Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil: What’s the difference?

Cannabis has become all the rage recently.  Some are even using the term “green rush“ to describe the burgeoning industry of marijuana, hemp oil and CBD oil products.  This, of course, is a wordplay on the “gold rush” which described the new gold discoveries of the 19th century.

Many consumers are curious about this miracle plant that is slowly losing its stigma, but there is a special enthusiasm for hemp and CBD, which is growing every day due to new studies and resources touting the various health benefits.

Unfortunately, there is also much confusion about CBD due to the disjointed terminology used to describe the varying components, as well as the sources they are derived from.

Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil

Most strikingly, the different terms to describe hemp, CBD and the various hemp-derived products is especially confusing. Many of the words are used interchangeably, but can mean very different things.

Is it hemp oil?  CBD oil? Hemp seed oil?  What About Hemp CBD extract?  Then there’s cannabis oil, marijuana extract… the list goes on and on.  

Many large consumer brands are also jumping onto the CBD bandwagon from CVS to Ben & Jerry’s Ice Cream to Coca Cola.  While these are certainly exciting times for the industry, it’s important to understand the terminology and really know what you’re purchasing.

The term “hemp oil” may refer to either hemp seed oil or CBD oil, but CBD oil should never be used to describe hemp seed oil… I know, confusing!

While both hemp seed oil and CBD oil share certain characteristics, and both have their benefits, there are some very important differences.  In this article, we will focus on the differences between hemp seed oil and CBD Oil.

First, Let’s Define Some Terms

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Cannabis is a plant in the family Cannabaceae, originating from Central Asia.  There are three main species of cannabis:

  • Cannabis Indica
  • Cannabis Sativa
  • Cannabis Ruderalis


Marijuana is a variety of cannabis that contains a high amount of THC, which is the chemical (cannabinoid) responsible for its intoxicating effects.  Marijuana is used for both medical and/or recreational purposes. Because of marijuana’s high THC content and psychoactive properties, it has been deemed illegal in many parts of the world, including the US.  Even though more and more states are legalizing recreational marijuana in recent years, it remains classified as a Schedule 1 drug on a federal level.


Similar to marijuana, hemp is another variety of cannabis, but has a much lower concentration of THC (0.3% or less).  Hemp is widely harvested for industrial uses such as paper, construction materials and textiles.  Because of the low amount of THC, hemp has also been cultivated for non-drug use as a health supplement.


CBD stands for Cannabidiol.  CBD is a chemical compound found in cannabis and has many medicinal benefits such as anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties without any psychoactive effects.  

CBD is present in all cannabis strains, including both marijuana and hemp varieties.  

Note: CBD derived from marijuana is still illegal in the US due to the high THC content in marijauana.  Hemp-derived CBD is federally legal in the US under the 2018 Farm Bill since hemp contains less than 0.3% THC. Thus, the legality of CBD lies in the key phrase “derived from hemp”.

What Is Hemp Seed Oil?

Hemp seed oil, which is sometimes referred to as hemp oil, is extracted by cold-pressing the seeds of the hemp plant.  This is similar to how olive oil or coconut oil is produced.

Hemp seed oil has been available in health food stores for decades. It can be found in products such as cooking oil, lotions, skin care, cosmetics and soaps.

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What are the Benefits of Hemp Seed Oil?

Hemp seed oil has been called a superfood as it contains high amounts of antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and amino acids.

Hemp seeds contain significant amounts of omega-3 and -6 fatty acids, which can help diminish the signs of aging, improve cardiovascular health and contribute to lower cholesterol level.

Hemp seeds are a great plant based source of protein, which makes hemp seed oil an optimal source of complete protein for vegetarians and vegans.  

Hemp seed oil is also a great moisturizer, and can be used to help hydrate your hair, nails and skin without clogging your pores

Because of hemp seed’s many health and nutritional benefits, everyone could use a little more hemp seed oil in their lives.

The only drawback of hemp seed oil is that it does not contain any cannabinoids (THC, CBD, etc), terpenes or other medicinal compounds found in the stalks, leaves and flowers of the cannabis plant. This means that it does not provide any of the benefits associated with whole plant hemp extracts.

What is CBD Oil?

CBD oil is derived from the stalks, leaves and flowers (“aerial parts”) of the cannabis plant.  Because the hemp strain of cannabis contains low levels of THC, CBD derived from hemp will not make you “high”.  

The ratio of high CBD to low THC makes hemp plants ideal to make CBD oil (and legal!).

CBD oil is extracted from hemp using either ethanol or CO2 extraction process… more on that later.

There are different types of CBD oil extracted from hemp including full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD and CBD isolate.  For a detailed explanation about the pros and cons of each, read our previous post here.

CBD oil can sometimes be referred to as CBD extract, hemp extract or phytocannabinoid-rich (PCR) hemp extract.

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What are the Benefits of CBD oil?

CBD oil derived from hemp works with the body through the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The endocannabinoid system is responsible for promoting homeostasis, which is the body’s ability to maintain in balance and function properly.  The ECS is implicated is regulating many of our body’s functions such as sleep, mood, pain, appetite, hormone, and immune response. 

Taking CBD oil can help with a variety of health related issues such as:

Importance of Knowing the Difference Between Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil

Run a search for CBD oil on Amazon and and you’ll find a plethora of “Hemp Oil” products, but what does that actually mean?  Hint: it’s not what you think.

If you unknowingly purchase hemp seed oil thinking you’ll reap the benefits of CBD, you will be greatly disappointed.

Also, extracting CBD oil is a much more complicated process than cold pressing hemp seeds, therefore high quality CBD oil products are much more expensive compared to hemp seed oil.  Some marketers are trying to jump on the CBD bandwagon and promoting hemp seed oil in the same manner as CBD, tricking consumers into paying a premium for run of the mill hemp seed oil.  If you fall prey to this tactic, your wallet will also be greatly disappointed.

It’s also important to understand what to look for when buying CBD products.  Unfortunately, many brands are falsely claiming that their product provides CBD, when in fact, it contains none.  

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What To Look For When Buying CBD Oil

Hemp seed oil is usually pretty straight forward in terms of labeling. For CBD products, it’s a different story…

Using your new knowledge of the terminology above will greatly help you decipher what to look for when evaluating CBD oil products.  If you’re interested in trying CBD for the first time, start with reading our Beginner’s Guide to CBD.

Here are some additional tips:

1. Make sure you read the labels to ensure that CBD, Cannabidiol or “Phytocannabinoid-rich (PCR) hemp” is listed as an ingredient as well as the amount listed, typically in milligrams.

2. Make sure you know if the product contains any THC.  Some people may not be able to ingest THC due to legal purposes, drug testing, or any other personal reasons.

3. Ask what extraction method is used to extract CBD from hemp.  CO2 extraction is free of harmful solvents and uses a gentle, low temperature, alcohol free process that yields the purest form of CBD Oil.

4. Check COA’s (Certificate of Analysis) and 3rd party lab test results to make sure they can back up their claims.

5. Learn about the company, its reputation and their return policy.  Make sure they are up front and can answer any questions or concerns you have about their products.

6. Read online reviews for the products you’re contemplating to see if others have experienced positive results.

All Tessera Naturals products use a whole plant hemp extract.  As the name indicates, we extract oil from the aerial parts of the whole plant, not the seeds.

We use a solvent free CO2 extraction process.  After extraction, our hemp oil goes through one additional process called chromatographic purification, which selectively removes any trace amounts of THC from our hemp oil. This leads to a THC-free CBD product, or what is referred to as “Broad Spectrum” hemp oil, which contains CBD as well as other minor cannabinoids, terpenes and natural compounds found in hemp.  (Except THC)

Feel free to get in touch with us if you have additional questions!

Key Takeaways

  • Marijuana and hemp are two different strains of the cannabis plant.
  • Hemp seed oil comes from hemp, while CBD oil can be derived from either marijuana or hemp.
  • Hemp seed oil is extracted by cold pressing hemp seeds only, while CBD oil is extracted from the stalks, leaves and flowers of the plant.
  • “Hemp oil” may refer to either hemp seed oil or CBD oil, so it’s important to know what to look for to determine the difference between hemp oil vs cbd oil.
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What is the Endocannabinoid System?

Balance is a wonderful thing.  Whether it’s mental, physical, environmental or spiritual balance, everything works better when there is harmony.  

With the rising popularity of CBD, science has recently uncovered a system within our bodies made up of a network of receptors, as well as the chemical compounds that interact with these receptors to support and regulate our internal equilibrium. This system is called the endocannabinoid system.

The main role of the endocannabinoid system is to promote homeostasis, which is the body’s ability to maintain balance and function properly.

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What is the Endocannabinoid System?

The Endocannabinoid System (or ECS) is in a sense our body’s control panel. It is found in both humans and animals.  

The endocannabinoid systems has only recently been discovered in the 1990’s and research is still evolving.  What we know for sure is that the ECS is a major factor in regulating many functions of our body including:

  • Pain sensitivity
  • Inflammation response
  • Appetite
  • Sleep patterns
  • Mood balance
  • Memory retention
  • Cognitive and motor functions
  • … and more

“The discovery of the Endocannabinoid System is the single most important medical scientific discovery ever and will save more lives than the discovery and application of sterile surgical technique.”

  • Dr. David Allen, Cardiovascular Surgeon.

The Endocannabinoid System is comprised of three parts:

  1. Cannabinoids
  2. Cannabinoid receptors
  3. Enzymes that break down the cannabinoids

1. Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are chemical compounds produced naturally inside our bodies.  They are molecules similar to neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine.

These cannabinoids have a profound influence on the human body’s health and well being.  The two best known cannabinoids produced in our bodies are Anadamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG).

Anandamide (AEA)

Anandamide comes from the Sanskrit word ‘ananda,’ which means “bliss” or “joy.”  This endocannabinoid is considered the body’s natural version of THC.

Have you ever experienced a “runner’s high” or a euphoric feeling after a vigorous workout?  If so, this is due to elevated levels of anandamide, which can be stimulated by exercise.

Fun fact: Anandamide is also found in chocolate!

2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG)

2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) has also been shown to mimic some of the physiological effects of THC such as enhanced mood and appetite, as well as anti-inflammatory and immune system response.

2. Cannabinoid Receptors

Cannabinoid receptors act as a sort of sensing device, like thousands of tiny radar scanners dispersed throughout our bodies picking up biochemical cues.  These receptors are activated by cannabinoids and influence many different biological functions, including:

  • Inflammation response
  • Neurological signaling
  • Appetite stimulation/suppression
  • Heart rate moderation
  • Mood regulation

There are currently two known types of cannabinoid receptors… CB1 and CB2.  Both types of receptors are very similar in structure, but have slight differences that cause a different array of responses in the human body.

Although both types of receptors are dispersed throughout the entire body, CB1 receptors are primarily found in the brain and central nervous system while CB2 receptors are found in the peripheral tissues, gastrointestinal system and the immune system.

Cannabinoids interact with our cannabinoid receptors in various ways.  Some are agonists, which produce a biological response such as euphoria or hunger.  Some cannabinoids act as antagonists, which block the response. Some cannabinoids can even bind to areas of the receptor and change its shape. These are called allosteric modulators.

3. ECS Enzymes

Specific enzymes are responsible for breaking down and recycling cannabinoids, and regulating the activity of the ECS.  These important enzymes include Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase (FAAH) and Monoacylglycerol Lipase (MAGL). Without these enzymes, the ECS would not function properly.

Interestingly, there is a case of a Scottish woman with a genetic mutation in her FAAH gene which resulted in elevated anandamide levels.  This caused her to be immune to anxiety, unable to experience fear and have no pain sensation.

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Deficiencies in the Endocannabinoid System

The ECS is constantly battling external forces to maintain a stable internal environment.  A well functioning ECS is essential for optimal health and well being.

If you are experiencing symptoms of anxiety and mood imbalances, chronic pain, inflammation, dysfunctional immune systems or a host of other health related issues, you may have an endocannabinoid deficiency that your ECS is not able to meet.

Many outside factors can cause a disruption in our ECS such as diet, stress, environmental pollutants, viruses and genetics.  Whatever the cause, think of a computer virus that can wreak havoc on a device and cause a variety of glitches, or even complete shut-down of certain functions… there is definitely an underlying issue that needs to be addressed.

Deficiencies in the endocannabinoid system can greatly disrupt our body’s internal balance, or homeostasis, and lead to a variety of medical conditions such as:

  • Mood swings
  • Lack of focus
  • Acne
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Insomnia
  • Digestive issues
  • Autoimmune deficiencies
  • …and many more

Israeli scientist Ester Fride concluded that mice missing CB receptors resemble babies who suffer from “failure to thrive” syndrome.  The mice lacking CB receptors didn’t suckle and died prematurely. This is a clear indication resulting from a dysfunctional endocannabinoid system.

University of Washington neurologist Ethan Russo concluded that “clinical endocannabinoid deficiency” (CED) is the underlying cause for migraines, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel disease, and many other degenerative and autoimmune conditions, which may respond favorably to cannabinoid therapies.

What are Phytocannabinoids?

The development of treatment options for ECS deficiencies are still in its infancy.  What we do know is that for people who have a deficiency in their ECS, phytocannabinoid supplements may be essential to restore health and wellness.  For people who are healthy, phytocannabinoid supplements may be a powerful preventative tool to help maintain balance and curb disease.

While our endocannabinoid system creates cannabinoids within our own body called endocannabinoids, plants also create cannabinoids called phytocannabinoids.

Endo = body
Phyto = plants

While phytocannabinoids are different than the endocannabinoids our ECS creates, they can still interact with our ECS receptors in the same way that endocannabinoids do.

In the end, both endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids interact in various ways with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in our endocannabinoid system.  Some have a stronger binding affinity, causing a more heightened biological response, while others have a low binding affinity, causing a more subtle response. Some may even block the receptor altogether, hindering specific unwanted responses entirely.

Image showing the chemical difference between CBD and THC. What is the endocannabinoid system and how is CBD involved?


Phytocannabinoids from the cannabis plant has become a major topic of research in recent decades due to the therapeutic effects they produce.

The two most studied cannabis derived cannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).

THC is the primary known for its psychoactive effects.  This is due to CB1 activation and its ability to induce heightened anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol synthesis produced naturally in the body’s ECS.

CBD, on the other hand, is a non-psychoactive (non-intoxicating) cannabinoid and has been shown to possess incredible therapeutic properties for a number of symptoms and conditions.

Interestingly, cannabis is not the only plant that produces phytocannabinoids. Phytocannabinoids are also found in several other plant species including Echinacea, Kava, black truffle and several varieties of teas.

How Does CBD Work With the Endocannabinoid System?

Our bodies are a self-healing organism. We are brilliantly equipped with natural mechanisms that kill cancer cells, fight infectious diseases, repair broken bones and naturally fight the aging process.  Cannabis is a unique herbal medicine that taps into how our bodies work naturally.

The hemp strain of cannabis contains high levels of CBD and low levels of THC, which makes hemp ideal for those seeking the therapeutic effects of cannabis, without the “high” associated with recreational marijuana.  In fact, some studies have shown that CBD may even reduce or soften some of the psychoactive effects of THC.

Hemp derived CBD can interact with our ECS both directly and indirectly.  It can act as an allosteric modulator, which alters the shape of endocannabinoid receptors to block a physiological response. CBD may also act as an agonist, as well as an antagonist which will either enhance or inhibit the binding action of certain receptors.

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that CBD can even influence several non-endocannabinoid signaling systems as well. Some of these mechanisms include:

  • Inhibition of adenosine uptake, possibly resulting in indirect agonist activity at adenosine receptors.
  • Enhanced activity at the 5-HT1a receptor.
  • Enhanced activity at glycine receptor subtypes.
  • Blockade of the orphan G-protein-coupled receptor GPR55.

Because of CBD’s ability to both bind to CBD receptors and alter the shape of receptors, CBD has been implicated in the treatment of a multitude of different biological afflictions.

Some of the conditions currently being studied include:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • PTSD
  • Epilepsy
  • Chronic Pain
  • Inflammation
  • Arthritis
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Substance Abuse Disorders
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes
  • Cancer

As the research and popularity of medicinal cannabis and cannabinoids has increased in recent years, many professionals and advocacy groups are actively involved in spreading awareness.  This has created even more research and interest in studying the ECS and cannabinoids, which has led to countless lives being changed!

Cosmetics and makeup on a table. cannabinoid receptors. brain receptors.

How to Take CBD to Regulate Your Endocannabinoid System

There are many ways to take CBD such as tinctures, vaping, edibles and topicals.  How you take CBD depends on your lifestyle, goals and personal preferences.

If you’re interested in trying Hemp CBD oil but not sure where to start… read our beginners guide to CBD.

If you’ve tried CBD products before but have experienced mixed results, you know how important it is to choose quality products and experiment with dosing to find the optimal supplement regimen for you.

Unfortunately, there are many low quality products flooding the market as CBD has become a “hot” new trend.

Tessera Naturals provides the highest grade whole plant hemp CBD products on the market and offers a variety of tinctures, capsules and topicals to help you in your quest for wellness and homeostasis.

Our commitment:

  • Made from 100% organically grown non-GMO hemp
  • Made in the USA from farm to bottle
  • Manufactured in a GMP certified FDA registered facility
  • 3rd party tested for potency, quality and safety
  • Free of heavy metals, harsh chemicals, solvents or pesticides
  • Legal in all 50 states, 2014/2018 Farm Bill compliant
  • 30 day 100% money back guarantee
  • Free shipping in the US

Lastly, every product you buy from Tessera Naturals helps protect our planet through our partnership with 1% for the Planet!

Feel free to get in touch if you have additional questions about the endocannabinoid system or about our company or products!

Key Takeaways

  • The main purpose of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) is homeostasis.
  • The ECS is made up of cannabinoids, receptors and enzymes that break down the cannabinoids.
  • Symptoms of anxiety, pain, or other health related issues may indicate  a deficiency in your ECS.
  • Phytocannabinoids (cannabinoid from plants) can interact with our ECS system and restore balance and help with various medical conditions.
  • CBD specifically interacts with our ECS in multiple ways to provide a whole host of health benefits.
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4 Tips on Using Hemp CBD Oil to Curb Your Anxiety

Does CBD Help With Anxiety? What About Other Treatments?

The Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) reports that anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S., affecting 40 million adults in the US, or 18.1% of the population.

While CBD from hemp oil for anxiety is extremely beneficial, there are other natural, healthy ways to curb anxiety. The optimal method to deal with anxiety, depression, and other mood disorders is to use a layered approach by combining CBD with other wellness activities.

Here are 4 tips to managing anxiety…

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1. Yoga

For anyone suffering from anxiety, yoga can potentially be your new lifeline, especially if you are using prescription medications that can cause uncomfortable side effects. Recently, more and more doctors and wellness practitioners have been recommending yoga as an alternative treatment for anxiety.

YogaJournal.com reports that a young woman who suffered from public anxiety and panic attacks tried using yoga and within one month she was sleeping better and her panic attacks had decreased.

“The breathing helped, and being present in the poses taught me to stay in the moment and observe what was happening,” the woman said. “It helped me find a sense of peace in a turbulent time, and that’s carried over into my daily life.”

One of yoga’s main benefits is that it helps us regulate our breath, and our breath is intimately connected to our nervous system.

When we are anxious, we tend to take rapid, shallow breaths or we might even unconsciously hold our breath and then take big gulping breaths. If we slow down our breathing and breath deeper, we end up soothing our nervous system instead of aggravating it. Yoga can teach us to breathe with awareness and to use our breath to move through the challenging poses.

If you are curious about how CBD from hemp oil can help anxiety when combined with yoga, you can try adding CBD to your yoga regimen and get a double dose of anxiety relief.

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2. Meditation

Do you continually have racing thoughts going through your head, either at night when you’re trying to sleep or maybe during the day when you need to be super focused?  

Many studies have found that meditation can help reduce racing thoughts that wreak havoc on your physical and mental health and wellness. The Psychological Bulletin conducted a scientific study and came up with the overall conclusion that practicing mindfulness or meditation produced beneficial results with a substantial improvement in areas like negative personality traits, anxiety and stress.

Chronic worriers often display increased reactivity in the amygdala, the area of the brain associated with regulating emotions, including fear. Neuroscientists at Stanford University found that people who practiced mindful meditation for eight weeks were better able to turn down the activity of this area. Other researchers from Harvard found that mindfulness can physically reduce the number of neurons in this fear-triggering part of the brain.

Can CBD oil combined with meditation help treat your anxiety? Check out our selection of CBD products and give it a try.

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3. Mind + Body + Action = Stress Relief

The combination of your mind, your body, and your actions can be the ultimate tactic to manage your anxiety.

  • Your Mind
    • Accept that you can not control everything that happens in your day to day life.
    • Put all your stressors into perspective. Ask yourself, is it really as bad as I think?
    • Perfection doesn’t exist! Just do your best and be proud of however close or far you get.
    • Think positive!  Make an effort to replace negative thoughts with positive thoughts.
    • Learn what triggers your anxiety. Is it work, family, school? Look for patterns.
  • Your Body
    • Limit alcohol and caffeine. Alcohol and caffeine can aggravate anxiety and trigger panic attacks.
    • Eat well-balanced meals, drink plenty of water and keep healthy, energy-boosting snacks on hand.
    • Get enough sleep. When stressed, your body needs additional sleep and rest. Try to get at least 7-8 hours of sleep per night.
    • Exercise daily. Exercising helps you feel good and maintains your health and wellness.
  • Your Actions
    • Remember to take deep breaths. Inhale and exhale slowly throughout the day when you are feeling anxious or stressed.
    • Counting to 10 still works! Count slowly, repeat, and count to 20 if needed.
    • Give back to your community. Volunteer or find other ways to be involved. This creates a support network and can give you a break from everyday stressors.
    • Take a time out. Practice yoga and meditation, listen to music, get a massage or learn relaxation techniques. Stepping back from problems can help clear your head.
    • Talk to someone. Tell friends and family you’re feeling overwhelmed and let them know how they can help. Consider speaking with a physician or therapist for professional help.
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4. CBD Oil

Using hem-derived CBD oil to help with anxiety can be a natural and effective way to be free from its crippling hold and improve our quality of life and overall health and wellness.

Ever since the passing of the 2018 US Farm Bill, hemp oil has become a popular natural remedy for anxiety, depression, stress relief, and many other common ailments we face.

While research on CBD is still in the early stages, people who have used CBD hemp oil have claimed that they’ve seen an overall decrease in symptoms for anxiety, depression, and stress.

CBD hemp oil can also promote a calm feeling with few if any, side effects. From Generalized Anxiety Disorder to Panic Disorder to PTSD and other specific phobias, studies suggest that CBD can have this same effect.

Anxiety not only affects our minds, but it also produces a wide variety of physical symptoms which negatively affect our quality of life. CBD oil can help manage anxiety by relieving the following symptoms:

  • CBD can relieve nausea
  • CBD can relieve headaches and migraines
  • CBD can make you feel more physically relaxed
  • CBD can help relieve muscle tension
  • CBD can help ease social anxiety

If you are curious about using CBD for your overall health and wellness regime and you’re wondering does CBD oil help with anxiety or to curb stress, we can help!

At Tessera Naturals, our mission is to educate and promote a healthy lifestyle which includes a clean diet of primarily organic unprocessed food, regular exercise and holistic medicine whenever possible. We are strong advocates of using CBD hemp oil products and other whole plant supplements to help enhance your overall well being.

We offer free shipping on all orders and a 30 day 100% money back guarantee. Browse our online store now.

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CBD 101: A Beginner’s Guide – How to Take CBD Oil

If you’re interested in trying CBD oil for the first time, you probably have a lot of questions on how to use CBD oil such as: What kind of CBD oil should I get? How to take CBD oil? How much CBD oil should I take?

While CBD has been growing in popularity in recent years, there is still a lot of confusion and it may be overwhelming to someone who has never tried it before.

We break down many of the common questions about CBD in this Beginner’s Guide to CBD.

What is CBD?

CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is a medicinal compound found in the cannabis plant. Hemp is a specific strain of cannabis that is naturally high is CBD and low in THC, which makes it ideal for extracting CBD. You can reap the benefits of CBD without the “high” associated with recreational marijuana.

CBD oil has been found to provide a multitude of health benefits with little to no side effects. Whether you want to promote a more relaxed mood, relieve aching muscles and joints, or if you’re dealing with more severe neurological issues, CBD may help.

Besides CBD, hemp also contains other beneficial compounds including 100+ minor cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and amino acids.  When consumed together, these compounds have been shown to work synergistically and increase the healing properties of one another.  This is what is called the “entourage effect”.

For a more in-depth look at what is CBD, please see our About CBD page and read our FAQ’s.

How Does CBD work?

The human body has an Endocannabinoid System (ECS) that translates signals from cannabinoids through thousands of receptors in our brain, central nervous system and immune system. The ECS is responsible for regulating many functions such as appetite, sleep, pain sensitivity and immune system responses. The ECS produces cannabinoids of its own, which are called endocannabinoids.

When cannabinoids from plants (phytocannabinoids) enter the body, they interact with our ECS receptors in the same way our internal cannabinoids do. These phytocannabinoids activate responses and provide a host of benefits from anxiety relief, pain management to neuroprotective properties.

3 Types of CBD Oil Extracts

There are three main types of CBD oils extracted from the hemp plant.  These include Full Spectrum CBD, Broad Spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate.

Full Spectrum CBD

Refers to the whole plant hemp extract, including up to 0.3% of THC.

Broad Spectrum CBD

Starts as full spectrum CBD that undergoes an additional process to remove the trace amounts of THC. It offers the “entourage effect” associated with full-spectrum CBD, without any chances of THC being ingested into the body.

CBD Isolate

Contains pure CBD only, and none of the other cannabinoids, terpenes or other natural compounds found in the hemp plant.

3 Pie charts showing the difference between full spectrum CBD & broad spectrum CBD. How much CBD do I take for anxiety? how to take cbd oil?

Research has shown that full spectrum and broad spectrum are superior for overall health and wellness than CBD isolate and provide a higher level of relief due to the whole plant profile and the entourage effect.

Broad spectrum CBD hemp oil is an excellent choice for individuals who wish to consume the full spectrum of beneficial compounds found in hemp, but can not have any traces of THC in their system, whether for legal purposes, passing a drug test, or any other reason.

Read our full post about Full spectrum CBD vs Broad Spectrum CBD vs CBD Isolate

How to Take CBD

As the popularity of CBD is growing, there are many different formats for taking CBD such as tinctures, capsules, topicals, vapes, and edibles.  While there is no “best” way to take CBD oil, there are some pros and cons to each and will ultimately boil down to your personal preference based on your individual goals, convenience and lifestyle.

Another factor in deciding how to take CBD is that different formats offer various levels of bioavailability, absorption rates and time frame for staying in your body.

Here are the most common ways to take CBD and the pros and cons of each.



  • Fast absorption and high bioavailability taking sublingual CBD as the capillaries under the tongue lead directly to the bloodstream, bypassing the digestive system
  • Easy to use (for both humans and animals)
  • Versatility (can be consumed sublingually or added to food and beverages)
  • Flexible dosing (fill the dropper to the desired dose and can also be split into multiple doses throughout the day)


  • Some people don’t like the taste of hemp
  • Some people feel that the process of holding the oil under the tongue for 60-90 seconds is inconvenient compared to taking a CBD capsule



  • Arguably the most convenient way to consume CBD
  • Tasteless and odorless
  • Exact dosage every time
  • Taking a CBD capsule doesn’t feel different or intimidating if you’re used to taking vitamins, supplements or other medications


  • Effects may take 1-2 hours to work as the CBD needs to go through the digestive system first
  • Ingesting CBD may be less effective as the CBD must pass through the liver, which reduces its concentration before sending it to the bloodstream

Note: Although ingesting CBD capsules have a slower absorption rate and less bioavailability, Tessera Naturals softgels use a proprietary nano-emulsion technology process, breaking down the oil into water-soluble nano-sized droplets that provide up to 5X the bioavailability of standard oil ingested orally.



  • Targeted relief for specific pain and inflammation
  • Useful for skin repair and skin conditions
  • Can be formulated and combined with other essential oils and beneficial ingredients


  • Can be messy before fully absorbing into the skin
  • Does not enter the bloodstream, therefore only offers relief to the specific area applied

Vaping / Smoking


  • Highest absorption rate and bioavailability
  • Effects can be felt almost immediately, usually within minutes
  • Easy to carry around and use on the go


  • Effects will last a shorter time vs ingesting CBD orally
  • Additional vaping apparatus is required
  • Stigma around vaping/smoking



  • Fun and convenient way to consume CBD while snacking
  • Can be a tasty treat
  • Everyone likes to eat!


  • Low absorption and bioavailability due to being processed through the digestive system
  • Typically contains low doses of CBD vs other methods
  • Some edibles include artificial ingredients and sweeteners
  • Not all edibles adhere to dietary restrictions such as celiacs or vegans
  • Unwanted calories
CBD Bioavailability chart. 4 Tips on how much CBD oil you should take for your first time.

Any Other Methods?

There are a few other methods to take CBD including rectal and vaginal suppositories and intravenous injections, but for obvious reasons, these are not desirable or convenient for the general public.

How Much CBD Oil Should I Take?

Finding the optimal dose is an individual process as each person is different, as well as the method of ingestion, so it may take a bit of trial and error to find the right dose of CBD for you.

Several factors influence each person’s effective dose of CBD including weight, diet, metabolism, sleep patterns, stress levels and genetics.  Also some individuals are just more sensitive to the effects of CBD than others.

Visit our free CBD Dosage Calculator for a starting recommendation based on weight, condition and severity.

In any case, it’s always best to start with a low dose (we suggest starting with 10-20mg of CBD) and see how you react.  You can slowly increase the dose over the next few days to find the most effective dose for you and your goals.

Most people stick to somewhere in the 10-80mg of CBD per day, with higher doses for sleep, therapeutic effects and “flare ups”.

Oil Dropper dropping CBD oil into a CBD vial. Your guide to dosing CBD oil and how to take cbd oil.

Where Can I Buy CBD?

There are many places to buy CBD hemp oil in all types and formats, but first and foremost, we highly advise against picking up some cheap unknown CBD product from your local smoke shop or gas station!

If you wish to buy CBD online, you will find the widest selection available as well as the convenience of shipping to your home. You may also find reputable local retail locations that sell high quality CBD by Googling “CBD near me”… but beware as not all CBD is created equal.  

Also beware that “hemp” products on Amazon are most likely made from hemp seed oil, which do not contain any significant amounts of CBD. They will not list CBD on the label, nor any amount of actual CBD contents. Although CBD from Hemp is legal according to the 2014 and 2018 farm bill, Amazon’s policy does not allow any CBD products to be sold on their platform as of yet, so you can’t technically buy CBD oil on Amazon.

Things to look for…

Read Labels

Always read labels to make sure you know exactly what you’re buying.

Is the CBD full spectrum, broad spectrum, or is it a CBD isolate?  

Is there any THC in the product?

How much CBD does the product actually contain? (Look for CBD contents in the entire package as well as CBD per serving or recommended dose)  

Are there other artificial ingredients or fillers?

Origin and Manufacturing

Many hemp plants obtained from Eastern Europe, Asia, or other uncontrolled or unknown sources may be contaminated with harmful substances or synthetic chemicals in order to increase yield, weight, or potency.

Look for hemp that is organically grown in the USA.

Are the CBD products manufactured in a GMP certified FDA registered facility?

What extraction method is used? Look for CO2 extraction for a solvent free whole plant extract.

3rd Party Lab Tests

Transparency should be key to any CBD product you are purchasing.  

Make sure to review COA’s (Certificate of Analysis) and 3rd party lab tests showing the product’s potency, quality, and safety.  Lab tests should confirm that the product is free of heavy metals, harsh chemicals, solvents, or pesticides.

Company Reputation

We like to support companies that go above and beyond just selling a product.  Learn about the company and its founders. Look for positive online reviews for the company and its products.

Does the company add value to the consumer through educational content and community support?

Does the company have good customer service and is able to answer your questions or concerns about CBD?

Does the company offer a return policy and a money-back guarantee?

How about free shipping?

Does the company give back and support good causes?


While price should not be the ultimate factor in choosing to buy CBD products, look for competitive pricing between $0.10 – $0.15 per mg of CBD, give or take.

Some companies are unnecessarily overcharging for CBD products based on their brand recognition.

The opposite extreme is also true.  Watch out for unusually low prices. Keep in mind the old adage that states “you get what you pay for”.  

Cheap is cheap… We believe in consuming only high quality, natural, healthy products and do not think it’s worth saving a few dollars to buy inferior quality products that may compromise your health and that of your loved ones.

Purchasing high quality CBD oil may not be cheap, but investing in your health and well being far outweighs the expense of chronic illness and disease.

The Tessera Naturals Difference

Tessera Naturals is committed to providing the very best premium grade broad spectrum CBD oil for sale on the market.

All Tessera Naturals CBD products are:

  • Broad Spectrum profile (THC-free)
  • Made from organically grown non-GMO hemp
  • Made in the USA from farm to bottle
  • Manufactured in a GMP certified FDA registered facility
  • 3rd party tested for potency, quality, and safety
  • Free of heavy metals, harsh chemicals, solvents or pesticides
  • Legal in all 50 states, 2014/2018 Farm Bill compliant
  • 30 day 100% money-back guarantee
  • Free shipping in the US

Lastly, every product you buy from Tessera Naturals helps protect our planet through our partnership with onepercentfortheplanet.org and other organizations we support!

See About Us page to read more about how and why we are the number one trusted resource for premium quality CBD products with no gimmicks.  Feel free to get in touch with us if you have additional questions.

Key Takeaways

  • CBD may help with a variety of issues such as anxiety, pain, cognition, and movement disorders.
  • Look for full spectrum or broad spectrum, rather than CBD isolate.
  • Choose your preferred format for taking CBD oil (tinctures, capsules, topicals, vapes, and edibles) based on your specific conditions, lifestyle, and goals.
  • Experiment with dosage.  Start low and slowly increase until you find the optimal dose for you.
  • Read labels and review lab reports to ensure you know what you’re buying.
  • Purchase CBD from a reputable source.  Familiarize yourself with the company and its founders.
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