plant that produces phytocannabinoids. Phytocannabinoids are also found in several other plant species including Echinacea, Kava, black truffle and several varieties of teas.

How Does CBD Work With the Endocannabinoid System?

Our bodies are a self-healing organism. We are brilliantly equipped with natural mechanisms that kill cancer cells, fight infectious diseases, repair broken bones and naturally fight the aging process.  Cannabis is a unique herbal medicine that taps into how our bodies work naturally.

The hemp strain of cannabis contains high levels of CBD and low levels of THC, which makes hemp ideal for those seeking the therapeutic effects of cannabis, without the “high” associated with recreational marijuana.  In fact, some studies have shown that CBD may even reduce or soften some of the psychoactive effects of THC.

Hemp derived CBD can interact with our ECS both directly and indirectly.  It can act as an allosteric modulator, which alters the shape of endocannabinoid receptors to block a physiological response. CBD may also act as an agonist, as well as an antagonist which will either enhance or inhibit the binding action of certain receptors.

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that CBD can even influence several non-endocannabinoid signaling systems as well. Some of these mechanisms include:

  • Inhibition of adenosine uptake, possibly resulting in indirect agonist activity at adenosine receptors.
  • Enhanced activity at the 5-HT1a receptor.
  • Enhanced activity at glycine receptor subtypes.
  • Blockade of the orphan G-protein-coupled receptor GPR55.

Because of CBD’s ability to both bind to CBD receptors and alter the shape of receptors, CBD has been implicated in the treatment of a multitude of different biological afflictions.

Some of the conditions currently being studied include:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • PTSD
  • Epilepsy
  • Chronic Pain
  • Inflammation
  • Arthritis
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Substance Abuse Disorders
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes
  • Cancer

As the research and popularity of medicinal cannabis and cannabinoids has increased in recent years, many professionals and advocacy groups are actively involved in spreading awareness.  This has created even more research and interest in studying the ECS and cannabinoids, which has led to countless lives being changed!

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How to Take CBD to Regulate Your Endocannabinoid System

There are many ways to take CBD such as tinctures, vaping, edibles and topicals.  How you take CBD depends on your lifestyle, goals and personal preferences.

If you’re interested in trying Hemp CBD oil but not sure where to start… read our beginners guide to CBD.

If you’ve tried CBD products before but have experienced mixed results, you know how important it is to choose quality products and experiment with dosing to find the optimal supplement regimen for you.

Unfortunately, there are many low quality products flooding the market as CBD has become a “hot” new trend.

Tessera Naturals provides the highest grade whole plant hemp CBD products on the market and offers a variety of tinctures, capsules and topicals to help you in your quest for wellness and homeostasis.

Our commitment:

  • Made from 100% organically grown non-GMO hemp
  • Made in the USA from farm to bottle
  • Manufactured in a GMP certified FDA registered facility
  • 3rd party tested for potency, quality and safety
  • Free of heavy metals, harsh chemicals, solvents or pesticides
  • Legal in all 50 states, 2014/2018 Farm Bill compliant
  • 30 day 100% money back guarantee
  • Free shipping in the US

Lastly, every product you buy from Tessera Naturals helps protect our planet through our partnership with 1% for the Planet!

Feel free to get in touch if you have additional questions about the endocannabinoid system or about our company or products!

Key Takeaways

  • The main purpose of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) is homeostasis.
  • The ECS is made up of cannabinoids, receptors and enzymes that break down the cannabinoids.
  • Symptoms of anxiety, pain, or other health related issues may indicate  a deficiency in your ECS.
  • Phytocannabinoids (cannabinoid from plants) can interact with our ECS system and restore balance and help with various medical conditions.
  • CBD specifically interacts with our ECS in multiple ways to provide a whole host of health benefits.
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4 Tips on Using Hemp CBD Oil to Curb Your Anxiety

Does CBD Help With Anxiety? What About Other Treatments?

The Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) reports that anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S., affecting 40 million adults in the US, or 18.1% of the population.

While CBD from hemp oil for anxiety is extremely beneficial, there are other natural, healthy ways to curb anxiety. The optimal method to deal with anxiety, depression, and other mood disorders is to use a layered approach by combining CBD with other wellness activities.

Here are 4 tips to managing anxiety…

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1. Yoga

For anyone suffering from anxiety, yoga can potentially be your new lifeline, especially if you are using prescription medications that can cause uncomfortable side effects. Recently, more and more doctors and wellness practitioners have been recommending yoga as an alternative treatment for anxiety. reports that a young woman who suffered from public anxiety and panic attacks tried using yoga and within one month she was sleeping better and her panic attacks had decreased.

“The breathing helped, and being present in the poses taught me to stay in the moment and observe what was happening,” the woman said. “It helped me find a sense of peace in a turbulent time, and that’s carried over into my daily life.”

One of yoga’s main benefits is that it helps us regulate our breath, and our breath is intimately connected to our nervous system.

When we are anxious, we tend to take rapid, shallow breaths or we might even unconsciously hold our breath and then take big gulping breaths. If we slow down our breathing and breath deeper, we end up soothing our nervous system instead of aggravating it. Yoga can teach us to breathe with awareness and to use our breath to move through the challenging poses.

If you are curious about how CBD from hemp oil can help anxiety when combined with yoga, you can try adding CBD to your yoga regimen and get a double dose of anxiety relief.

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2. Meditation

Do you continually have racing thoughts going through your head, either at night when you’re trying to sleep or maybe during the day when you need to be super focused?  

Many studies have found that meditation can help reduce racing thoughts that wreak havoc on your physical and mental health and wellness. The Psychological Bulletin conducted a scientific study and came up with the overall conclusion that practicing mindfulness or meditation produced beneficial results with a substantial improvement in areas like negative personality traits, anxiety and stress.

Chronic worriers often display increased reactivity in the amygdala, the area of the brain associated with regulating emotions, including fear. Neuroscientists at Stanford University found that people who practiced mindful meditation for eight weeks were better able to turn down the activity of this area. Other researchers from Harvard found that mindfulness can physically reduce the number of neurons in this fear-triggering part of the brain.

Can CBD oil combined with meditation help treat your anxiety? Check out our selection of CBD products and give it a try.

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3. Mind + Body + Action = Stress Relief

The combination of your mind, your body, and your actions can be the ultimate tactic to manage your anxiety.

  • Your Mind
    • Accept that you can not control everything that happens in your day to day life.
    • Put all your stressors into perspective. Ask yourself, is it really as bad as I think?
    • Perfection doesn’t exist! Just do your best and be proud of however close or far you get.
    • Think positive!  Make an effort to replace negative thoughts with positive thoughts.
    • Learn what triggers your anxiety. Is it work, family, school? Look for patterns.
  • Your Body
    • Limit alcohol and caffeine. Alcohol and caffeine can aggravate anxiety and trigger panic attacks.
    • Eat well-balanced meals, drink plenty of water and keep healthy, energy-boosting snacks on hand.
    • Get enough sleep. When stressed, your body needs additional sleep and rest. Try to get at least 7-8 hours of sleep per night.
    • Exercise daily. Exercising helps you feel good and maintains your health and wellness.
  • Your Actions
    • Remember to take deep breaths. Inhale and exhale slowly throughout the day when you are feeling anxious or stressed.
    • Counting to 10 still works! Count slowly, repeat, and count to 20 if needed.
    • Give back to your community. Volunteer or find other ways to be involved. This creates a support network and can give you a break from everyday stressors.
    • Take a time out. Practice yoga and meditation, listen to music, get a massage or learn relaxation techniques. Stepping back from problems can help clear your head.
    • Talk to someone. Tell friends and family you’re feeling overwhelmed and let them know how they can help. Consider speaking with a physician or therapist for professional help.
Hemp oil drop, dropping on an open hand. Using hemp oil to treat stress, anxiety and depression.

4. CBD Oil

Using hem-derived CBD oil to help with anxiety can be a natural and effective way to be free from its crippling hold and improve our quality of life and overall health and wellness.

Ever since the passing of the 2018 US Farm Bill, hemp oil has become a popular natural remedy for anxiety, depression, stress relief, and many other common ailments we face.

While research on CBD is still in the early stages, people who have used CBD hemp oil have claimed that they’ve seen an overall decrease in symptoms for anxiety, depression, and stress.

CBD hemp oil can also promote a calm feeling with few if any, side effects. From Generalized Anxiety Disorder to Panic Disorder to PTSD and other specific phobias, studies suggest that CBD can have this same effect.

Anxiety not only affects our minds, but it also produces a wide variety of physical symptoms which negatively affect our quality of life. CBD oil can help manage anxiety by relieving the following symptoms:

  • CBD can relieve nausea
  • CBD can relieve headaches and migraines
  • CBD can make you feel more physically relaxed
  • CBD can help relieve muscle tension
  • CBD can help ease social anxiety

If you are curious about using CBD for your overall health and wellness regime and you’re wondering does CBD oil help with anxiety or to curb stress, we can help!

At Tessera Naturals, our mission is to educate and promote a healthy lifestyle which includes a clean diet of primarily organic unprocessed food, regular exercise and holistic medicine whenever possible. We are strong advocates of using CBD hemp oil products and other whole plant supplements to help enhance your overall well being.

We offer free shipping on all orders and a 30 day 100% money back guarantee. Browse our online store now.

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CBD 101: A Beginner’s Guide – How to Take CBD Oil

If you’re interested in trying CBD oil for the first time, you probably have a lot of questions on how to use CBD oil such as: What kind of CBD oil should I get? How to take CBD oil? How much CBD oil should I take?

While CBD has been growing in popularity in recent years, there is still a lot of confusion and it may be overwhelming to someone who has never tried it before.

We break down many of the common questions about CBD in this Beginner’s Guide to CBD.

What is CBD?

CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is a medicinal compound found in the cannabis plant. Hemp is a specific strain of cannabis that is naturally high is CBD and low in THC, which makes it ideal for extracting CBD. You can reap the benefits of CBD without the “high” associated with recreational marijuana.

CBD oil has been found to provide a multitude of health benefits with little to no side effects. Whether you want to promote a more relaxed mood, relieve aching muscles and joints, or if you’re dealing with more severe neurological issues, CBD may help.

Besides CBD, hemp also contains other beneficial compounds including 100+ minor cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and amino acids.  When consumed together, these compounds have been shown to work synergistically and increase the healing properties of one another.  This is what is called the “entourage effect”.

For a more in-depth look at what is CBD, please see our About CBD page and read our FAQ’s.

How Does CBD work?

The human body has an Endocannabinoid System (ECS) that translates signals from cannabinoids through thousands of receptors in our brain, central nervous system and immune system. The ECS is responsible for regulating many functions such as appetite, sleep, pain sensitivity and immune system responses. The ECS produces cannabinoids of its own, which are called endocannabinoids.

When cannabinoids from plants (phytocannabinoids) enter the body, they interact with our ECS receptors in the same way our internal cannabinoids do. These phytocannabinoids activate responses and provide a host of benefits from anxiety relief, pain management to neuroprotective properties.

3 Types of CBD Oil Extracts

There are three main types of CBD oils extracted from the hemp plant.  These include Full Spectrum CBD, Broad Spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate.

Full Spectrum CBD

Refers to the whole plant hemp extract, including up to 0.3% of THC.

Broad Spectrum CBD

Starts as full spectrum CBD that undergoes an additional process to remove the trace amounts of THC. It offers the “entourage effect” associated with full-spectrum CBD, without any chances of THC being ingested into the body.

CBD Isolate

Contains pure CBD only, and none of the other cannabinoids, terpenes or other natural compounds found in the hemp plant.

3 Pie charts showing the difference between full spectrum CBD & broad spectrum CBD. How much CBD do I take for anxiety? how to take cbd oil?

Research has shown that full spectrum and broad spectrum are superior for overall health and wellness than CBD isolate and provide a higher level of relief due to the whole plant profile and the entourage effect.

Broad spectrum CBD hemp oil is an excellent choice for individuals who wish to consume the full spectrum of beneficial compounds found in hemp, but can not have any traces of THC in their system, whether for legal purposes, passing a drug test, or any other reason.

Read our full post about Full spectrum CBD vs Broad Spectrum CBD vs CBD Isolate

How to Take CBD

As the popularity of CBD is growing, there are many different formats for taking CBD such as tinctures, capsules, topicals, vapes, and edibles.  While there is no “best” way to take CBD oil, there are some pros and cons to each and will ultimately boil down to your personal preference based on your individual goals, convenience and lifestyle.

Another factor in deciding how to take CBD is that different formats offer various levels of bioavailability, absorption rates and time frame for staying in your body.

Here are the most common ways to take CBD and the pros and cons of each.



  • Fast absorption and high bioavailability taking sublingual CBD as the capillaries under the tongue lead directly to the bloodstream, bypassing the digestive system
  • Easy to use (for both humans and animals)
  • Versatility (can be consumed sublingually or added to food and beverages)
  • Flexible dosing (fill the dropper to the desired dose and can also be split into multiple doses throughout the day)


  • Some people don’t like the taste of hemp
  • Some people feel that the process of holding the oil under the tongue for 60-90 seconds is inconvenient compared to taking a CBD capsule



  • Arguably the most convenient way to consume CBD
  • Tasteless and odorless
  • Exact dosage every time
  • Taking a CBD capsule doesn’t feel different or intimidating if you’re used to taking vitamins, supplements or other medications


  • Effects may take 1-2 hours to work as the CBD needs to go through the digestive system first
  • Ingesting CBD may be less effective as the CBD must pass through the liver, which reduces its concentration before sending it to the bloodstream

Note: Although ingesting CBD capsules have a slower absorption rate and less bioavailability, Tessera Naturals softgels use a proprietary nano-emulsion technology process, breaking down the oil into water-soluble nano-sized droplets that provide up to 5X the bioavailability of standard oil ingested orally.



  • Targeted relief for specific pain and inflammation
  • Useful for skin repair and skin conditions
  • Can be formulated and combined with other essential oils and beneficial ingredients


  • Can be messy before fully absorbing into the skin
  • Does not enter the bloodstream, therefore only offers relief to the specific area applied

Vaping / Smoking


  • Highest absorption rate and bioavailability
  • Effects can be felt almost immediately, usually within minutes
  • Easy to carry around and use on the go


  • Effects will last a shorter time vs ingesting CBD orally
  • Additional vaping apparatus is required
  • Stigma around vaping/smoking



  • Fun and convenient way to consume CBD while snacking
  • Can be a tasty treat
  • Everyone likes to eat!


  • Low absorption and bioavailability due to being processed through the digestive system
  • Typically contains low doses of CBD vs other methods
  • Some edibles include artificial ingredients and sweeteners
  • Not all edibles adhere to dietary restrictions such as celiacs or vegans
  • Unwanted calories
CBD Bioavailability chart. 4 Tips on how much CBD oil you should take for your first time.

Any Other Methods?

There are a few other methods to take CBD including rectal and vaginal suppositories and intravenous injections, but for obvious reasons, these are not desirable or convenient for the general public.

How Much CBD Oil Should I Take?

Finding the optimal dose is an individual process as each person is different, as well as the method of ingestion, so it may take a bit of trial and error to find the right dose of CBD for you.

Several factors influence each person’s effective dose of CBD including weight, diet, metabolism, sleep patterns, stress levels and genetics.  Also some individuals are just more sensitive to the effects of CBD than others.

Visit our free CBD Dosage Calculator for a starting recommendation based on weight, condition and severity.

In any case, it’s always best to start with a low dose (we suggest starting with 10-20mg of CBD) and see how you react.  You can slowly increase the dose over the next few days to find the most effective dose for you and your goals.

Most people stick to somewhere in the 10-80mg of CBD per day, with higher doses for sleep, therapeutic effects and “flare ups”.

Oil Dropper dropping CBD oil into a CBD vial. Your guide to dosing CBD oil and how to take cbd oil.

Where Can I Buy CBD?

There are many places to buy CBD hemp oil in all types and formats, but first and foremost, we highly advise against picking up some cheap unknown CBD product from your local smoke shop or gas station!

If you wish to buy CBD online, you will find the widest selection available as well as the convenience of shipping to your home. You may also find reputable local retail locations that sell high quality CBD by Googling “CBD near me”… but beware as not all CBD is created equal.  

Also beware that “hemp” products on Amazon are most likely made from hemp seed oil, which do not contain any significant amounts of CBD. They will not list CBD on the label, nor any amount of actual CBD contents. Although CBD from Hemp is legal according to the 2014 and 2018 farm bill, Amazon’s policy does not allow any CBD products to be sold on their platform as of yet, so you can’t technically buy CBD oil on Amazon.

Things to look for…

Read Labels

Always read labels to make sure you know exactly what you’re buying.

Is the CBD full spectrum, broad spectrum, or is it a CBD isolate?  

Is there any THC in the product?

How much CBD does the product actually contain? (Look for CBD contents in the entire package as well as CBD per serving or recommended dose)  

Are there other artificial ingredients or fillers?

Origin and Manufacturing

Many hemp plants obtained from Eastern Europe, Asia, or other uncontrolled or unknown sources may be contaminated with harmful substances or synthetic chemicals in order to increase yield, weight, or potency.

Look for hemp that is organically grown in the USA.

Are the CBD products manufactured in a GMP certified FDA registered facility?

What extraction method is used? Look for CO2 extraction for a solvent free whole plant extract.

3rd Party Lab Tests

Transparency should be key to any CBD product you are purchasing.  

Make sure to review COA’s (Certificate of Analysis) and 3rd party lab tests showing the product’s potency, quality, and safety.  Lab tests should confirm that the product is free of heavy metals, harsh chemicals, solvents, or pesticides.

Company Reputation

We like to support companies that go above and beyond just selling a product.  Learn about the company and its founders. Look for positive online reviews for the company and its products.

Does the company add value to the consumer through educational content and community support?

Does the company have good customer service and is able to answer your questions or concerns about CBD?

Does the company offer a return policy and a money-back guarantee?

How about free shipping?

Does the company give back and support good causes?


While price should not be the ultimate factor in choosing to buy CBD products, look for competitive pricing between $0.10 – $0.15 per mg of CBD, give or take.

Some companies are unnecessarily overcharging for CBD products based on their brand recognition.

The opposite extreme is also true.  Watch out for unusually low prices. Keep in mind the old adage that states “you get what you pay for”.  

Cheap is cheap… We believe in consuming only high quality, natural, healthy products and do not think it’s worth saving a few dollars to buy inferior quality products that may compromise your health and that of your loved ones.

Purchasing high quality CBD oil may not be cheap, but investing in your health and well being far outweighs the expense of chronic illness and disease.

The Tessera Naturals Difference

Tessera Naturals is committed to providing the very best premium grade broad spectrum CBD oil for sale on the market.

All Tessera Naturals CBD products are:

  • Broad Spectrum profile (THC-free)
  • Made from organically grown non-GMO hemp
  • Made in the USA from farm to bottle
  • Manufactured in a GMP certified FDA registered facility
  • 3rd party tested for potency, quality, and safety
  • Free of heavy metals, harsh chemicals, solvents or pesticides
  • Legal in all 50 states, 2014/2018 Farm Bill compliant
  • 30 day 100% money-back guarantee
  • Free shipping in the US

Lastly, every product you buy from Tessera Naturals helps protect our planet through our partnership with and other organizations we support!

See About Us page to read more about how and why we are the number one trusted resource for premium quality CBD products with no gimmicks.  Feel free to get in touch with us if you have additional questions.

Key Takeaways

  • CBD may help with a variety of issues such as anxiety, pain, cognition, and movement disorders.
  • Look for full spectrum or broad spectrum, rather than CBD isolate.
  • Choose your preferred format for taking CBD oil (tinctures, capsules, topicals, vapes, and edibles) based on your specific conditions, lifestyle, and goals.
  • Experiment with dosage.  Start low and slowly increase until you find the optimal dose for you.
  • Read labels and review lab reports to ensure you know what you’re buying.
  • Purchase CBD from a reputable source.  Familiarize yourself with the company and its founders.
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Full Spectrum vs Broad Spectrum CBD vs CBD Isolate

CBD is suddenly everywhere and is being presented in many different formats such as tinctures, lotions, edibles and more.  Because of the recent explosion in the popularity of CBD, there is a lot of confusion when it comes to the types of CBD hemp oil available. There is actually a big difference between full spectrum vs broad spectrum CBD vs CBD isolate.

First, Let’s Define the Terms…

CBD stands for “Cannabidiol” and is one of 100+ natural compounds found in the cannabis plant (specifically the hemp strain) called “cannabinoids”

Full spectrum CBD refers to the full plant extract. It contains the complete profile of cannabinoids, terpenes and other natural compounds that occur naturally in hemp, including up to 0.3% of THC.

Broad spectrum CBD starts as full spectrum CBD oil that undergoes an additional process to remove the trace amounts of THC. It still contains the complete profile of cannabinoids, terpenes and other natural compounds that occur naturally in hemp, but does not contain any THC.

CBD Isolate is a singular extracted compound that contains pure CBD only. CBD isolate does not contain any other cannabinoids, terpenes or other natural compounds found in hemp.

What is the Entourage Effect?

The cannabis plant contains over 113 active cannabinoids, as well as terpenes, flavonoids, amino acids and other beneficial compounds. When consumed together, the many compounds found in the cannabis plant produce what is known as an “entourage effect”. This is the synergistic relationship between cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids and has been shown to increase the healing properties of one another. Think of the concept of an orchestra, where the whole is much greater than the sum of its individual parts.

Orchestra playing in an auditorium. What is the entourage effect? is full spectrum better than broad spectrum cbd? full spectrum vs cbd isolate.

Full spectrum CBD obviously offers the full entourage effect. Broad spectrum CBD oil offers all the entourage benefits associated with full-spectrum CBD, but without any chances of THC being ingested into the body. CBD isolate does not deliver the entourage effect since it is only a singular compound.

Researchers found that full spectrum CBD and broad spectrum CBD offers higher levels of relief than CBD isolate due to the Entourage Effect.

Are There Pros and Cons to Each Spectrum?



  • Offers the full benefits of the cannabis plant (entourage effect)
  • Undergoes minimal processing
  • Can offer greater symptom relief due to the full plant profile (including THC)


  • May contain psychoactive properties and unwanted side-effects for those who are sensitive to THC
  • Some feel that full spectrum CBD has a strong odor and flavor that is unpleasant
  • There may be adverse implications of consuming THC for some individuals due to employment restrictions, drug testing or any other reason
  • While hemp oil was deemed legal in the US (if under 0.3% THC), there are still some grey areas in terms of consuming full spectrum CBD due to the trace amounts of THC

Best for:

  • Individuals who are seeking a certain CBD to THC ratio
  • Individuals with more severe conditions that CBD isolate and broad spectrum CBD could not alleviate
  • Individuals living in states where cannabis is fully legal



  • Offers the full benefits of the cannabis plant (entourage effect) similar to full spectrum CBD
  • There is no risk of psychoactive properties or unwanted side-effects for those who are sensitive to THC
  • There are no legal risks with broad spectrum hemp oil as it contains 0% THC


  • Some studies show that CBD and THC work best synergistically, enhancing one another’s beneficial properties
  • Some feel that broad spectrum CBD still has a strong odor and flavor that is unpleasant

Best for:

  • Individuals with conditions that CBD isolate alone could not alleviate
  • Individuals who get regular drug tests for their jobs
  • Individuals who are sensitive to THC
  • Individuals living in states that have strict THC laws



  • CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD
  • There is no risk of psychoactive properties or unwanted side-effects for those who are sensitive to THC
  • There are no legal risks with CBD isolate due to the lack of THC
  • CBD isolate is tasteless and odorless


  • Because CBD isolate is a singular compound, it does not deliver the entourage effect
  • CBD isolate does not contain any of the other beneficial cannabinoids, terpenes or flavonoids found in the cannabis plant
  • Although CBD isolates have been touted for their purity, research shows that when CBD is combined with other plant compounds, they can have complementary effects

Best for:

  • Individuals who were recommended to take especially high doses of CBD
  • Individuals who are sensitive to THC or other cannabinoids
  • Individuals who regularly undergo drug testing
  • Individuals who prefer light or no flavor
  • Individuals living in states that have strict THC laws
Woman standing in street looking confused. what is broad spectrum cbd?  full spectrum vs broad spectrum cbd vs cbd isolate.

So which is best Between Full Spectrum CBD vs Broad Spectrum CBD vs CBD Isolate?

The short answer is… it depends. Neither is better than the other, and each individual is different with unique conditions requiring different approaches.

For most, broad spectrum CBD is the best choice as it delivers the full benefits of the Cannabis plant without the psychoactive effects of THC. For others, a high-dosage of pure CBD isolate may be necessary, yet others may be interested in full spectrum CBD due to the benefits that only THC can provide.

Research is still emerging on the effectiveness of each spectrum, so it may take some experimentation to figure out which is best hemp oil for you.

Why we chose Broad Spectrum CBD Oil

We believe that it’s always best to consume whole plant products as close to their natural unaltered state as possible. This would mean that full spectrum CBD is the most holistic approach to consuming CBD. However, since our goal is to help as many people as possible achieve better health and wellness, and some people can not have THC in their system for a variety of reasons, we chose to launch with broad spectrum CBD products. Read more about what is broad spectrum CBD and why we chose it.

Always Read Labels and Lab Reports

As the popularity of CBD is growing, there is vast misinformation on CBD products and the terms used to describe them. Consumers must be aware that low quality CBD isolate is often added to MCT oil or hemp seed oil and sold as a “full spectrum oil”. Also, broad spectrum hemp oil has sometimes been used to describe a product that starts with a CBD isolate, and then other terpenes are added back in.

Both of these products are inferior to the high quality whole plant hemp extract that Tessera Naturals offers.

Whatever you put in your body, whether full spectrum vs broad spectrum CBD vs CBD isolate, always ensure that you only purchase high quality products from a reputable and trustworthy provider. You don’t want to cut corners when it comes to your health.

Be sure to review lab tests for CBD products that you purchase to confirm the actual content of CBD, as well as the quality and safety of the products. Buyer beware and as the old saying goes, you get what you pay for!

Key Takeaways

  • CBD is just one of 100+ natural compounds found in the cannabis plant.
  • Full spectrum CBD oil includes the whole plant extract (including THC).
  • Broad spectrum CBD oil includes the whole plant extract (except THC).
  • CBD Isolate contains CBD only, and none o the other cannabinoids, terpenes or amino acids from the plant.
  • Each has its pros and cons and will depend on your situation and individual goals.
  • Always read labels, review lab reports and make sure you’re purchasing high quality products from a reputable source.
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