CBD 101: A Beginner’s Guide – How to Take CBD Oil
If you’re interested in trying CBD oil for the first time, you probably have a lot of questions on how to use CBD oil such as: What kind of CBD oil should I get? How to take CBD oil? How much CBD oil should I take?
While CBD has been growing in popularity in recent years, there is still a lot of confusion and it may be overwhelming to someone who has never tried it before.
We break down many of the common questions about CBD in this Beginner’s Guide to CBD.
What is CBD?
CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is a medicinal compound found in the cannabis plant. Hemp is a specific strain of cannabis that is naturally high is CBD and low in THC, which makes it ideal for extracting CBD. You can reap the benefits of CBD without the “high” associated with recreational marijuana.
CBD oil has been found to provide a multitude of health benefits with little to no side effects. Whether you want to promote a more relaxed mood, relieve aching muscles and joints, or if you’re dealing with more severe neurological issues, CBD may help.
Besides CBD, hemp also contains other beneficial compounds including 100+ minor cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and amino acids. When consumed together, these compounds have been shown to work synergistically and increase the healing properties of one another. This is what is called the “entourage effect”.
For a more in-depth look at what is CBD, please see our About CBD page and read our FAQ’s.
How Does CBD work?
The human body has an Endocannabinoid System (ECS) that translates signals from cannabinoids through thousands of receptors in our brain, central nervous system and immune system. The ECS is responsible for regulating many functions such as appetite, sleep, pain sensitivity and immune system responses. The ECS produces cannabinoids of its own, which are called endocannabinoids.
When cannabinoids from plants (phytocannabinoids) enter the body, they interact with our ECS receptors in the same way our internal cannabinoids do. These phytocannabinoids activate responses and provide a host of benefits from anxiety relief, pain management to neuroprotective properties.
3 Types of CBD Oil Extracts
There are three main types of CBD oils extracted from the hemp plant. These include Full Spectrum CBD, Broad Spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate.
Full Spectrum CBD
Refers to the whole plant hemp extract, including up to 0.3% of THC.
Broad Spectrum CBD
Starts as full spectrum CBD that undergoes an additional process to remove the trace amounts of THC. It offers the “entourage effect” associated with full-spectrum CBD, without any chances of THC being ingested into the body.
Contains pure CBD only, and none of the other cannabinoids, terpenes or other natural compounds found in the hemp plant.
Research has shown that full spectrum and broad spectrum are superior for overall health and wellness than CBD isolate and provide a higher level of relief due to the whole plant profile and the entourage effect.
Broad spectrum CBD hemp oil is an excellent choice for individuals who wish to consume the full spectrum of beneficial compounds found in hemp, but can not have any traces of THC in their system, whether for legal purposes, passing a drug test, or any other reason.
Read our full post about Full spectrum CBD vs Broad Spectrum CBD vs CBD Isolate
How to Take CBD
As the popularity of CBD is growing, there are many different formats for taking CBD such as tinctures, capsules, topicals, vapes, and edibles. While there is no “best” way to take CBD oil, there are some pros and cons to each and will ultimately boil down to your personal preference based on your individual goals, convenience and lifestyle.
Another factor in deciding how to take CBD is that different formats offer various levels of bioavailability, absorption rates and time frame for staying in your body.
Here are the most common ways to take CBD and the pros and cons of each.
- Fast absorption and high bioavailability taking sublingual CBD as the capillaries under the tongue lead directly to the bloodstream, bypassing the digestive system
- Easy to use (for both humans and animals)
- Versatility (can be consumed sublingually or added to food and beverages)
- Flexible dosing (fill the dropper to the desired dose and can also be split into multiple doses throughout the day)
- Some people don’t like the taste of hemp
- Some people feel that the process of holding the oil under the tongue for 60-90 seconds is inconvenient compared to taking a CBD capsule
- Arguably the most convenient way to consume CBD
- Tasteless and odorless
- Exact dosage every time
- Taking a CBD capsule doesn’t feel different or intimidating if you’re used to taking vitamins, supplements or other medications
- Effects may take 1-2 hours to work as the CBD needs to go through the digestive system first
- Ingesting CBD may be less effective as the CBD must pass through the liver, which reduces its concentration before sending it to the bloodstream
Note: Although ingesting CBD capsules have a slower absorption rate and less bioavailability, Tessera Naturals softgels use a proprietary nano-emulsion technology process, breaking down the oil into water-soluble nano-sized droplets that provide up to 5X the bioavailability of standard oil ingested orally.
- Targeted relief for specific pain and inflammation
- Useful for skin repair and skin conditions
- Can be formulated and combined with other essential oils and beneficial ingredients
- Can be messy before fully absorbing into the skin
- Does not enter the bloodstream, therefore only offers relief to the specific area applied
Vaping / Smoking
- Highest absorption rate and bioavailability
- Effects can be felt almost immediately, usually within minutes
- Easy to carry around and use on the go
- Effects will last a shorter time vs ingesting CBD orally
- Additional vaping apparatus is required
- Stigma around vaping/smoking
- Fun and convenient way to consume CBD while snacking
- Can be a tasty treat
- Everyone likes to eat!
- Low absorption and bioavailability due to being processed through the digestive system
- Typically contains low doses of CBD vs other methods
- Some edibles include artificial ingredients and sweeteners
- Not all edibles adhere to dietary restrictions such as celiacs or vegans
- Unwanted calories
Any Other Methods?
There are a few other methods to take CBD including rectal and vaginal suppositories and intravenous injections, but for obvious reasons, these are not desirable or convenient for the general public.
How Much CBD Oil Should I Take?
Finding the optimal dose is an individual process as each person is different, as well as the method of ingestion, so it may take a bit of trial and error to find the right dose of CBD for you.
Several factors influence each person’s effective dose of CBD including weight, diet, metabolism, sleep patterns, stress levels and genetics. Also some individuals are just more sensitive to the effects of CBD than others.
Visit our free CBD Dosage Calculator for a starting recommendation based on weight, condition and severity.
In any case, it’s always best to start with a low dose (we suggest starting with 10-20mg of CBD) and see how you react. You can slowly increase the dose over the next few days to find the most effective dose for you and your goals.
Most people stick to somewhere in the 10-80mg of CBD per day, with higher doses for sleep, therapeutic effects and “flare ups”.
Where Can I Buy CBD?
There are many places to buy CBD hemp oil in all types and formats, but first and foremost, we highly advise against picking up some cheap unknown CBD product from your local smoke shop or gas station!
If you wish to buy CBD online, you will find the widest selection available as well as the convenience of shipping to your home. You may also find reputable local retail locations that sell high quality CBD by Googling “CBD near me”… but beware as not all CBD is created equal.
Also beware that “hemp” products on Amazon are most likely made from hemp seed oil, which do not contain any significant amounts of CBD. They will not list CBD on the label, nor any amount of actual CBD contents. Although CBD from Hemp is legal according to the 2014 and 2018 farm bill, Amazon’s policy does not allow any CBD products to be sold on their platform as of yet, so you can’t technically buy CBD oil on Amazon.
Things to look for…
Always read labels to make sure you know exactly what you’re buying.
Is the CBD full spectrum, broad spectrum, or is it a CBD isolate?
Is there any THC in the product?
How much CBD does the product actually contain? (Look for CBD contents in the entire package as well as CBD per serving or recommended dose)
Are there other artificial ingredients or fillers?
Origin and Manufacturing
Many hemp plants obtained from Eastern Europe, Asia, or other uncontrolled or unknown sources may be contaminated with harmful substances or synthetic chemicals in order to increase yield, weight, or potency.
Look for hemp that is organically grown in the USA.
Are the CBD products manufactured in a GMP certified FDA registered facility?
What extraction method is used? Look for CO2 extraction for a solvent free whole plant extract.
3rd Party Lab Tests
Transparency should be key to any CBD product you are purchasing.
Make sure to review COA’s (Certificate of Analysis) and 3rd party lab tests showing the product’s potency, quality, and safety. Lab tests should confirm that the product is free of heavy metals, harsh chemicals, solvents, or pesticides.
We like to support companies that go above and beyond just selling a product. Learn about the company and its founders. Look for positive online reviews for the company and its products.
Does the company add value to the consumer through educational content and community support?
Does the company have good customer service and is able to answer your questions or concerns about CBD?
Does the company offer a return policy and a money-back guarantee?
How about free shipping?
Does the company give back and support good causes?
While price should not be the ultimate factor in choosing to buy CBD products, look for competitive pricing between $0.10 – $0.15 per mg of CBD, give or take.
Some companies are unnecessarily overcharging for CBD products based on their brand recognition.
The opposite extreme is also true. Watch out for unusually low prices. Keep in mind the old adage that states “you get what you pay for”.
Cheap is cheap… We believe in consuming only high quality, natural, healthy products and do not think it’s worth saving a few dollars to buy inferior quality products that may compromise your health and that of your loved ones.
Purchasing high quality CBD oil may not be cheap, but investing in your health and well being far outweighs the expense of chronic illness and disease.
The Tessera Naturals Difference
Tessera Naturals is committed to providing the very best premium grade broad spectrum CBD oil for sale on the market.
All Tessera Naturals CBD products are:
- Broad Spectrum profile (THC-free)
- Made from organically grown non-GMO hemp
- Made in the USA from farm to bottle
- Manufactured in a GMP certified FDA registered facility
- 3rd party tested for potency, quality, and safety
- Free of heavy metals, harsh chemicals, solvents or pesticides
- Legal in all 50 states, 2014/2018 Farm Bill compliant
- 30 day 100% money-back guarantee
- Free shipping in the US
Lastly, every product you buy from Tessera Naturals helps protect our planet through our partnership with onepercentfortheplanet.org and other organizations we support!
See About Us page to read more about how and why we are the number one trusted resource for premium quality CBD products with no gimmicks. Feel free to get in touch with us if you have additional questions.
- CBD may help with a variety of issues such as anxiety, pain, cognition, and movement disorders.
- Look for full spectrum or broad spectrum, rather than CBD isolate.
- Choose your preferred format for taking CBD oil (tinctures, capsules, topicals, vapes, and edibles) based on your specific conditions, lifestyle, and goals.
- Experiment with dosage. Start low and slowly increase until you find the optimal dose for you.
- Read labels and review lab reports to ensure you know what you’re buying.
- Purchase CBD from a reputable source. Familiarize yourself with the company and its founders.
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Thanks for explaining that you will want to read the labels on any CBD products before buying them. I have been considering using some products to help with controlling my stress levels. That’s for explaining that it would be smart for me to check if there is THC in the products.
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It makes sense that you should thoroughly read labels of CBD products. My wife would like to try CBD soon. Hopefully, we can find a CBD product that will work best for her needs.
That’s a good idea to read the labels on CBD oils. My friend has been dealing with some really bad anxiety lately. She’ll have to try the right kind of CBD to help with it.
I like that you suggest reading labels for all CBD products. My wife and I have been looking for something that can help our son with his seizures while letting him be an active child. I will keep this in mind and make sure to read the labels on any products that we buy.
I like how you talked about each different way of using CBD and how it is growing in popularity. I have had a lot of injury problems playing basketball and CBD sounds like a great way to subsidize the pain and heal faster. This made me realize I should look for a professional vendor in order to make sure I get the correct CBD to help me.
My wife has been taking CBD oil to control her anxiety and it’s really helped! She wants to get something a little stronger now to also help her sleep. I appreciate you explaining the differences between all the different types of CBD oils so that I can choose the best one for her.
I didn’t know that phytocannabinoids can help relieve anxiety and pain in your body. My wife has been extremely anxious because she needs to get surgery for her leg, I want to find a way to help relieve her stress and anxiety so that she can get through the surgery calmly. I’ll see if I can find some CBD oil that can calm her nerves before she gets surgery.
It is good to know that you should think about checking the company’s reputation before buying CBD oil. That is good to know if you want to use it. Also, it might be smart to look at the ways you can use it.